NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

Sample Answer for NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment Included After Question

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

PICOT Draft

 

Name__Constantine_________Dapilma__________________________

Part 1: Propose a relevant nursing practice problem for an evidence-based practice project. Explain why you selected this topic and how it is relevant to advance nursing practice. Include one research article that demonstrates support for the nursing practice problem.

To provide optimal health care, nurses should work without being overwhelmed and always ready to serve all populations. However, the number of patients visiting health care facilities because of obesity and related complications has surged in the last decade. Some of the most at-risk population segments are school-age children and adolescents. My nursing practice problem for an evidence-based practice project is obesity among school-age children. Robinson et al. (2017) found that vulnerability to obesity has increased among children due to unhealthy lifestyles associated with sedentary living, such as watching television and gaming for a long time. I selected this topic since obesity is among the health care issues increasing mortality and morbidity rates in children as its prevalence increases. Being at risk of obesity implies that school-age children will be more exposed to chronic illnesses, such as heart disease and diabetes, and reduced quality of life (Che et al., 2018; De Lorenzo et al., 2019). Such adverse health outcomes increase illness burden in health care organizations, families, and society and increase nurses’ workload. In response, nurses should explore health care issues affecting population health and directly impacting their work and provide evidence-based interventions. I found the article by Stiglic and Viner (2019) to be relevant to the issue and directly supporting the nursing practice problem. Stiglic and Viner (2019) confirmed that obesity hampers children’s well-being, and interventions such as reducing screen time effectively reduce obesity rates. To improve health outcomes, nurses can also help patients and families to understand the risks of obesity and educate them on the recommended amount of screen time for children while encouraging parents to regulate the time that children spend on the screens.

Part II: In the table below, describe the population and the intervention. (You will continue drafting the PICOT, completing the shaded areas in Topic 3.)

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment
NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment
PICOT Question
P Population School-age children with obesity

Obesity among school-age children has reached epidemic levels in the United States. De Lorenzo et al. (2019) described obesity as significant public health concern since it affects the physical, psychological, and cardiovascular health of the affected populations. Data from 2015-2016 shows that 1 in 5 children in the United States aged 6 to 19 years has obesity, and the rate has tripled since the 1970s (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Risk factors include poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, genetics, and negative childhood events. Therefore, immediate, evidence-based, and population-driven interventions are necessary to reduce the surging rates.

I Intervention Reducing screen time

Increased screen time is among the unhealthy lifestyles reducing the level of physical activity among school-age children. According to Robinson et al. (2017), screen media exposure increases obesity levels by encouraging more eating while viewing, reducing sleep duration, and increasing the possibility of taking sugary and low-nutrient foods. In addition, more screen time also exposes children to marketing that influences their eating habits and preferences. As a result, reducing screen time is a perfect intervention to keep children from these dangers to reduce obesity incidence.

C Comparison
O Outcome
T Timeframe
PICOT  

 

 

Problem Statement  

 

 

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment References

Cha, E. M., Hoelscher, D. M., Ranjit, N., Chen, B., Gabriel, K. P., Kelder, S., & Saxton, D. L. (2018). Peer reviewed: Effect of media use on adolescent body weight. Preventing Chronic Disease15. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.180206

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, Sep 18). Obesity. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/obesity/index.htm

De Lorenzo, A., Gratteri, S., Gualtieri, P., Cammarano, A., Bertucci, P., & Di Renzo, L. (2019). Why primary obesity is a disease?. Journal of Translational Medicine17(1), 1-13. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12967-019-1919-y

Robinson, T. N., Banda, J. A., Hale, L., Lu, A. S., Fleming-Milici, F., Calvert, S. L., & Wartella, E. (2017). Screen media exposure and obesity in children and adolescents. Pediatrics140(Suppl 2), S97–S101. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-1758K

Stiglic, N., & Viner, R. M. (2019). Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: A systematic review of reviews. BMJ Open9(1), e023191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023191

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

PICOT (Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Time to achieve the outcome) is a method that helps clarify the qualities needed to create a good question out of a practice issue or problem affecting a population of focus.

The purpose of this assignment is to complete your PICOT for your selected nursing practice problem. Refer to your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identification of Nursing Practice Problem” assignment from Topic 1 to complete this assignment. If your nursing practice problem or PICOT required revision, include those revisions in this assignment. The final PICOT you develop in this assignment will provide the framework for developing your evidence-based practice project proposal. Use the “PICOT-Final” template to complete this assignment.

Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.

