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PSY 3500 W4 Parental Involvement on Child’s Behavior

PSY 3500 W4 Parental Involvement on Child’s Behavior
Role of Parental Involvement in Education
The critical role of parental involvement in a child’s education has been examined in countless studies and reports. The research overwhelmingly supports the following conclusions.
1. Academic achievement increases when parents are involved in their children’s education.
The more intensively involved the parents are, the greater the positive impact on academic achievement.
2. Parental involvement leads to better classroom behavior.
Parental involvement not only enhances academic performance, but it also has a positive influence on student attitude and behavior. A parent’s interest and encouragement in a child’s education can affect the child’s attitude toward school, classroom conduct, self-esteem, absenteeism, and motivation.
3. Parents should stay involved in their children’s education from preschool through high school.
Parental involvement can make a positive difference at all age levels. Parental involvement tends to be the greatest with young children and tends to taper off as children get older. Studies have shown, however, that the involvement of parents of middle and high school students is equally important. In high school, for example, a parent’s encouragement can influence whether a child stays in school or drops out. Similarly, a child may consider going to college more seriously when parents show interest in the child’s academic achievements and talk with the child about the benefits of a college education.
4. Training helps parents of disadvantaged children get involved.
Parents of minority or low-income children are less likely to be involved in their children’s education than parents of non-disadvantaged children. If they receive adequate training and encouragement, however, parents of minority or low-income children can be just as effective as other parents in contributing to their children’s academic success. As discussed below, one of the purposes of NCLB is to get parents of under-achieving children involved in their education.
5. Reading together at home greatly improves reading skills.
Reading, in particular, improves greatly when parents and children read together at home. Reading aloud with a child contributes significantly to the child’s reading abilities.
6. Schools can encourage parental involvement in many ways.
Significant parental involvement is most likely to develop when schools actively seek out ways to get parents involved and offer training programs to teach parents how to get involved in their children’s education.
7. Parental involvement lifts teacher morale.
Schools and teachers benefit from parental involvement because involved parents develop a greater appreciation for the challenges that teachers face in the classroom. Teacher morale is improved. Communication between home and school helps a teacher to know a student better, which in turn allows the teacher to teach the student more effectively. Communication also helps to dispel any mistrust or misperceptions that may exist between teachers and parents.
8. Parental involvement benefits children and parents.
Becoming involved in their children’s education, moms and dads get the satisfaction of making a contribution to their children’s education and future. They have a better understanding of the school curriculum and activities and can be more comfortable with the quality of education their child is receiving. They spend more time with their children and become able to communicate better with them. Some studies show that a parent’s participation in a child’s education may inspire the parent to further his or her own education.
9. Time constraints are the greatest barrier to parental involvement.
Lack of time is the top reason parents give for not participating more in their children’s education. Lack of time is also cited by school personnel as a reason for not seeking parental support more actively. Thus, effective solutions to enhanced parent involvement require freeing up the time of parents and teachers or finding ways to work around their schedules.
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