NURS 8002 Discussion: Ethics and the DNP-Prepared Nurse
You are likely already upholding ethics in nursing and healthcare delivery in your current nursing practice experience. As mentioned in the introduction for this week, a patient-focused approach that promotes the delivery of safe, quality, and cost-effective healthcare for promoting positive patient outcomes represents a fundamental alignment to ethical principles for the delivery of healthcare. In
your journey toward becoming a DNP-prepared nurse, you will continue to uphold ethical principles in your nursing practice and will likely continue to serve as an advocate for adhering to these principles in all you do.
In the epidemiological research involving quantitative data, planning for evaluation is in an essential stage that would ensure that the analysis presented corresponds to the objectives of the study, hypothesis, and the research questions. The application of epidemiological approaches to critically analyze population health leads to the accuracy in the outcome depending on the interventions employed. With the quantitative study, the researchers are expected to effectively use different specific research methods to analyze and interpret data and make a meaningful conclusion (Illig, 2013). Also, they are expected to design evidence-based interventions that enhance the prediction and analysis of the expected outcomes. In most cases, effective research processes require the evaluation of the results and epidemiologic studies are not different. The application of the causal models can assist in the evaluation of data analysis; also, the epidemiological data can be used to negate or substantiate the needs for the screening programs. The evaluation for the research, data analysis and presentation is critical in ensuring that data are suitable and sound as the basis for making decisions in the best intervention processes (Pyrczak, 2016). If there is a lack of evaluation of the study results, there may be certain difficulty in finding the best criteria for improving the health of a population.
The evaluation process encompasses a set of linked activities and the processes involve four main phases. The stages include planning, development, implementation, action and improvement. The above steps are designed to aid in the building of a strong foundation in the entire evaluation process. The epidemiological research is based on childhood obesity among school-going children. The study aims at establishing the nature or severity of the problem. The investigation aims at establishing the factors that contribute to the high prevalence rate of obesity among primary school children in the United States of America. The research is guided by the social-economic factors and the impacts of the environment on the development of obesity. The process of evaluation is based on the cross-sectional study design and intervention mechanisms that are supposed to be applied to determine the severity of obesity among school-going children (Chiao et al., 2015). Nurses can alleviate childhood obesity through different interventions. First, they need to encourage physical activities and effective dieting. The prevention methods will enhance healthy eating, a situation that will reduce the incidences of obesity. The evidence-based practices that can enhance safety measures to the children suffering from obesity in the health care facilities should target one major area, the prevention. The eating habits can be easily prevented if nurses have advanced knowledge of safety in the nutritional programs. From a theoretical point of view, nutritional procedures should be embraced and taught for ten months. To ensure the reduction in childhood obesity, the healthcare facility needs to improve its services by ensuring children are given the right procedure of eating as well as the advice on the physical exercises.
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In the process of undertaking the research, there is a well-stated hypothesis and research questions that guide the study. Besides, there is the research methodology that indicates the actual process that will be undertaken from data collection to analysis. Also, there are well-stated interventions mechanism that ought to be proven to ensure the adoption of best alternatives that can enhance the prevention of childhood obesity among children in primary school. In the process of data collection, there is the need to ensure that the correct variable is formulated in line with the hypothesis and the research questions. In this case, to ensure an effective outcome, the data analysis will be based on the dependent and independent variables to enhance the testing of the hypothesis to make a meaningful conclusion.
In the research, one of the main interventions for childhood obesity is impacting the lifestyle of school-going children. All processes of the study, therefore, analyze the factors that contribute to obesity. All these factors were noted in the questionnaire in the form of questions. The respondents can, therefore, answer the questions honestly based on their perceptions. According to the hypothesis, the research is expected to reveal that childhood obesity mainly results from lifestyle preferences. The result can then be used to improve the health of the population through inventing measures and practices that can prevent obesity among school-going children. The planning process involves the identification of the research design and this is often dictated by the whole process of the research and the expected outcome.
