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NURS 6521 Assignment: Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

NURS 6521 Assignment: Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Off-label use is when a drug is used for an unapproved age group, an unapproved sign, an unapproved type of organization, or an unapproved dose that is not approved by the appropriate public authority, just as unlicensed use is when a prescription is used for a purpose that is not approved by the appropriate public authority. Off-label usage is generally legal, unless when it violates safety or moral standards; however, it introduces health risks and changes in legal liability. Additionally, the conditions under which off-label drug use should be encouraged for children include the absence or inaccessibility of authorized, standard, safe, and practical restorative options for a specific ailment or illness in children, as well as conflicting/absence of paediatric evidence in SmPC. Several distinct scenarios include standard treatment failure, for explicit age groups requiring elective sorts of treatment, and the absence of clinical prerequisites in explicit age groups such as infants, children, the elderly, and pregnant women, among others. (2016) (Mir & Geer).

Strategies to create it safer to drug dose and off-label use for youngsters includes:

Prescribing Appropriate Medicines

Drugs should, therefore, be used with the right dosages for the correct duration in the greatest rational way. While pediatrics is very well discipline, family doctors who may not have provided well-advanced training in this area treat most children in healthcare. This has caused the wrong diagnosis and misuse of antibiotics and other drugs. NURS 6521 Assignment: Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Designing Enhanced Pediatric Preparations

Various definitions basic for every development, which would deal with drug consistence, digestion, drug organization timing, and drug use responses.

NURS 6521 Assignment Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

NURS 6521 Assignment Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

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Improving Drug Compliance

Smell, taste, consistency, color, cost, and dosing frequency affect the compliance of the patient with the drug treatment. The spitting of

nasty medications is common amid younger children and infants. Compliance must be improved with precise drug medicine and also correct caretakers counseling managing the drug.

Educating Caretakers and Parents

In the Indian community, self-medication through parents on the recommendation of friends or relatives, traditional medicines, or another over-the-counter drug not supervised by a healthcare professional is common (Dharmapalan, 2012)

The off-label drugs which need extra attention and care are Salbutamol, Amoxicillin, and Cyclizine.

Salbutamol utilized in the COPD and “asthma treatment” is a choosy short-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist. It relaxes the muscles in the lungs, small air passages walls. This supports to open the airlines and assistances relieve puffed cough, and chest tension to easily respire. It’s named a reliever drug or “short-acting” bronchodilator. NURS 6521 Assignment: Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Amoxicillin prescribes by the doctor if the child has a bacterial infection and also recommends its dosage. This drug is an antibiotic that is prescribed and used to treat various bacterial infections.

Cyclizine is an antihistamine piperazine-subsidiary utilized as an antiemetic/antivertigo specialist. In the therapy and anticipation of heaving, queasiness, and wooziness related to movement ailment, it is utilized. These tablets aren’t recommended for less than six years of age children.

References

Dharmapalan, V. N. (2012). Promoting the appropriate use of drugs in children. International Journal of Pediatrics. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2012/906570/

Mir, A. N., & Geer, M. I. (2016). Off-label use of medicines in children. IJPSR, 7(5), 1820-1828. Retrieved from https://1library.net/document/q7613ery-off-label-use-of-medicines-in-children.html#pdf-content. NURS 6521 Assignment: Off-Label Drug Use in Pediatrics

Name:  Assignment Rubric

  Excellent Good Fair Poor
Summarize your interpretation of the frequency data provided in the output for respondent’s age, highest school grade completed, and family income from prior month. 32 (32%) – 35 (35%)

The response accurately and clearly explains, in detail, a summary of the frequency distributions for the variables presented.

The response accurately and clearly explains, in detail, the number of times the value occurs in the data.

The response accurately and clearly explains, in detail, the appearance of the data, the range of data values, and an explanation of extreme values in describing intervals that sufficiently provides an analysis that fully supports the categorization of each variable value.

The response includes relevant, specific, and appropriate examples that fully support the explanations provided for each of the areas described.

28 (28%) – 31 (31%)

The response accurately summarizes the frequency distributions for the variables presented.

The response accurately explains the number of times the value occurs in the data.

The response accurately explains the appearance of the data, the range of data values, and explains extreme values in describing intervals that provides an analysis which supports the categorization of each variable value.

The response includes relevant, specific, and accurate examples that support the explanations provided for each of the areas described.

25 (25%) – 27 (27%)

The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the frequency distributions for the variables presented.

The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the number of times the value occurs in the data.

The response inaccurately or vaguely explains the appearance of the data, the range of data values, and inaccurately or vaguely explains extreme values.

An analysis that may support the categorization of each variable value is inaccurate or vague.

The response includes inaccurate and irrelevant examples that may support the explanations provided for each of the areas described.

0 (0%) – 24 (24%)

The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the frequency distributions for the variables presented, or it is missing.

The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the number of times the value occurs in the data, or it is missing.

The response inaccurately and vaguely explains the appearance of the data, the range of data values, and an explanation of extreme values, or it is missing.

An analysis that does not support the categorization of each variable values is provided, or it is missing.

The response includes inaccurate and vague examples that do not support the explanations provided for each of the areas described, or it is missing.

Summarize your interpretation of the descriptive statistics provided in the output for respondent’s age, highest school grade completed, race and ethnicity, currently employed, and family income from prior month. 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

The response accurately and clearly summarizes in detail the interpretation of the descriptive statistics provided.

The response accurately and clearly evaluates in detail each of the variables presented, including an accurate and complete description of the sample size, the mean, the median, standard deviation, and the size and spread of the data.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

The response accurately summarizes the interpretation of the descriptive statistics provided.

The response accurately explains evaluates each of the variables presented, including an accurate description of the sample size, the mean, the median, standard deviation, and the size and spread of the data.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

The response inaccurately or vaguely summarizes the interpretation of the descriptive statistics provided.

The response inaccurately or vaguely evaluates each of the variables presented, including an inaccurate or vague description of the sample size, the mean, the median, the standard deviation, and the size and spread of the data.

0 (0%) – 34 (34%)

The response inaccurately and vaguely summarizes the interpretation of the descriptive statistics provided, or it is missing.

The response inaccurately and vaguely evaluates each of the variables presented, including an inaccurate and vague description of the sample size, the mean, the median, the standard deviation, and the size and spread of the data, or it is missing.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:
Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.

A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.

3 (3%) – 3 (3%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.

0 (0%) – 2 (2%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion was provided.

Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:
Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3 (3%) – 3 (3%)

Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

0 (0%) – 2 (2%)

Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.

3 (3%) – 3 (3%)

Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.

0 (0%) – 2 (2%)

Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.

Total Points: 100

Name:  Assignment Rubric

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