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NUR 550 Topic 4 Discussion Question one

NUR 550 Topic 4 Discussion Question one

Distinguish between reliability and validity in research design. Using a translational research article from your graphic organizer, analyze the methods and results sections to discuss reliability and validity as it relates to the translational research. Include the permalink to the article in your reference.

Re: Topic 4 DQ 1

Studies or research should go through a critical appraisal process in which the study is evaluated for validity, reliability and applicability (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019). Reliability of a research design is the assessment of the intervention whether the intervention worked and the ability to reproduce similar results. Validity of a research study is verifying the study is accurate and the methods used to measure are accurate as well. Validity is ensuring the results are close to the truth and did the researchers conduct the study using the best research methods (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2019).

In the article I used of effective implementation of QBL the reliability of this study could easily be reproduced in any facility. The intervention did work in showing the use of QBL vs. EBL was effective in increasing the awareness and monitoring of blood loss. The results did not show QBL measured more effective than EBL but was highly effective in the early assessment and treatment for PPH. This study also revealed that this process could be reproduced and produce similar effects. The validity of the study showed the subjects were randomly chosen through a criterion that of similar maternal demographics (Coviello et al., 2019). The results were compared preimplantation a post implementation with good quality data that is measurable and accurate as well as verifiable. Utilizing the definitions of reliability and validity can help evaluate the evidence you choose to use in a study to verify the data is accurate and you will be successful in our EBP project.

References

Coviello, E., Iqbal, S., Kawakita, T., Chornock, R., Cheney, M., Desale, S., & Fries, M. (2019). Effect of implementing quantitative blood loss assessment at the time of delivery. American Journal of Perinatology36(13), 1332–1336. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688823

Melnyk, B. M., PhD, RN. APRN-CNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, & Fineout-Overholt, E., PhD, RN, FNAP, FAAN. (2019). Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing& Healthcare A Guide to Best Practice (4th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

 

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 3 REFERENCES)

Hello Deana,

This is insightful. Studies or research should go through a critical appraisal process in which the study is evaluated for validity,

NUR 550 Topic 4 Discussion Question one

NUR 550 Topic 4 Discussion Question one

reliability, and applicability. Validity and reliability are concepts applied to evaluate the quality of research processes (Keogh et al., 2019). The two approaches indicate how well the technique, method, or statistical tests measures what is being studied in the research processes. Validity is more concerned with the accuracy of the statistical measure, while reliability is about the consistency of a given measure. Reliability may also refer to the extent to which the statistical results can be reproduced in case the research is repeated under similar conditions (Coviello et al., 2019). On the other hand, validity refers to the extent to which the study results measure what they are expected to measure (Rose & Johnson, 2020). Validity can also be applied to check how well the results correspond to the already established theories as well as other measures under the same concept.

References

Keogh, J. W., Cox, A., Anderson, S., Liew, B., Olsen, A., Schram, B., & Furness, J. (2019). Reliability and validity of clinically accessible smartphone applications to measure joint range of motion: A systematic review. PloS one14(5), e0215806. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215806

Rose, J., & Johnson, C. W. (2020). Contextualizing reliability and validity in qualitative research: toward more rigorous and trustworthy qualitative social science in leisure research. Journal of Leisure Research51(4), 432-451. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00222216.2020.1722042

Coviello, E., Iqbal, S., Kawakita, T., Chornock, R., Cheney, M., Desale, S., & Fries, M. (2019). Effect of implementing quantitative blood loss assessment at the time of delivery. American Journal of Perinatology36(13), 1332–1336. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688823

Re: Topic 4 DQ 1

In research, data findings must be valid and credible; therefore, reliability and validity are measurements applied to ensure this goal is achieved. Reliability is consistency in measurement when measured repeatedly using different methods or sample groups (Sileyew, 2019). Reliable measures are those with low chance of errors. Whereas validity is defined as the accuracy of the measurement (Sileyew, 2019). High reliability means the measurement is valid.

The translational study I selected for my EBP project focused on the effects of a structured educational program as it relates to hypertension. The program consisted of specific educational topics regarding hypertension, dietary modifications and encouragement of exercising. A multicenter randomized trial was employed in the design of this study which included a total of 256 participants in 13 centers who were randomly assigned to two groups. Group one (intervention) received immediate patient education regarding blood pressure control and group two (control) received patient education six months later. Both groups were assessed after six and 12 months. In group one the office and home systolic blood pressure decreased significantly after six months in comparison to group two as reflected by p<0.01 (Perl et al., 2016). According to Perl et al. (2016), this study has provided statistically significant evidence that patients who participate in a multifaceted educational program will manage hypertensive disease more effectively than patients who do not because of center-specific standards of care. This was demonstrated in the potential differences in blood pressure between the two groups reflecting the significant impact of the educational program (Perl et al., 2016).