The evaluation of the outcome will be based on the variables used in the process of data collection. The data ought to be authentic to ensure that correct conclusion are made. To ensure the best possible outcome, there is a need for the study participants to identify the respondents, sign consent and evaluate the questions to present to them. Also, the researcher needs to stick to the research questions and the hypothesis. The socio-demographic factors of school-going children have a significant impact on the development of obesity among them (World Health Organization, 2019). To ensure that the above result is correct, the analysis needs to be conducted following the right procedures and authentic data collected from the participants. Also, because the data collected will be continuous, there is the need to conduct a normality test and ensure that the variables align with the anticipated outcome and all the information is captured in the right format.
With a strong thesis statement and the research question, the formulation of both the dependents and independent variables becomes easier and more exact. Also, the process of developing the questionnaire becomes align with the hypothesis and variables formulated so that in the process of data collection, there is accuracy in the figures collected, a situation that ensures accurate outcomes. From the research, the incidences of obesity and the specific areas where they occur can reveal the exact causes and the intervention mechanisms that can be employed to remedy the whole situation and provide a healthy life for all the school-going children (Fleiner et al., 2017). The study aims at establishing the relationship between exposure to the disease and its occurrence. The above case can be established by conducting a correlation. According to the study, if there is a strong correlation between exposure to the obesity and its occurrence, it means that to improve the health standards of children, there is the need to reduce the exposure or factors that may lead to the increase in the occurrence of the disease (Cipriani et al., 2016). Taking care of childhood obesity in schools varies depending on the healthcare facility and the nutritionist or the person offering nutritional advice. In different hospitals, there are always checks and balances characterized by regulations that ensure that nurses adhere to safety measures not only for those suffering from obesity but to the entire patients.
The anticipated result of data analysis is expected to reveal that childhood obesity mainly results from the lifestyle as well as behavioral change. In other words, there is a strong correlation between the lifestyle that an individual possesses and childhood obesity. Studies conducted in the past have demonstrated that the use of health programs that target lifestyle and behavioral change among school-going children is effective in reducing the risks and health problems of obesity. Therefore, the use of healthcare programs that target children may become the best intervention. The intervention comprises of activities that include active physical activity, drama sessions, and homework tasks that focused on healthy living, and goal setting to guide them on the process. The main outcome of focus in this research includes changes in the overall body mass index within the first 24 months of the study.
The Pearson correlation techniques, Analysis of variance, and student t-test will be some of the best methods to show the correlation between the variables and the relationships that exist between them. In the end, there will be the establishment of accurate results to be used in the decision-making processes. The main result of the study based on the hypothesis is that the instances of obesity among the school-going children are based on the socio-demographic factors. Therefore, there is a need to ensure that there are culture or behavior changes to prevent the rising rate of obese children in primary and secondary schools.
Chiao, C. Y., Wu, H. S., & Hsiao, C. Y. (2015). Caregiver burden for informal caregivers of patients with dementia: A systematic review. International Nursing Review, 62(3), 340-350. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12194
Cipriani, G., Lucetti, C., Danti, S., Carlesi, C., & Nuti, A. (2016). Violent and criminal manifestations in dementia patients. Geriatrics & gerontology international, 16(5), 541-549. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12608
Fleiner, T., Leucht, S., Foerstl, H., Zijlstra, W., & Haussermann, P. (2017). Effects of short-term exercise interventions on behavioral and psychological symptoms in patients with dementia:Aa systematic review. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 55(4), 1583-1594. Retrieved from: https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-alzheimers-disease/jad160683
Illig, W. (2013). Statistical analysis in practice and evaluation of research results. Place of publication not identified: Grin Verlag.
Pyrczak, F. (2016). Evaluating Research in Academic Journals: A Practical Guide to Realistic Evaluation.
World Health Organization (2019). Childhood Obesity Statistics. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight