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BEHS 343 Week 3: Ethical and Practical Issues in Early Childhood
BEHS 343 Week 3 Ethical and Practical Issues in Early Childhood
Genetic testing, especially in the study of human genome has over the decades provided evidence on the prevention of certain ailments that would otherwise be inherited from one generation to the other. However, despite the innumerable benefits of such tests, what continues to puzzle many resonates on the period when such tests should be done and the particular people with absolute rights to receive such results (Eeltink et al., 2021). Ethically, genetic testing would be beneficial to patients especially when results can enable such clients to alter their lifestyles as a way to reduce the chances of developing a disorder. For instance, the APOE gene is directly associated with health risk for developing high cholesterol levels in blood, and therefore the at-risk patients with such genes would be advised to check their diets as a remedy to cardiovascular disorder (Manzini et al., 2021). However, despite the benefits of such tests, it would be prudent to inform the concerned patients before the test and the need to counsel them about the outcomes considering that it is their property.
Apart from genetic testing, the other issue of concern entails the use of technology as a way to assess brain development in childhood.
The use of technology can be an incredible method to assess human mental status and predict future well-being of an individual (Austin, 2020). On the contrary, accurate brain-imaging techniques need to be taken into account to ensure that the data on brain development detects the unconscious behavior of a child or a person towards a given action (Bang et al., 2021). That notwithstanding, consumers of such data on brain status need to use them sparingly so that they do not infringe on the rights of those suspected of brain development issues. For example, brain assessment that result in autism should be used to assist children with development challenges to have a dignified life instead of mocking such children for their cognitive insufficiency.
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BEHS 343 Week 3: Ethical and Practical Issues in Early Childhood References
Austin, J. C. (2020). Evidence-based genetic counseling for psychiatric disorders: A road map. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 10(6), a036608. https://doi.org/10.1101/cshperspect.a036608
Bang, S., Lee, S., Choi, N., & Kim, H. N. (2021). Emerging Brain‐Pathophysiology‐Mimetic Platforms for Studying Neurodegenerative Diseases: Brain Organoids and Brains‐on‐a‐Chip. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 10(12), 2002119. https://doi.org/10.1002/adhm.202002119
Eeltink, E., Van der Horst, M. Z., Zinkstok, J. R., Aalfs, C. M., & Luykx, J. J. (2021). Polygenic risk scores for genetic counseling in psychiatry: lessons learned from other fields of medicine. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 121, 119-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.11.021
Manzini, A., Jones, E. J., Charman, T., Elsabbagh, M., Johnson, M. H., & Singh, I. (2021). Ethical dimensions of translational developmental neuroscience research in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 62(11), 1363-1373. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13494
Choose any ONE topic for your main response from the 2 options below.
What ethical and/or practical issues are associated with the following parenting topics: genetic testing, interaction between cognitive and and social/emotional development, use of technology to look inside brain development, media use in children? Select two topics to discuss and provide your viewpoints, but remember to substantiate your views with supportive evidence.
You may use the weekly resources or any properly cited external resource to support your response.
For parents of young children, choosing the childcare options such as daycare and preschool that best serves their children is an important decision that impacts their children’s healthy start to an education The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has a helpful set of tips and tools that can help when choosing the right preschool program. Read this article from the AAP and share the key takeaways from the article, including good indicators of high quality and resources that can help in choosing a high quality program.