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Assignment: Emerging Technologies in Health Essay

Assignment: Emerging Technologies in Health Essay

 

Speed in prompt care depends on quality of care leveraged on personnel and medical products. Today, the American health care systems grapples with incidences of medical errors which results in deaths of patients. More than 250,000 patients die from medical errors annually in America alone (Beane, 2018). The incidences are related to wrong prescriptions as well as inaccurate medical procedures. Surgeries are among the medical therapies which physicians and care providers administer to offer relief to patients. Successful surgical procure is an art based on skills and precision. The anatomic representation of human is unique and surgeons performing incisions may falter in accuracy.

Clinical Problem: Tissue trauma from surgical procedures

The processes entail incisions of blood vessels embedded on body tissues which results intense pain. The procedures require use anesthesia but this depends on frequency and severity of the infection. Patients may also be sedated by opium therapies as a remedy to intense pain. Surgical procedures demand accurate anatomical knowledge by the physician but errors have often been noted and this impairs prognosis. The incidences of medical problems in a surgical site are more than the injury related to surgical cases (Pagliarini & Lund, 2017).  Surgical sites may also be subjected to bacterial infections and other wound sepsis. Incisions of wrong sites can lead to profuse bleeding which can affect the physiological state of the patient. Surgeries include operative procedures such as amputations of the extremities, removal of objects in body surfaces and excision of tumors in body tissues.Wrong-site, wrong-procedure and wrong patient are major errors associated with surgeries (Mittal & Gopinath, 2014).

It is the mandate of the surgical subspecialties in care facilities to develop training guidelines on surgical procedures. Redundant systems in hospitals must be put in place to decrease patient errors related to surgeries. In adequate financial resources can lead to use of old techniques in surgical operations in a health facility. Latest surgical tools are expensive. Facilities operating on tight budget cuts maintains the old and inefficient tools. Surgery may result in readmissions to a care facility and often leads to increase in length of stay in these facilities.

Technology: Robotic Surgery

Ever since the discovery that surgical approaches can correct certain ailments, various tools have been advanced. Surgical techniques have been developed to improve surgery operations and also develop safer approaches intended to improve patient care (Beane, 2018). One of these methods in development has seen the use of robotic surgery and laparoscopy for the correction of certain maladies. The procedures takes relatively short period of time, and allows patients and surgeons to realize improvements in care. The method focuses on the use of smart instruments with intent to reduce training required by surgeons. Robotic surgical machines have been tested to affirm their effectiveness. Since inception, the systems have been experimented on adults and children. Experiments such as the robotic pediatric neurogenic bladder were performed in a 10 year old girl in 2008. Further advancement in technology has led to the innovation of robotic systems such as the da-Vinci robotic surgical system in 5th January 2009. The appliance is considered one of the latest technological advancement and it has been used for operations in oncology and gynecology as from 25th January 2009.

Applicable theory for the selected Technology

Robotic surgery should have the greatest benefit to high number of people within the society. Human factor theory by Dr. Russell Ferrell is used in this selected technology. The benefits in the adoption of the approach should supersede the risk of outcomes. This theory states that accidents are the result of a casual chain, one or more of the causes being human error, which is in turn caused by three situations – overload, incompatibility and improper activities (Randel et al., 2015). Considerably, the aspect of robotic surgery should embrace the concept of time and availability. Robotic surgery should take the shortest time possible compared to the open surgery. Besides, the machines for the surgery should be readily available and the costs affordable to the patients (Randel et al., 2015). The benefits for the adoption of the approach should have minimal or limited pain to patients compared to the traditional open surgery.

How the Technology Assist in Resolving the Clinical Problem

In the operating room (OR), correct placement of surgical instruments is key to ensure precision in the procedure. Robotic surgical systems have articulating robotic arms which surgeons use to perform medical procedures (García-Sánchez et al., 2017). Use of high definition cameras enable surgeons to have close view of areas that they are not able to see in an open surgical procedure. This ensures accuracy in the management of infections or incisions. da Vinci Surgical System offer 3-Dimensional view of the operating field

Assignment Emerging Technologies in Health Essay

Assignment Emerging Technologies in Health Essay

together with real depth perception and a stationary camera which is directly controlled by operating surgeon and not an assistant. The robotic system has three cable-driven working arms that is readily available for exposure as well as traction and thus allows seven degrees of freedom when compared to the dexterity of human hand (Mittal & Gopinath, 2014). Hence, the system offers precision during operation as well as tremor filtration together with a comfortable and ergonomic position during the entire period of surgery. Its effectiveness has seen the adoption of the system in laparoscopy, urology and prostatectomy procedures. Moreover, the technique has been used in pediatric, thoracoscopy, gynecology, cardiotomy and revascularization procedures.

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Strengths of Robotic Surgery

Social impacts on the use of surgical robots incline to their effectiveness in improving accuracy compared to the open surgical operations. In turn, the complications, as well as pain associated with surgery, are remarkably reduced. The robotic-assisted surgery utilizes smaller incisions hence operations are significantly safer due to less blood loss, less scary to patients as well as reduced risk of infection when compared to open surgery (Pagliarini & Lund, 2017). However, the duration of the hospital stays as well reduced as the instances of prolonged pain are minimized by use of these technological breakthroughs in surgical operations.

Weakness of Robotic Surgery

Use of robotic surgery comes with additional cost implications, especially to the health facilities. Purchasing and the cost of maintenance for the machines used in robotic surgery may be unbearable to the health facility (Pagliarini & Lund, 2017). The latest robotic surgery systems are estimated to be up to $ 1million with an approximately $100,000 cost of annual maintenance. This implies that not all health facilities in the world will be able to procure the technology (Randel et al., 2015). Notably, the facilities having the latest robotic surgery technology will undoubtedly, translate the cost to the patients and hence clients will incur additional expenses for the operations.

Conclusion

Robotic surgery systems altering the intensity of pain related to traumas in acute and chronic injuries. This is due to a perceived reduction in pain as well as bleeding from complications arising from the use of the advanced system. The appliances can also be used to reduce incidences of misdiagnosis and intense suffering in patients. This leads to improved trust in health facilities, especially, those involving surgery. However, training of surgeons and clear operation protocols need to be established on the use of the robotic surgery systems.

From the electronic health record (EHR) to nanotechnology to 3-D printers and beyond, there are an increasing number of useful and innovative technologies being used in health care settings that have an important role in linking and organizing care and information. For this assignment, you will create a slide presentation to present to administrators and nurses providing direct patient care.

General Requirements:

Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.
Use primary sources published within the last 5 years. Provide citations and references for all sources used.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
Directions:

Your presentation must include the following elements:

Identify and provide a brief description of a clinical problem.
Identify a technology that can improve patient outcomes for that clinical problem.
Select a theory to guide the presentation and discuss why this theory is applicable.
Address how the technology you have identified will assist in resolving the clinical problem.
Potential strengths and limitations of the technology selected.
Use PowerPoint to create your slide presentation. Your slide presentation must contain a title slide, 12-15 slides of content, and a References slide. Use evidence to support your claims. A minimum of five references using APA style must be used. Speaker\’s notes must be included for each individual slide (add a speaker notes section to demonstrate the verbal speech you would give along with each slide).

Presentation Tips:

Text slides are not meant to be read by the speaker, but by the audience. Lettering should generally be limited to four lines and should never be more than seven, including the title.

It is advisable not to use more than eight words per line.
Avoid too much detail and resist the temptation to overload the presentation with information.
Avoid jargon and abbreviations, unless they are clear to all the audience.
Aim at the average person in the audience.
Use plain English.

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Rubric Criteria

Total70 points

Criterion

1. Unsatisfactory

2. Less Than Satisfactory

3. Satisfactory

4. Good

5. Excellent

Layout

Layout

0 points

The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings, and subheadings to enhance the readability. The text is extremely difficult to read with long blocks of text, small point size for fonts, and inappropriate contrasting colors. Poor use of headings, subheadings, indentations, or bold formatting is evident.

2.8 points

The layout shows some structure, but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or a distracting background. Overall readability is difficult due to lengthy paragraphs, too many different fonts, dark or busy background, overuse of bold, or lack of appropriate indentations of text.

3.08 points

The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately. Sometimes the fonts are easy to read, but in a few places the use of fonts, italics, bold, long paragraphs, color, or busy background detracts and does not enhance readability.

3.22 points

The layout background and text complement each other and enable the content to be easily read. The fonts are easy to read and point size varies appropriately for headings and text.

3.5 points

The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space. Text is appropriate in length for the target audience and to the point. The background and colors enhance the readability of the text.

Presentation of Content

Presentation of Content

0 points

The content lacks a clear point of view and logical sequence of information. Includes little persuasive information. Sequencing of ideas is unclear.

2.8 points

The content is vague in conveying a point of view and does not create a strong sense of purpose. Includes some persuasive information.

3.08 points

The presentation slides are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization or in their relationships to each other.

3.22 points

The content is written with a logical progression of ideas and supporting information exhibiting a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Includes persuasive information from reliable sources.

3.5 points

The content is written clearly and concisely. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The project includes motivating questions and advanced organizers. The project gives the audience a clear sense of the main idea.

Discussion of Potential Strengths and Limitations of the Technology

Discussion of Potential Strengths and Limitations of the Technology

0 points

Discussion of the potential strengths and limitations of the technology is not present.

5.6 points

Discussion of the potential strengths and limitations of the technology is present but incomplete.

6.16 points

Discussion of the potential strengths and limitations of the technology is present but done at a perfunctory level.

6.44 points

Discussion of the potential strengths and limitations of the technology is convincing. Information presented is from scholarly though dated sources.

7 points

Discussion of the potential strengths and limitations of the technology is insightful and forward-thinking. Information presented is from current scholarly sources.

Documentation of Sources

Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style)

0 points

Sources are not documented.

5.6 points

Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors.

6.16 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present.

6.44 points

Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct.

7 points

Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.

Applicable Theory to Guide Presentation

Applicable Theory to Guide Presentation

0 points

Discussion of applicable theory to guide presentation is not present.

8.4 points

Discussion of applicable theory to guide presentation is present but incomplete.

9.24 points

Discussion of applicable theory to guide presentation is present but done at a perfunctory level.

9.66 points

Discussion of applicable theory to guide presentation is convincing. Information presented is from scholarly though dated sources.

10.5 points

Discussion of applicable theory to guide presentation is insightful and forward-thinking. Information presented is from current scholarly sources.

How the Technology Will Assist in Resolving the Select Clinical Problem

How the Technology Will Assist in Resolving the Select Clinical Problem

0 points

Discussion of how the technology will assist in resolving the select clinical problem is not present.

8.4 points

Discussion of how the technology will assist in resolving the select clinical problem is present but incomplete.

9.24 points

Discussion of how the technology will assist in resolving the select clinical problem is present but done at a perfunctory level.

9.66 points

Discussion of how the technology will assist in resolving the select clinical problem is convincing. Information presented is from scholarly though dated sources.

10.5 points

Discussion of how the technology will assist in resolving the select clinical problem is insightful and forward-thinking. Information presented is from current scholarly sources.

Language Use and Audience Awareness (includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.)

Language Use and Audience Awareness (includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.)

0 points

Inappropriate word choice and lack of variety in language use are evident. Writer appears to be unaware of audience. Use of primer prose indicates writer either does not apply figures of speech or uses them inappropriately.

2.8 points

Some distracting inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. The writer exhibits some lack of control in using figures of speech appropriately.

3.08 points

Language is appropriate to the targeted audience for the most part.

3.22 points

The writer is clearly aware of audience, uses a variety of appropriate vocabulary for the targeted audience, and uses figures of speech to communicate clearly.

3.5 points

The writer uses a variety of sentence constructions, figures of speech, and word choice in distinctive and creative ways that are appropriate to purpose, discipline, and scope.

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use)

0 points

Slide errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning.

5.6 points

Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader.

6.16 points

Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader.

6.44 points

Slides are largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present.

7 points

Writer is clearly in control of standard, written, academic English.

Brief Description of Clinical Problem

Brief Description of Clinical Problem

0 points

Brief description of clinical problem is not present.

5.6 points

Brief description of clinical problem is present but incomplete.

6.16 points

Brief description of clinical problem is present but done at a perfunctory level.

6.44 points

Brief description of clinical problem is convincing. Information presented is from scholarly though dated sources.

7 points

Brief description of clinical problem is insightful and forward-thinking. Information presented is from current scholarly sources.

Problem-Specific Technology to Improve Patient Outcomes

Problem-Specific Technology to Improve Patient Outcomes

0 points

Discussion of a problem-specific technology to improve patient outcomes is not present.

8.4 points

Discussion of a problem-specific technology to improve patient outcomes is present but incomplete.

9.24 points

Discussion of a problem-specific technology to improve patient outcomes is present but done at a perfunctory level.

9.66 points

Discussion of a problem-specific technology to improve patient outcomes is convincing. Information presented is from scholarly though dated sources.

10.5 points

Discussion of a problem-specific technology to improve patient outcomes is insightful and forward-thinking. Information presented is from current scholarly sources.

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