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NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis

NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis

Neurological and Musculoskeletal Pathophysiologic Processes

After analyzing the case study’s details, there is a strong likelihood that the symptoms are related to migraines. Migraine is a neurological disorder that can manifest itself in a variety of ways. Individuals who suffer from this ailment commonly have severe crippling headaches, tingling and numbness feelings, articulation difficulties, increased sound sensitivity, light sensitivity, vomiting, and nausea (Weatherspoon, 2017). Additionally, there is frequently a family history of migraine headaches if a patient’s family history is evaluated. Symptoms may linger for days or hours, and pain can occasionally interfere with daily activities. Certain individuals report experiencing aura during or before to the onset of a headache. Auras can manifest themselves in the form of blind spots, flashing lights, or even obstruction (Weatherspoon, 2017).

Variables of Racial/Ethnic Origin That May Affect Physiological Functioning

When examining the community of people who suffer from migraine headaches, distinct racial differences emerge. Migraines are slightly more prevalent among Caucasian women. Caucasian women account for 20% of migraine sufferers, whereas Asian Americans and African Americans account for 9% and 16%, respectively. Similar findings were discovered while investigating males with migraines (Tao, 2017), where Caucasians make up 8% of the population, whereas Asian Americans and African Americans make up 4% and 7%, respectively (Chawia, 2019). Additionally, studies have indicated that racial effects vary in terms of clinical symptoms. Vomiting and nausea were less common in African American migraine sufferers, but pain levels were much higher (Tao, 2017). African Americans, on the other hand, encountered less weak places. Additionally, research have proven that socioeconomic factors can be established in migraineurs. This is presumed to include healthcare access, lifestyle choices, and diets (Chawia, 2019). When racial disparities are addressed in conjunction with socioeconomic factors and genetic factors, it is believed that these factors have a direct effect on the diagnosis of migraine headaches.

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Process Interactions Impacting Patient

Migraine studies tend to leave numerous research gaps as to why patients suffering from migraines present symptoms that are so different. Alterations in brainstem connections involving the trigeminal nerve have been reported to be associated with migraine headaches. Further studies reveal that there is a link associated with brain chemical imbalance involving mostly calcitonin gene-related peptides and serotonin (Chawai, 2019).

NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis

NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis

Moreover, several elements can be linked to the occurrence of migraine headaches in a diverse patient population. One of the likely factors includes hormonal shifts in women with migraines (Weatherspoon, 2017). Fluctuations of levels of estrogen prior to or after menstruation, the beginning of menopause, and pregnancy have been found to cause migraines (Lagman-Bartolome & Lay, 2019).

Another factor is hormone replacement therapy and the intake of contraceptive pills. They have been shown to exacerbate migraines and decrease the time between incidents. Higher stress levels, as well as the usage of alcohol and OTC medications, are also associated with migraines. Certain individuals may discover that sensory triggers may affect migraine incidents. Some of these include loud sounds, secondhand smoke, smells like perfume, sunlight, and bright light, which may cause migraines. Environmental elements like weather changes have been found to often be associated with migraine headaches, particularly that of elevated biometric pressure. Lastly, food additives including aspartame and monosodium glutamate are among factors that can trigger migraines (Weatherspoon, 2017).   NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis

NURS 6501 Module 5 Assignment Case Study Analysis


Chawia, J. (2019, November 9). How does the prevalence of migraine headache vary by race? Latest Medical News, Clinical Trials, Guidelines – Today on Medscape. https://www.medscape.com/answers/1142556-170218/how-does-the-prevalence-of-migraine-headache-vary-by-race.

Lagman-Bartolome, A. M., & Lay, C. (2019). Migraine in women. Neurologic Clinics37(4), 835-845.

Tao, F. (2017). Migraine Prevalence and its Differences among Races and Ethnicities in the United States (2010-2015) (Doctoral dissertation, UC Irvine).

Weatherspoon, D. (2017, December 20). Everything you want to know about migraine. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/migraine.

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