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PSY 2061 Assignment Stroop and Native Language

PSY 2061 Assignment Stroop and Native Language


Write an introduction and background section for your study that incorporates at least 10 peer reviewed journal articles.

Define the experimental and null hypotheses.

Write a method section that explains how you are going to collect the data, who the participants are going to be, and what you are going to ask your participants to do.

Analyzed the types of sources used and how these choices may affect results.

Justify why your chosen methods of data collection are the optimal choice.


PSY 2061 Assignment Stroop and Native Language

Discuss what type of approach you chose (e.g. qualitative, quantitative, or both) and evaluate why you chose this approach.

Used correct spelling, grammar, professional vocabulary, and APA format.

A bstracts from the 19th Annual Meeting 717
ern and Judaic Studies Department at an American university were asked to perform
word list generation tasks in Hebrew and English. Participants were fully fluent in both
languages; 10 had acquired English first; the other 10 had Hebrew as their first language
and had lived over 5 years in an English-speaking country. They were all administered a
phonetic word list generation condition requiring production of words beginning with a
specific letter in English (B,C,L), and in Hebrew (“beth,” “chaf,” and “lamed”). In the
semantic condition, subjects provided names of (a) animals, and (b) fruits and vegetables,
also in both languages. Subjects whose first language was Hebrew generated equal mean
number of words for the phonemic categories, but did better in their native language for
the semantic condition. Among those for whom English was the first language, a signifi-
cant discrepancy in word production rate (favoring English) was seen for both phonemic
and semantic conditions. Mean word generation rates were equal for semantic catego-
ries when subjects were being tested in their primary language. These findings suggest
that using tasks that tap on word meaning (i.e., requiring a semantic vs. a phonetic
match) and implicate a different neural pathway of access, may be a more sensitive mea-
sure of linguistic proficiency. 
This also underscores the importance of utilizing categories
when administering oral word generation tasks as part of a neuropsychological examina-
tion, especially among individuals with varying degrees of linguistic skill, including bilin-
guals and individuals with verbal learning disabilities.
Azoulay, B., & Armengoi, C. G.
The Stroop Test as a Measure of Language Proficiency in Bilinguals.
The impact of language proficiency on a task measuring inhibition of automatized re-
sponses was addressed in this study. Nineteen students, all fluent in Hebrew and En-
glish, 10 with English as a first language and 9 with Hebrew as a first language, were ad-
ministered a 100-item (10 x 10) version of the Stroop test, with three colors (blue, green,
red), in both languages. Time to completion was measured for color naming, word read-
ing, and interference conditions.
All participants were faster to complete the word read-
ing and color naming tasks in their primary language. It was noteworthy that despite
claims that reading or naming words in Hebrew should take longer than in English be-
cause all Hebrew words contain two syllables, no differences were found in speed of task
completion in Hebrew for Israelis or English for Americans. On the interference condi-
tion, no differences in response time were observed for Israelis responding either in He-
brew or English, whereas Americans were significantly slower in their second language.
This lesser degree of interference for Israelis is interesting in light of arguments by vari-
ous authors regarding an aspect of control in automatic process. The use of this proce-
dure to assess language proficiency in bilinguals and to further investigate the nature of
language representation in the brain are discussed.
The Effects of Masking on Lateralized Illusion Perception: A Further Test of the Spatial
Frequency Hypothesis.
The present investigation examined the contribution of spatial frequency to asymmetri-
cal processing of visual information, using the Zoellner illusion.

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