You are required to cite at least four peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.AttachmentsNUR-550-RS3-EBP PICOT Final.docx

 

PICOT Draft

 

Name_____________________________________

 

Part 1:

The selected nursing problem for the project is catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). CAUTIs are infections that patients develop following their insertion with urinary catheters. The issue was selected because of it is a safety and quality issue in nursing practice that is preventable (Smith et al., 2019). Statistics shows that CAUTIs affect about 11 million people in America and 150 million people globally annualy. The statistics make CAUTIs the leading type of hospital-acquired infection globally (Flores-Mireles et al., 2019). CAUTIs have adverse health effects. They act as a source of immense disease burden to the population due to their associated costs. CAUTs prolonge the patients’ hospital stay, demand for specialized care, which increase unnecessary costs for them. CAUTIs may also result in complications such as septicemia, which can lead to death. The risk factors associated with CAUTIs include the use of septic techniques, prolonged catheterization, and poor catheter care by the nurses and other healthcare providers. The topic of CAUTIs is relevant to nursing practice because nurses are primarily involved urinary catheter insertion, care, and removal. The actions they take determine the predisposition of patients to urinary tract infections following catheterization (Podkovik et al., 2019). Therefore, the problem should examined to inform the utilization of best practices in catheter insertion, care, and removal.

 

 

Part II: In the table below, describe the population and the intervention. (You will continue drafting the PICOT, completing the shaded areas in Topic 3.)

PICOT Question
P Population Patients being catheterized
I Intervention Use of bundled intervention
C Comparison Usual care
O Outcome Reduction in CAUTIS rate by at least 50%
T Timeframe Eight months
PICOT Among patients requiring urinary catheterization in the medical and surgical ward, does the use of bundled intervention as compared to usual care result in at least 50% reduction in CAUTIs within eight months?

 

 

Problem Statement CAUTIs are among the crucial hospital acquired infections with a high prevalence in hospitalized patients. According to evidence, CAUTIs account for 40% of the hospital acquired infections globally. CAUTIs is a considerable public health problem in the USA, with more than 30 million Foley catheters being used annually in hospitals and other healthcare settings (Flores-Mireles et al., 2019). The risk of patients developing CAUTIs largely depend on the duration of catheterization. The risk increses by 3-7% each day following the insertion of a urinary catheter. CAUTIs are associated with adverse health outcomessuch as bacteremia, bladder changes, squamous carcinoma, and cystitis granularis. Patients also incus significant healthcare costs due to prolonged hospitalization and complex care needs (Podkovik et al., 2019). The practice site has experience a rise in CAUTIs. However, an evidence-based intervention has not been adopted for use in CAUTIs prevention and minimization in the organization. The use of bundled interventions have gained popularity over the past years in preventing and minimizing CAUTIs among hospitalized patients. The interventions promote the consistent use of best practices to optimize outcomes such s safety and quality in catheter insertion, care, and removal (Shadle et al., 2021). Despite this, the organization has not considered such an intervention, hence, the focus of the proposed project.

 

 

 

 

 

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment References

Flores-Mireles, A., Hreha, T. N., & Hunstad, D. A. (2019). Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Prevention of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 25(3), 228–240. https://doi.org/10.1310/sci2503-228

Podkovik, S., Toor, H., Gattupalli, M., Kashyap, S., Brazdzionis, J., Patchana, T., Bonda, S., Wong, S., Kang, C., Mo, K., Wacker, M. R., Miulli, D. E., & Wang, S. (2019). Prevalence of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Neurosurgical Intensive Care Patients—The Overdiagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections. Cureus, 11(8), e5494. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.5494 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.010

Shadle, H. N., Sabol, V., Smith, A., Stafford, H., Thompson, J. A., & Bowers, M. (2021). A Bundle-Based Approach to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in the Intensive Care Unit. Critical Care Nurse, 41(2), 62–71. https://doi.org/10.4037/ccn2021934

Smith, D. R. M., Pouwels, K. B., Hopkins, S., Naylor, N. R., Smieszek, T., & Robotham, J. V. (2019). Epidemiology and health-economic burden of urinary-catheter-associated infection in English NHS hospitals: A probabilistic modelling study. The Journal of Hospital Infection, 103(1), 44–54.

 

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

Title: NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NUR-550 NUR-550-O503 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: PICOT 75.0

Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less Than Satisfactory (80.00%) Satisfactory (88.00%) Blank (92.00%) Blank (100.00%)
Content 100.0%
Population (Revision) 7.0% The population is not described, or the required revisions were not made for the population description. NA Revisions were made accordingly for the population description, but some information or detail is needed for accuracy or clarity. NA The population is thoroughly and accurately described. No revision was needed. NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

Intervention (Revision) 8.0% The proposed intervention is not described, or the required revisions were not made for the described intervention. NA Revisions were made accordingly for the proposed intervention, but some information or detail is needed for accuracy or clarity. NA The proposed intervention is clearly described and relevant to the nursing practice problem and population. No revision was needed. NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment Comparison 10.0% A description of the comparison information is not included. A description of the comparison information is incomplete or incorrect. A description of the comparison information is included but lacks evidence and measurable outcomes. A description of the comparison information is complete and includes sufficient evidence and measurable outcomes. A description of the comparison information is extremely thorough with substantial evidence and measurable outcomes.

Outcome 10.0% A description of the outcome is not included. A description of the outcome is not included. A description of the outcome is included but lacks evidence. A description of the outcome is complete and includes sufficient evidence. A description of the outcome is extremely thorough with substantial evidence. NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment

Timeline 10.0% A description of the timeline is not included. A description of the timeline is incomplete or incorrect. A description of the timeline is included but lacks evidence. A description of the timelines is complete and includes sufficient evidence. A description of the timeline is extremely thorough with substantial evidence.

PICOT 20.0% The PICOT statement is omitted. The PICOT statement is incomplete. The PICOT statement is presented but there some inaccuracies. The PICOT statement is presented. Some detail is needed. The PICOT statement concisely and accurately describes the problem.

Problem Statement 20.0% A problem statement is not included. The problem statement is incomplete. The problem statement is generally presented. There are some inaccuracies. More support is needed to justify or rationalize the problem. The problem statement is presented. Adequate support is provided to justify or rationalize the problem. The problem statement concisely describes the issue using strong support to rationalize and justify the problem.

Required Sources 5.0% Sources are not included. Number of required sources is only partially met. Number of required sources is met, but sources are outdated or inappropriate. Number of required sources is met. Sources are current, but not all sources are appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content. Number of required resources is met. Sources are current and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Topic 3 DQ 1

Discuss the ethical guidelines that would need to be implemented when conducting translational research. What are the ethical and legal considerations related to translating research into practice? Discuss what steps you would take as a member of a translational research team in order to establish ethical guidelines for conducting translational research.

Under FDA regulations, an Institutional Review Board is group that has been formally designated to review and monitor biomedical research involving human subjects. The purpose of IRB review is to assure, both in advance and by periodic review, that appropriate steps are taken to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating as subjects in the research. To accomplish this purpose, IRBs use a group process to review research protocols and related materials (e.g., informed consent documents and investigator brochures) to ensure protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects of research (FDA, n.d).

From a public health perspective, it is important to recognize an ethical standard that respects community autonomy. This standard can be achieved by requiring community collaboration (ie, at a minimum, establishing a community advisory board) to protect against exploiting vulnerable populations, to ensure fair terms of cooperation, to ratify that the interventions to be tested are acceptable to community members, and to minimize potential misunderstandings about the research. Such community advisory boards should have responsibility for determining whether the research goals are valuable to local community members and the methods are acceptable before the research is allowed to proceed (Buchanan & Miller, 2006).

In this era of translational research, social injustice is one of the crucial ethical concerns. Resource-rich countries conducting translational medical research in resource-poor countries are common and if the results of the research are not expected to be beneficial/less beneficial to the resource-poor country, then arises the issue of social injustice and disparity. Examples include research undertaken on diseases that are rare or the resulting intervention/product is too expensive to implement, in developing countries (Mandal et al., 2017).

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment References

Buchanan, D. R., & Miller, F. G. (2006). A public health perspective on research ethics. Journal of medical ethics32(12), 729–733. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.2006.015891

Mandal, J., Ponnambath, D. K., & Parija, S. C. (2017). Ethics of translational medical research. Tropical parasitology7(2), 62–64. https://doi.org/10.4103/tp.TP_47_17

FDA (n.d). Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Protection of Human Subjects in Clinical Trials. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/about-fda/center-drug-evaluation-and-research-cder/institutional-review-boards-irbs-and-protection-human-subjects-clinical-trials

NUR 550 Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal PICOT Assignment RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

Hello Ngozi,

I agree with you that it the institutional review board (IRB) is mandated to carry out assessment and standardization of any biomedical or biotechnological research that works with human subjects. One of the key pillars considered by the IRB is the autonomy of the subjects. It is imperative to have a research framework that is built on community engagement and participation at free will without coercion or intimidation (Das & Sil, 2017). The information shared to the subjects should be truthful and no crucial information should be obstructed or hidden from them. Additionally, the research project should be of general good and valuable to the entire pubic. Clinical trials procedure should be strictly adhered to and the human trials should only be used at the appropriate stage and only on volunteers who have not been pushed to take part because of being taken advantage of or being paid in order to take part. It should be out of their self-consciousness and willingness (Landray et al., 2017).

References

Landray, M. J., Bax, J. J., Alliot, L., Buyse, M., Cohen, A., Collins, R., Hindricks, G., James, S. K., Lane, S., Maggioni, A. P., Meeker-O’Connell, A., Olsson, G., Pocock, S. J., Rawlins, M., Sellors, J., Shinagawa, K., Sipido, K. R., Smeeth, L., Stephens, R., & Stewart, M. W. (2017). Improving public health by improving clinical trial guidelines and their application. European Heart Journal, 38(21), 1632–1637. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehx086

Das, N., & Sil, A. (2017). Evolution of ethics in clinical research and ethics committee. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 62(4), 373. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.ijd_271_17

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The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.

Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.

If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.

I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.

As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.

Communication

Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:

Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.

Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

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Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource