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NURS 6501 Week 8: Concepts of Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders – Part 2

NURS 6501 Week 8: Concepts of Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders – Part 2

The symptoms presented in the patient could be influenced by significant changes in the physiological organs and their functions. The body system is made of various organs systems working together. Besides, hemeostasis is the process through which the body ensures that there is balance in the various chemical constituents in the body. The current study focuses on exploring the symptom presentation in the selected patient and explore the possible factors influences the symptoms. The case involves a patient experiencing severe right sided headache with a pain scale of 10/10. The headache had lasted for 2 to 3 days. Furthermore, the patient experiences nausea and vomited three times in last 3 hours. Based on this, the patient is most likely to be having migraine. The current study outlines the neurological and musculoskeletal processes influencing the symptoms development and how they vary based on ethnicity and race.

Neurological and Musculoskeletal Pathophysiology

The condition is caused by the projection in the trigeminovascular systems which results in the disruption in the information transmission from the pericarnial muscle and the skin (Andreou & Edvinsson, 2019). The key symptoms associated with the physiological alteration include fatigue, nausea and yarning among others (McCance & Huether, 2019). The key neurological organs involved in the pathology include pseudounipolar trigeminal nerves. Similarly, the inflammatory reactions in the brain could also be linked to the migraine symptoms. The projections in the trigeminovascular system causes the symptoms related to what the patient experienced. The symptoms include loss of appetite, yarning, fatigue and nausea. The trigeminovascular system transmits the nociceptive information to the brains. Similarly, the collect information from the pericranial muscles and the skins and relay them to the brain (McCance & Huether, 2019).

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Ethnic/Racial Variables

The risk and prevalence of migraine vary from one ethnic group to another. The risk for migraine is high among the whites compared to the Asian and African American populations. The variations in the risk patterns are linked to the anthropometric characteristics. Also, the risk for osteomyelitis can also be used to explain the variation (Goadsby et al., 2017).

Interacting Factors

The key interacting factors in the disease progress include age, genetic and possible underlying health conditions. Also, patients’ behavioural patterns could also influence the progress and the outcomes of the disease. For example, patients who fail to seek medical interventions in time are likely to have poor prognosis. Also, stress could worsen the headache and other symptoms associated with migraine disease (Kowalska et al., 2018). . People with stress could also have exacerbated migraine symptoms. The other factors also include age and dietary composition. Therefore, it is important to explore the factors likely to increase the prevalence of migraine in a population group and address them in time

Conclusion

Finally, the patient in this case presents with migraine, a condition characterized by headache and nausea. Also, the patient developed sensitivity to light. It is important that the patient seek urgent medical help to prevent the condition from worsening. The patient in this case had migraine and this is due to the changes in the communication patterns in the trigeminovascular systems.

NURS 6501 Week 8: Concepts of Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders – Part 2

References

McCance, K. L. & Huether, S. E. (2019). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier.

Andreou, A. P., & Edvinsson, L. (2019). Mechanisms of migraine as a chronic evolutive condition. The journal of headache and pain20(1), 1-17.

Goadsby, P. J., Holland, P. R., Martins-Oliveira, M., Hoffmann, J., Schankin, C., & Akerman, S. (2017). Pathophysiology of migraine: a disorder of sensory processing. Physiological reviews.

Kowalska, M., Wize, K., Wieczorek, I., Kozubski, W., & Dorszewska, J. (2018). Migraine and risk factors of vascular diseases. Ischemic Stroke of Brainhttps://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.72570

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