How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513

How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513

How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513


Re: Topic 1 DQ 1

The advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) has seemed to evolve based on shortages and demands of the population within our healthcare system. Deficits have expanded many nursing roles, leading to the need to define the nursing scope of practice and educational requirements. The traditional four roles of APRN, nurse practitioner (NP), certified nurse-midwife (CNM), certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA), and clinical nurse specialist (CNS); have all grown exponentially since the 20th century (DeNisco & Baker, 2016). These four roles all seemed to have stemmed from disparities in our healthcare system, whether it be a shortage of physicians, under-severed rural areas, vulnerable populations, or times of war. A great example of this is the advancements within the CRNA field. CRNAs were initially brought about during World War I due to a physician shortage during wartimes (DeNisco & Baker, 2016). The continuation of wars through United States history gave the CRNA field a strong foothold as a chief provider of anesthetics to the frontline. This expansion of the nursing scope of practice in anesthetics eventually led to credentialing and the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) to monitor and regulate this growing field (DeNisco & Baker, 2016). Similarly, the growth and expansion of the other original APRN roles through the end of the 20th and 21st century required the nursing field to define graduate-level educational requirements and each specialty’s nursing role. The transformation of traditional APRN roles has now begun to open doorways for other nontraditional advanced practice nursing areas like public health nursing, clinical nurse leaders, nurse administrators, nursing research, and nurse educators.

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DeNisco and Baker do a great job of laying out the ongoing evolution and need of the APRN role in the American healthcare system

and the need for more advanced practice educators to sustain the APRN field’s continuous growth (2016). With a growing and aging population and a continuing shortage of physicians, the APRN roles offer a cost-effective solution that can also improve patient satisfaction (DeNisco & Baker, 2016). I will say that this week’s reading has made the decision to continue my education in nursing even more appealing and necessary. how the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513

How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513 References

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. ISBN-13: 9781284072570

Re: Topic 1 DQ 1

Hello G…,

I agree with your statement that the advanced nurse practice numbers have soared high in the 21st century compared by the 20th century. The current Covid-19 pandemic has however, proved that health and wellness is a collective responsibility (Kovac, 2020). In this context both the patient and the nurse are at risk of contracting the disease regardless of age, gender or religious underpinnings hence adequate precautionary measures should be taken. The advanced nursing role has taken up active role in preventive measures of the disease by offering the routine guidelines of hygiene the emerging trends in the spread and severity of the disease. The concept of preventive care is one of the key pillars in the patient protection and well-being. The advanced nurse role requires the nurses to carry out educational programs, seminars and workshops that are meant to help the public on the need of maintaining our bodies for optimal health and reduced chances of hospitalization. The one situation where the advanced nurses’ practitioners have shown resilience is the tackling of the covid-19 pandemic. Countries that embraced strict, firm and taken early hard precautionary measures have known to be safer with very low reported cases in the country (Trnka et al., 2021). how the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513

How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513 References

Kovac, M. (2020). The Covid-19 pandemic: collective action and European public policy under stress. Central European Journal of Public Policy0(0).

Trnka, S., Long, N. J., Aikman, P. J., Appleton, N. S., Davies, S. G., Deckert, A., Fehoko, E., Holroyd, E., Jivraj, N., Laws, M., Martin-Anatias, N., Roguski, M., Simpson, N., Sterling, R., & Tunufa’i, L. (2021). Negotiating risks and responsibilities during lockdown: ethical reasoning and affective experience in Aotearoa New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 1–20.

Re: Topic 1 DQ 1

Hi G..,

I think you bring up a great point in regards to your comment stating, “With a growing and aging population and a continuing shortage of physicians, the APRN roles offer a cost-effective solution that can also improve patient satisfaction (DeNisco & Baker, 2016).” According to the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (2013), schooling for nurse practitioners cost 20-25 percent less than that of an MD or DO. Could that potentially be why we are seeing a shortage of physicians? Not only that, but the cost of a physician NP team working at a long-term care facility was 42 percent lower than a team of physicians only. In addition to the cost-effectiveness, the physician NP teams also had lower rates of emergency room transfers and hospital stays were also decreased. I definitely believe that the future of healthcare will be nurse practitioners. My sister-in-law worked as a pediatrician in Tennessee but unfortunately was phased out due to the growing need for NPs and how cost-effective they are. Great post!

Nurse Practitioner Cost Effectiveness. American Association of Nurse Practitioners.

Re: Topic 1 DQ 1

The transformation of advanced registered nurse scope of practice has greatly evolved over time. Expectations have also expanded as well as the educational preparation in each nursing specialty. The role of nurse practitioners in the 20th century was born out of shortage of primary care physicians able to serve pediatric population (DeNisco & Barker, 2016). In contrast with the 21st century, the versatility of the role along with strong roots in health promotion, patient education and interprofessional (team) practice, allow nurse practitioners to successfully function in a wide variety of practice settings that care for individuals across the lifespan (Granger, 2017). This indicates how over time the role has greatly evolved from catering to just the younger population to a now diverse group of patients, that covers pediatric and gerontology, along with another specialty focusing on mental health.

Emergence of new nursing roles will arise considering the changes that are unprecedented in today’s health care system in the United States. In the past, the focus was mainly on the disease process itself, which mainly deals the curative aspect of care. Today, preventive measures have been greatly emphasized with greater accessibility to primary care services, such as telemedicine and e-visits, with the convenience of accessing through your mobile device. As the health care system advances through the use of technology (e.g., online messaging systems, electronic medical records) so does the roles of nursing will continue to adapt to these changes. Recently, new roles to serve as coordinators of care, such as nurse navigators and healthcare coaches may require advanced degrees and certification in the future (DeNisco & Barker, 2016).

How the role of advanced registered nurse transformed over time NUR 513 References

DeNisco, S.M. & Barker, A.M. (2016). Advanced practice nursingEssential knowledge for the profession

(3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.


Granger, T. (2017). Nurse practitioners: A look back and moving forward. USC Suzanne Dworak- Peck School of Social

Work. back-and-moving-forward

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For assignments that need to be submitted to Lopes Write, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.

Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.

Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?

Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.

Late Policy

The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.

Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.

If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.

I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.

As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.


Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:

Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.

Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.

Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

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Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource