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PSY 3400 Critical Features of Biology Regarding Sensation Essay
PSY 3400 Critical Features of Biology Regarding Sensation Essay
- The major theories associated with perception
- Critical features of biology and physiology regarding sensation and perception
- Articulate the connection between biology, physiology, and the environment
- Processes associated with the perception of color, brightness, and contrast
- Processes involved with perceiving objects, forms, depth, size, movement, and events
- Critical elements involved with sound, localization, speech, and pitch perception
- Cutaneous and chemical sensations in the process of perception
- The influence of environmental context (e.g., geography) on perception
Perception Annotated Bibliography
Odegaard, B., Knight, R. T., & Lau, H. (2017). Should a few null findings falsify prefrontal theories of conscious perception? Journal of Neuroscience, 37(40), 9593-9602. This paper holds that despite the overwhelming research on perception, individuals still do not clearly understand its basics. This paper provides two theories that not only discuss the basics of sensory and perception but also delve more and analyze their specifics.The paper argues that there are two main theories of perception the first is dissonance, and the second is cognitive theory. The two theories provide in-depth insights into the intricate problems that define how humans interact with the environment. The paper shows that human sensory activities are linked to cultural, emotional, cognitive economics, among other factors.
Pace-Schott, E. F., Amole, M. C., Aue, T., Balconi, M., Bylsma, L. M., Critchley, H., & VanElzakker, M. B. (2019). Physiological feelings. Neuroscience & Bio behavioral Reviews, 103, 267-304. According to Pace-Schott et.al 2019, the critical feature that determines what human perceive and what they do not perceive include signal detection, selective attention, and sensory adaptation.These factors are incredibly significant to the extent that scholars have formulated theories regarding them. In this regard, the theories highlight how our life experiences, cultural prejudices, values, and beliefs affect our perceptions. Despite the differences between theories on this matter, they all agree on paramount aspects. This paper aims to show how the theories concur that sensation is the physical worlds’ input that our sensor receptors receive.
Michael, J., Cliff, W., McFarland, J., Modell, H., & Wright, A. (2017). What Are the Core Concepts of Physiology? In The core concepts of physiology (pp. 27-36). Springer, New York, NY. This paper maintains that there is a direct connection between physiology biology and the environment. An effect on either of the three aspects directly leads to the modification of the others. Physiology, also referred to as the science of life, is, in fact, a branch of biology. In this case, they both show the human’s mechanisms of living from the cells function to the whole body. It is these mechanisms that affect the environment. This paper aims to show how Environmental factors, both natural and anthropogenic, greatly impact the individual’s biology and physiology. For example, temperature availability of food and other disturbance affects the daily living patterns which also modifies individual’s physiology.
Greenwood, J. A., & Parsons, M. J. (2020). Dissociable effects of visual crowding on the perception of color and motion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(14), 8196-8202. This paper scrutinizes the sensory process that affects human’s perception of color, contrast, and brightness. Besides this, it researches the monocular cues of depth size, distance, and shape. The paper holds that the hue of light color or contrast depends on the distance separating the peaks and the wavelength.Contrast and brightness, on the other hand, rely on the height of the light waves. The paper shows that all surfaces have a specific aspect known a lightness which affects how individuals perceive them as either light or dark. On another matter, the paper shows that the monocular cues of shape and size determine the depth of objects; both eyes play a crucial role in creating the stereopsis and depth perception. This paper concludes that the individual’s visual system enables them to conduct several operations, including; tracking a moving object, resolving fine detail, seeing color, and perceiving depth.
Walker, K. M., Gonzalez, R., Kang, J. Z., McDermott, J. H., & King, A. J. (2019). Across-species differences in pitch perception are consistent with differences in cochlear filtering. Elfie, 8, e41626. According to Walker et.al 2019 pitch perception, speech, localization, and sound all depend on the repetition and waveform periodicity rate. If the waveform is repeated several times, then its perceived speech or sound will consequently be high Walker et.al 2019. This article maintains that high frequencies are referred to as overtones or harmonics, and they have a crucial role in determining the pitch of the sound. In contrast to this, sounds having low frequency have a lower pitch. The article analyses different theories to show how individuals’ auditory sensory systems differentiate various pitches.
Lee, J. H., Heo, J. S., Kim, Y. J., Eom, J., Jung, H. J., Kim, J. W., … & Park, S. K. (2020). A Behavior?Learned Cross?Reactive Sensor Matrix for Intelligent Skin Perception. Advanced Materials, 32(22), 2000969. This article discusses the chemical and cutaneous sensations as well as how environmental factors influence perception. It maintains that the cutaneous receptors are located on the dermis and the epidermis, one of the somatosensory system’s parts. Examples of cutaneous receptors include thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, and nociceptors. On the other hand, chemical sensations include both gustation and olfaction. These variables are chemical sensations since they respond to food molecules and the air in the environment. On this matter, perception of the environment is the awareness and its apprehensions using our senses.This perception is influenced by several factors, including the current value orientations and past experiences. For example, we know the smell of a certain food due to our interaction with it. Environmental factors such as geography also affect our sensory perception. For example, individuals in areas with lower temperatures may not perceive it as that low than an individual from temperate regions brought to such areas.
Odegaard, B., Knight, R. T., & Lau, H. (2017). Should a few null findings falsify prefrontal theories of conscious perception? Journal of Neuroscience, 37(40), 9593-9602.
Pace-Schott, E. F., Amole, M. C., Aue, T., Balconi, M., Bylsma, L. M., Critchley, H., & VanElzakker, M. B. (2019). Physiological feelings. Neuroscience & Bio behavioral Reviews, 103, 267-304.
Michael, J., Cliff, W., McFarland, J., Modell, H., & Wright, A. (2017). What Are the Core Concepts of Physiology? In The core concepts of physiology (pp. 27-36). Springer, New York, NY.
Greenwood, J. A., & Parsons, M. J. (2020). Dissociable effects of visual crowding on the perception of color and motion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(14), 8196-8202.
Walker, K. M., Gonzalez, R., Kang, J. Z., McDermott, J. H., & King, A. J. (2019). Across-species differences in pitch perception are consistent with differences in cochlear filtering. Elife, 8, e41626.
Lee, J. H., Heo, J. S., Kim, Y. J., Eom, J., Jung, H. J., Kim, J. W., … & Park, S. K. (2020). A Behavior?Learned Cross?Reactive Sensor Matrix for Intelligent Skin Perception. Advanced Materials, 32(22), 2000969.
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Important information on Writing a Discussion Question
- Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
- There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
- Include in-text citations in your response
- Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
- Follow APA-7th edition
- Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor
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- Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
- Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
- Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
- Follow APA 7th edition
- Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
- Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
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