NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

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NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

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Electronic Health Record Implementation

Benchmark- Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper 

Health care delivery evolves in multiple dimensions as nursing professionals and stakeholders invent new strategies for addressing complex patient needs. Central to this advancement is nursing informatics, which involves synthesizing nursing, information, and computer sciences to manage and communicate data and information (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2021). Nursing informatics enables providers to integrate tools, technologies, and methods to collect, analyze, and apply vast health care data. Such improved capabilities empower nurses to implement electronic health records (EHRs) for improved patient outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of implementing a new EHR within a practice setting purposed to capture data to inspire improvements and quality change. 

Opportunity for Tracking Care Improvement 

Opportunities for tracking care improvement are characterized by intensive and accurate data collection, analysis, and management to address performance gaps. A suitable opportunity in the current practice where EHR implementation would be highly beneficial is using real-time data to identify high-risk patients to prevent 30-day unscheduled readmission. According to Ashfaq et al. (2019), precise readmission risk prediction could effectively guide health care practitioners in deciding whether a patient is ready for discharge or should be enrolled in an intervention program. An EHR-driven prediction model would enable the health care facility to collect the relevant data when the patient is receiving care to predict the readmission probability at discharge. 

The problematic nature of readmissions requires nursing practitioners to have timely, accurate, and sufficient data for informed decision-making. A database is critical to operations management since it promotes precise, consistent data storage. In the present tech-based nursing, the sequence of primary care visits usually represents the patient in an EHR. In this case, the most critical data is what identifies patients and their health conditions. Ashfaq et al. (2019) categorized this data into demographic features and the patient’s clinical state. Demographic features include the patient’s age, gender, residence, and the type of visit. Clinical state data include lab results, diagnoses, and vitals recorded during an inpatient visit.   

Role Informatics Plays in Ability to Capture Data 

Informatics is the spine for data-driven nursing and informed use of innovative technological systems for high-quality care. Among many roles, informatics enables nurses and other health care staff to collect timely data in different formats from multiple sources. Nursing informatics facilitates the safe storage of essential data since it can be backed up by ensuring it is available in multiple devices and systems. As Dash et al. (2019) mentioned, nursing informatics facilitates data organization during collection for easy analysis. Such organization is witnessed when patient’s clinical data is matched with their needs. Generally, informatics makes data readily available for decision-making and ensures care providers can access it in multiple formats as situations necessitate. 

Implementing electronic health systems is intensive since they consume time and resources. Applying the appropriate project management strategies and methodologies can effectively support informatics initiatives to improve quality within the clinical practice. Valuable strategies to manage and implement complex projects include goal-oriented leadership and utilizing a work breakdown structure. Visionary leadership allows a team to work together for a common goal. It prevents potential conflicts when executing projects by clarifying roles and supervising progress. Alam and Gühl (2022) described a work breakdown structure as organizing the work into manageable sections. These sections (smaller components) allow efficient resource allocation, planning, and evaluation of key deliverables. 

Leaders apply different project management methodologies depending on the scope and type of work involved. Inevitably, nursing informatics projects require precision and integration of models that promote efficient resource utilization. The waterfall methodology can be used to support informatics initiatives. Rubio (2022) represented the waterfall model as flowing the project’s phases downward. Nurse leaders and other health care staff implementing change must complete one project’s phase before moving to the next. The other methodology is the agile approach, characterized by adaptive work management and project planning (Rubio, 2022). In this method, quality improvement leaders are open to change and embrace a flexible management approach to realize the targeted goals. 

Systems and Staff Members Needed in Design and Implementation Process 

Effective EHR implementation combines multiple systems, staff members, and skills. A health information system would be critical since it helps care providers gather, organize, and collect data to improve health outcomes and reduce costs. A robust technological system is also necessary to ensure the new EHR captures, analyzes, and shares data safely. Regarding staff members, the nurse informaticist should be involved in all critical phases, including design and implementation. According to McGonigle and Mastrian (2021), nurse informaticists combine clinical skills and health information technology (IT) to guide organizations in advancing technology to improve care quality. Their skills and guidance are essential for positive outcomes as far as the system’s design and implementation are concerned. Other staff members include system designers, physicians, departmental leaders, and IT technicians. 

The advanced registered nurse is critical in promoting evidence-based practice and leading quality and performance improvement initiatives within this setting. One such role is serving as a change agent to address performance gaps. Change agents use their clinical and analytical skills in nursing to identify areas where the desired goals are not achieved (Ericson-Lidman & Strandberg, 2021). In response, they propose evidence-based interventions to reduce the gap between the achieved and desired health outcomes. The advanced registered nurse is also responsible for policy change and advocacy. Nsiah et al. (2019) illustrated patient advocacy as promoting patient safety and high-quality care by protecting patients and advancing their interests. The nurse plays similar roles by designing interventions for improving patient safety and achieving high-quality care, like burnout reduction programs, environmental modification strategies, and patient monitoring via telehealth. The organization fosters a culture of change to encourage innovative projects. 

Strategies for Implementing EHR Proposal 

Implementing a new EHR system could be seamless or challenging, depending on the approaches used in critical phases. As Aguirre et al. (2019) stated, the entire process commences with an in-depth evaluation of the workflows, followed by defining preferences and user needs. In the proposed project, such needs include software, hardware, and user requirements to ensure the EHR runs efficiently and executes its roles as expected. The next step is communication to ensure clinicians and all targeted users understand the purpose of the new EHR and how to use it in predicting and preventing readmissions. Aguirre et al. (2019) further recommended staff education to equip users with the foundational knowledge for safe and effective EHR use. Transition to the new EHR should happen after piloting and when all user needs are addressed. To ensure effective management of resources, teamwork should be embraced at all levels. Nurses should also be trained in groups to save time and training resources. 

Professional, Ethical, and Regulatory Standards Implementation 

EHRs are characterized by massive data collection, storage, and exchange between providers. Adherence to the established standards is critical for safe and competent use. Professional standards for the system’s design and implementation include EHR usability and interoperability. Usability denotes an easy-to-use system that allows nursing professionals to perform different tasks accurately and with minimal effort. Li et al. (2021) illustrated interoperability as health information systems’ ability to work together within and across organizational boundaries to facilitate effective patient care. Interoperable systems promote safe and quick information exchange between care providers. A lack of interoperability increases clinician workload and is a key barrier to patient safety. 

Ethical standards in the design and implementation of the new EHR are centered on privacy, security, and confidentiality essentials. To promote these principles and ensure data integrity, EHR systems should have the appropriate technical and physical safeguards for data protection (Basil et al., 2022). Regulatory considerations have much to do with using certified EHR technology. Certified technology that allows clinicians to store data in a structured format facilitates efficient data capturing and sharing (CMS.gov, 2023). Such structuring enables nursing professionals to retrieve and transfer patient data easily for improved patient outcomes. 

Evaluation of the Success of EHR Implementation 

EHR implementation is cumbersome since it introduces new technologies, tools, and processes into routine patient care. Evaluation is critical to determining whether the project achieved the desired goals (Hamilton et al., 2020). From a staff perspective, the new EHR should enable nurses to track and respond to potential readmissions more effectively. A post-implementation feasibility study can help to determine how the EHR empowers nurses to achieve better outcomes. From a setting perspective, the new EHR should reduce costs associated with readmissions. As a result, a comparative analysis of the readmissions rate six months before and after its implementation would be an accurate reference point. To patients, implementing the new EHR would reduce readmissions and improve care experiences. To ensure continuous quality improvement in practice, nurses should be regularly trained on key aspects of the system, including usage, security, and ethical compliance. The system should also be upgraded as situations oblige to optimize capacity and secure it from emerging security threats. 

Leadership Skills and Project Management to Collaborate with Interprofessional Teams 

Interprofessional teams comprise members with diverse skills, values, and work approaches. Leadership skills to enable such teams to collaborate and provide evidence-based, patient-centered care include clear goals, respect, and active engagement of members. Respect and engagement foster a culture of inclusion, enabling a diverse workforce to work together to achieve a shared goal (Stanford, 2020). Clear goals, open communication, and problem-solving are valuable project management skills for an interprofessional team to collaborate and provide evidence-based, patient-centered care. Leadership theories also guide nursing professionals in change management and decision-making regarding effective patient care. The adaptive leadership theory underlines supporting staff competencies to achieve patient-centered care (Kuluski et al., 2021). Adaptive leadership is founded on the precept that different situations require different skills, knowledge, and approaches. A similar approach is crucial in the complex nursing environment to deliver the best possible patient care. 

 

Conclusion 

Nursing informatics has improved organizations’ capacity to use data and technologies to improve patient care. EHRs contain patient data in electronic formats for quick access, sharing, and decision-making. A new opportunity for EHR implementation should enable nurses to use data and technologies to achieve higher outcomes for patients, health care staff, and the organization. A new EHR system for readmission prediction and prevention is crucial for the organization to prevent adverse outcomes of readmissions.  

 

References 

Aguirre, R. R., Suarez, O., Fuentes, M., & Sanchez-Gonzalez, M. A. (2019). Electronic health record implementation: a review of resources and tools. Cureus, 11(9), e5649. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.5649 

Alam, D., & Gühl, U. (2022). Project management for practice: a guide and toolbox for successful projects. Springer. 

Ashfaq, A., Sant’Anna, A., Lingman, M., & Nowaczyk, S. (2019). Readmission prediction using deep learning on electronic health records. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 97, 103256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103256 

Basil, N. N., Ambe, S., Ekhator, C., & Fonkem, E. (2022). Health records database and inherent security concerns: a review of the literature. Cureus, 14(10), e30168. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.30168 

CMS.gov. (2023). Certified EHR technology. https://www.cms.gov/medicare/regulations-guidance/promoting-interoperability-programs/certified-ehr-technology 

Dash, S., Shakyawar, S. K., Sharma, M., & Kaushik, S. (2019). Big data in healthcare: management, analysis and future prospects. Journal of Big Data, 6(1), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-019-0217-0 

Ericson-Lidman, E., & Strandberg, G. (2021). Change agents’ experiences of implementing a new organizational culture in residential care for older people: a qualitative study. Nordic Journal of Nursing Research, 41(3), 149-157. https://doi.org/10.1177/2057158521995994 

Hamilton, S., Jennings, A., & Forster, A. J. (2020). Development and evaluation of a quality improvement framework for healthcare. International Journal for Quality in Health Care: journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care, 32(7), 456–463. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzaa075 

Kuluski, K., Reid, R. J., & Baker, G. R. (2021). Applying the principles of adaptive leadership to person‐centred care for people with complex care needs: Considerations for care providers, patients, caregivers and organizations. Health Expectations, 24(2), 175-181. https://doi.org/10.1111/hex.13174 

Li, E., Clarke, J., Neves, A. L., Ashrafian, H., & Darzi, A. (2021). Electronic health records, interoperability and patient safety in health systems of high-income countries: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 11(7), e044941. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044941 

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2021). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge. Jones & Bartlett Learning. 

Nsiah, C., Siakwa, M., & Ninnoni, J. P. K. (2019). Registered Nurses’ description of patient advocacy in the clinical setting. Nursing Open, 6(3), 1124–1132. https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.307 

Rubio, M. (2022). The mini book of agile: everything you really need to know about agile, agile project management and agile delivery. Packt Publishing. 

Stanford, F. C. (2020). The importance of diversity and inclusion in the healthcare workforce. Journal of the National Medical Association, 112(3), 247–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnma.2020.03.014 

 

NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

The adoption of electronic health records has shaped significantly the provision of healthcare in the modern world. Electronic health records have made it possible for health organizations to obtain, organize, analyze and present data for the healthcare providers’ use in decision-making. The costs of healthcare have also declined significantly with the use of electronic health records. The reduction is attributed to the enhanced efficiency in the decision-making process and the provision of healthcare. There is also the enhanced provision of safe, high quality care that meets the actual and perceived needs of the diverse populations. Therefore, this research paper examines the roles of the registered nurse in various scenarios related to the use of electronic health records.

Database to Track Opportunities for Care Improvement Information

Health information systems should not only provide enhanced efficiencies in data use but also tracking for opportunities in healthcare too. Different kinds of information are needed to allow for tracking of healthcare opportunities. One of them is information on patient satisfaction. The systems should allow organizations to obtain data related to the level of patient satisfaction with care. The patients should also provide their feedback on areas of improvement that would result in better services to those in need (Sarkar, 2015). Such information is important since the organization learns more about the ways in which excellent services can be offered to meet the diverse needs of the patients.

The other information that is needed in the database is information on appointment processes. The organization needs to be available for the populations in need at all times. It is therefore important that information on the duration that it takes from the time of requesting an appointment to the actual appointment is obtained. Information on effectiveness of the reminders of appointment and missed or cancelled appointment should also be kept in the database. The above information is needed to evaluate the responsiveness of the organization to its consumers (Graña, Toro, & Howlett, 2015). The company can optimize such information by ensuring that patients receive excellent services from booking appointments, actual appointments, reminders, and finding out about the reasons for missed or cancelled appointments.

The other type of information that is needed in the database for tracking opportunities in healthcare is information on the quality of treatment offered to those in need. The nature of care given to the patients should be safe, effective, and quality. It should optimize on patient outcomes such as faster recovery, safety, cost-effectiveness, and minimize adverse events. Therefore, information such as those related to prescription, referral tracking, and result tracking can be used to improve the quality of treatment.

Role of Informatics in Capturing the Above Data

Health informatics plays an important role in capturing the above data that is used for tracking opportunities in healthcare. It promotes the provision of patient-centered care. It also provides a mechanism in which patients and healthcare providers exchange vital information for improving healthcare outcomes. The information can be shared with other healthcare providers for the purposes of collaborative provision of healthcare. Through it, shared decision-making is promoted since patients have more control over the planning of their healthcare needs. Informatics also provides opportunities for error minimization in the use of the collected data. For instance, standards of information used are developed to guide the interpretation of each category of data and its implications to healthcare, thereby, promoting meaningful use of the obtained data.

Systems and Staff Needed in the Design and Implementation Process and Team

The type of system to be selected depends largely on the needs of an organization. However, it is important that the selected system promote flexibility and ease use by the healthcare providers. It should enhance patient-healthcare provider interaction rather than deterring the nature of communication between them. The electronic health record is one such system. Therefore, the user interface of the selected system should be intuitive as well as easy to learn. The simplicity ensures that there is easy transition for the users and enhanced system effectiveness in delivering the needed productivity.

The staff that are needed in the design and implementation of healthcare technologies should comprise of administrative staff, medical assistants, nurses, lead super user, information technology professionals, and physicians.  They are needed in the design process as they provide their input on system features that should be included in the system. They are also needed in the implementation phase as they determine the usability of the system and ease of use. The staffs work as teams throughout the process of system design to evaluation.

Professional, Ethical, and Regulatory Standards that must be incorporated into Design and Implementation of the System

The design and implementation of electronic health systems are done with a consideration of professional, ethical, and regulatory standards. According to the American Nurses Association, healthcare information technologies should promote patient safety as well as enhanced patient outcomes. The data should be accurately as well as efficiently obtained, recorded, stored, analyzed, and reported. Ethical principles that guide the use of electronic health data should also be considered. This includes the principles of confidentiality, privacy, and security of electronic health data. The healthcare providers should also play an active role in the design, implementation, and evaluation of system use in their organizations (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2016).

Regulatory standards must also be incorporated into the design and implementation of health electronic systems. An example is the consideration of the provisions of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH) and HIPAA security standards. According to HIPAA, institutions of healthcare should take the responsibility of protecting the health data of their patients. The principles of privacy, confidentiality, and security should be upheld for efficient and effective use of electronic health data. The HITECH Act provides stricter measures that underpin the provisions of HIPAA standards (Sarkar, 2015). It increases the legal liability for any incidence of non-compliance to HIPAA provisions on the use and protection of electronic health data.

How EHR Team Will Ensure that All Order Sets Are Part of the New Record

The EHR team can use a four-step process to ensure that order sets are part of the new record. The steps include coming up with a system of governance for the order set structure, planning and tracking the maintenance and workflow of the order set, creating and making use of style guide that promote consistency, and encouraging practices that streamline order set use in clinical environment. The first step, governance, entails formulating a body to support communication as well as decision making for project coordination, integration, and customization. The governance group can comprise of any staff members and tasked with responsibilities such as providing oversight, establishing use of metrics, and communicating with other stakeholders. In the second step, planning, the expectations, goals, and deadlines of order sets are developed. The existing order sets are edited and integrated into the new systems. The third step, style guide, entails the development of an approach that will promote consistency in aspects such as layout, naming, order set sequencing, types of evidence, and size thresholds. Consistency in these aspects is important as it ensures easy search as well as data retrieval, use, and standardization. In the last step, physician engagement, the staffs involved in the use of order set are invited to review the system. Approaches such as webinars and meetings are used to create awareness among the users (Kelley, 2016). Healthcare provider involvement is critical as it ensures effective adoption of system use in the organization.

How to Communicate Changes in the Plan

Formal means of communication should be utilized in the design and implementation of electronic health systems. These include the use of posters, email, and arranging for meetings with the staff to communicate the progress, needs, and any alterations. These formal methods of communication create awareness among the healthcare providers on the needs of the electronic health systems, thereby, minimizing resistance to system adoption by the staffs. The communication should also be timely and updated to avoid any cases of surprises to the adopters. The environment of the organization should also foster open and free communication (Graña, Toro & Howlett, 2015). The staffs should be able to offer their inputs on the system design and implementation.

Measures and Steps to Evaluate the Success of EHR Implementation from Staff Setting and Patient’s Perspective

Measures of success of EHR implementation are varied. They include adoption process, culture, network and infrastructure efficiency, medical errors, and staff satisfaction with the system. The steps involved in the evaluation of success of EHR include planning, performing calculations on return on investment, assessing system efficiency, assessing quality of care with system, adoption, and evaluation of data input as well as quality. The team should conduct cost-benefit analysis to determine the profitability of the system to the organization and patients. The efficiency is evaluated by using data on patient throughput. The quality of healthcare is determined using surveys on patient satisfaction. Surveys are also administered to the physicians to determine their satisfaction and adoption process. Error rate is determined to evaluate the quality of data input (Gliklich et al., 2014). Through these methods, it is possible to evaluate the implementation of EHR.

Leadership Skills and Theories

Some of the leadership skills that one should have include effective communication, problem solving, project management, and technical proficiency. Open communication is important as it keeps the stakeholders aware of the progress of the implementation. It also ensures that team members communicate their concerns and ways of improving outcomes. The design and implementation of EHR involves people with diverse knowledge, experience, and perceptions. The diversity increases the risk of conflicts, which needs individuals with adept experience in problem solving. The members should also have experience in project management since it demands the setting and evaluation of various deliverables. Technical proficiency is needed to facilitating the understanding of information technology-related terms that are used in the process. The leadership theories that are needed include participatory and transformative leadership styles (Barrett, 2015). In participatory style, all the stakeholders are encouraged to play an active role in the whole project. It focuses on empowering the team members involved in the adoption process. In transformative leadership, the focus is placed on ensuring that individuals work collectively to achieve a common goal. The leaders influence those they lead through encouraging, inspiring, and motivating them to explore innovative ways of doing things.

Conclusion NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

In summary, electronic health records can be utilized to not only improve the quality of care but also identify opportunities in the healthcare system too. The stored data can be used to explore the trends that can be explored for business profitability. The design and implementation of electronic health records is a collaborative process. It incorporates the insights provided by stakeholders such as doctors, nurses, and information technology experts. Therefore, it is important that the desired leadership style and skills are employed to ensure that the adopted system meets the prioritized needs of the organization.

References NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

Barrett, A. K. (2015). Change is inevitable but compliance is optional: Coworker social influence and behavioral work-arounds in the EHR implementation of healthcare organizations. Austin, Tex: University of Texas.

Gliklich, R. E., Dreyer, N. A., Leavy, M. B., Quintiles Outcome (Firm),, United States., & Effective Health Care Program (U.S.). (2014). Registries for evaluating patient outcomes: A user’s guide. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Graña, M., Toro, C., & Howlett, R. J. (2015). Innovation in Medicine and Healthcare 2014. Burke: IOS Press.

Kelley, T. (2016). Electronic health records for quality nursing & health care. Lancaster, PA: DEStech Publications.

Sarkar, I. N. (2015). MEDINFO 2015: eHealth-enabled Health. IOS Press.

Stanhope, M., & In Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.

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NUR 514 Benchmark - Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay
NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay

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NUR 514 Benchmark – Electronic Health Record Implementation Paper Essay Grading Rubric

Performance Category 100% or highest level of performance

100%

16 points

Very good or high level of performance

88%

14 points

Acceptable level of performance

81%

13 points

Inadequate demonstration of expectations

68%

11 points

Deficient level of performance

56%

9 points

 

Failing level

of performance

55% or less

0 points

 Total Points Possible= 50           16 Points    14 Points 13 Points        11 Points           9 Points          0 Points
Scholarliness

Demonstrates achievement of scholarly inquiry for professional and academic topics.

Presentation of information was exceptional and included all of the following elements:

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information.
Presentation of information was good, but was superficial in places and included all of the following elements:

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information.
Presentation of information was minimally demonstrated in all of the following elements:

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information.
 

Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in one of the following elements:

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information.
 

Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in two of the following elements:

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information.
Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in three or more of the following elements

  • Provides evidence of scholarly inquiry relevant to required TD topic(s).
  • Presents specific information from scholarly sources to develop a comprehensive presentation of facts.
  • Uses at least one outside scholarly reference that is relevant, less than 5 years old (use of older references requires instructor permission) and reliable for the required topic.*
  • Uses in-text citation and full reference at end of posting when presenting another person’s thoughts as quotes or paraphrase of information
 16 Points  14 Points  13 Points 11 Points 9 Points  0 Points
Application of Course Knowledge

Demonstrate the ability to analyze and apply principles, knowledge and information learned in the outside readings and relate them to real-life professional situations

Presentation of information was exceptional and included all of the following elements:

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information from scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned from scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
Presentation of information was good, but was superficial in places and included all of the following elements:

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information from scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned from scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
Presentation of information was minimally demonstrated in the all of the following elements:

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information from scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned from scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in one of the following elements:

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information from scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned from and scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in two of the following elements:

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information from scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned from scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
Presentation of information is unsatisfactory in three of the following elements

  • Applies principles, knowledge and information and scholarly resources to the required topic.
  • Applies facts, principles or concepts learned scholarly resources to a professional experience.
  • Application of information is comprehensive and specific to the required topic.
   10 Points 9 Points  6 Points  0 Points
Interactive Dialogue

Initial post should be a minimum of 300 words (references do not count toward word count)

The peer and instructor responses must be a minimum of 150 words each (references do not count toward word count)

Responses are substantive and relate to the topic.

Demonstrated all of the following:

  • Initial post must be a minimum of 300 words.
  • The peer and instructor responses must be a minimum of 150 words each.
  • Responses are substantive
  • Responses are related to the topic of discussion.
Demonstrated 3 of the following:

  • Initial post must be a minimum of 300 words.
  • The peer and instructor responses must be a minimum of 150 words each.
  • Responses are substantive
  • Responses are related to the topic of discussion.
Demonstrated 2 of the following:

  • Initial post must be a minimum of 300 words.
  • The peer and instructor responses must be a minimum of 150 words each.
  • Responses are substantive
  • Responses are related to the topic of discussion.
Demonstrated 1 or less of the following:

  • Initial post must be a minimum of 300 words.
  • The peer and instructor responses must be a minimum of 150 words each.
  • Responses are substantive
  • Responses are related to the topic of discussion.
  8 Points 7 Points  6 Points         5 Points          4 Points  0 Points
Grammar, Syntax, APA

Points deducted for improper grammar, syntax and APA style of writing.

The source of information is the APA Manual 6th Edition

Error is defined to be a unique APA error. Same type of error is only counted as one error.

The following was present:

  • 0-3 errors in APA format

AND

  • Responses have 0-3 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors

AND

  • Writing style is generally clear, focused on topic,and facilitates communication.
The following was present:

  • 4-6 errors in APA format.

AND/OR

  • Responses have 4-5 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors

AND/OR

  • Writing style is somewhat focused on topic.
The following was present:

  • 7-9 errors in APA format.

AND/OR

  • Responses have 6-7 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors

AND/OR

  • Writing style is slightly focused on topic making discussion difficult to understand.
 

The following was present:

  • 10- 12 errors in APA format

AND/OR

  • Responses have 8-9 grammatical, spelling and punctuation errors

AND/OR

  • Writing style is not focused on topic, making discussion difficult to understand.
 

The following was present:

  • 13 – 15 errors in APA format

AND/OR

  • Responses have 8-10 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors

AND/OR

  • Writing style is not focused on topic, making discussion difficult to understand.

AND/OR

  • The student continues to make repeated mistakes in any of the above areas after written correction by the instructor.
The following was present:

  • 16 to greater errors in APA format.

AND/OR

  • Responses have more than 10 grammatical, spelling or punctuation errors.

AND/OR

  • Writing style does not facilitate communication
  0 Points Deducted 5 Points Lost
Participation

Requirements

Demonstrated the following:

  • Initial, peer, and faculty postings were made on 3 separate days
Failed to demonstrate the following:

  • Initial, peer, and faculty postings were made on 3 separate days
  0 Points Lost 5 Points Lost
Due Date Requirements Demonstrated all of the following:

  • The initial posting to the graded threaded discussion topic is posted within the course no later than Wednesday, 11:59 pm MT.

A minimum of one peer and one instructor responses are to be posted within the course no later than Sunday, 11:59 pm MT.

Demonstrates one or less of the following.

  • The initial posting to the graded threaded discussion topic is posted within the course no later than Wednesday, 11:59 pm MT.

A minimum of one peer and one instructor responses are to be posted within the course no later than Sunday, 11:59 pm MT.

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