References

Perl, S., Niederl, E., Kos, C., Mrak, P., Ederer, H., Rakovac, I., Beck, P., Kraler, E., Stoff, I., Klima, G., Pieske, B. M., Pieber, T. R., & Zweiker, R. (2015). Randomized evaluation of the effectiveness of a structured educational program for patients with essential hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, 29(7), 866-872. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpv186

Sileyew, K. J. (2019). Research design and methodology. Abu-Taieh, E., El Mouatasim, A. & Al Hadid, I. H. (Eds.) Cyberspace. IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.85731

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RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 3 REFERENCES)

Hi 

This is insightful. In research, data findings must be valid and credible; therefore, reliability and validity are measurements applied to ensure this goal is achieved. While undertaking research processes, it is essential to consider validity and reliability. Validity and reliability are concepts applied to evaluate the quality of the research process (Klima et al., 2015). The two concepts show how well a technique, method, or the test measures something in the research process. Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure while validity may refer to the accuracy of the measure. High reliability means the measurement is valid (Pietrabissa et al., 2020). The translational study I selected for my EBP project focused on the effects of a structured educational program as it relates to hypertension. Reliability may also refer to the extent to which the statistical results can be reproduced in case the research is repeated under similar conditions. To ensure accuracy in the research process, there is the need for the researchers to consider both the validity and reliability (Fuller et al., 2020).

References

Klima, G., Pieske, B. M., Pieber, T. R., & Zweiker, R. (2015). Randomized evaluation of the effectiveness of a structured educational program for patients with essential hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, 29(7), 866-872. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpv186

Fuller, D., Colwell, E., Low, J., Orychock, K., Tobin, M. A., Simango, B., … & Taylor, N. G. (2020). Reliability and validity of commercially available wearable devices for measuring steps, energy expenditure, and heart rate: systematic review. JMIR mHealth and uHealth8(9), e18694. https://mhealth.jmir.org/2020/9/e18694/

Pietrabissa, G., Rossi, A., Simpson, S., Tagliagambe, A., Bertuzzi, V., Volpi, C., … & Castelnuovo, G. (2020). Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the schema mode inventory for eating disorders: short form for adults with dysfunctional eating behaviors. Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity25(3), 553-565. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40519-019-00644-5

Re: Topic 4 DQ 1

Although both reliability and validity are used to assess and evaluate the quality of a research study, the difference between reliability and validity in research design is typically based on the consistency and accuracy of a measure (Heale & Twycross, 2015). On the one hand, reliability is measured using one of the four methods, namely, internal consistency test, test-retest, split-halves, and alternative-form tests (Heale & Twycross, 2015). For instance, while testing the internal consistency, one intends to measure the correlation between original and alternative measures. On the other hand, reliability measures the proportion of actual variance to total variance from a statistical perspective. On the other hand, validity measures the proportion of shared variance to the total variance, that is, the accuracy of the measure, which is calculated using three methods. These methods include content validation, contrast validation, and criterion-related validation (Heale & Twycross, 2015). For example, content validation attempts to assess the quality of items in a research test.

Patient falls are among the complications that hospitals can prevent by implementing evidence-based clinical interventions which are practical and efficient. In translational research, Morgan, and associates (2017) evaluated the correlation between patient falls and intentional grounding using variances such as teamwork, communication activities, coaching, and engagements. As far as reliability is concerned in this research, the chances of making errors while determining the correlation between the identified measures are very low. For example, teamwork between patients and care providers is influenced by communication activities, support, and engagement. Further, Morgan et al. (2017) used the iterative Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) to assess the relationship between staff engagement, teamwork, and patient falls for content validation. This is because these assessment tools measured what they are supposed to measure. Therefore, the aspects of reliability and validity have been considered in this translational research study.

References

Heale, R., & Twycross, A. (2015). Validity and reliability in quantitative studies. Evidence-

based nursing18(3), 66-67.

Morgan, L., Flynn, L., Robertson, E., New, S., Forde-Johnston, C., & McCulloch, P. (2017).

Intentional Rounding: a staff-led quality improvement intervention in the prevention of patient falls. Journal of Clinical Nursing26(1-2), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13401

Topic 4 DQ 1

Description:

Distinguish between reliability and validity in research design. Using a translational research article from your graphic organizer, analyze the methods and results sections to discuss reliability and validity as it relates to the translational research. Include the permalink to the article in your reference.

 

Description

Objectives:

1. Distinguish between reliability and validity in research design.
2. Analyze the reliability and validity of methods and results in a translational research article.
3. Describe strategies to maintain the integrity of translational research.
4. Discuss challenges of research design and data collections.

Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness

Description:

Read Chapters 1 and 6 in Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness.

Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare

Description:

Read Chapters 5 and 6 in Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare.

Work as an Inclusive Part of Population Health Inequities Research and Prevention

Description:

Read “Work as an Inclusive Part of Population Health Inequities Research and Prevention,” by Ahonen et al., from American Journal of Public Health(2018).

Aligning Evidence-Based Practice With Translational Research: Opportunities for Clinical Practice Research
Description:

Read “Aligning Evidence-Based Practice With Translational Research: Opportunities for Clinical Practice Research,” by Weiss et al., from JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration (2018).

Environmental Health Sciences in a Translational Research Framework: More than Benches and Bedsides
Description:

Read “Environmental Health Sciences in a Translational Research Framework: More than Benches and Bedsides,” by Kaufman and Curl, from Environmental Health Perspectives (2019).

 

Scoping Implementation Science for the Beginner: Locating Yourself on the “Subway Line” of Translational Research
Description:

Read “Scoping Implementation Science for the Beginner: Locating Yourself on the ‘Subway Line’ of Translational Research,” by Lane-Fall, Curran, and Beidas, from BMC Medical Research Methodology (2019).

Description:

Refer to the PICOT you developed for your evidence-based practice project proposal. If your PICOT required revision, include those revisions in this assignment. You will use your PICOT paper for all subsequent assignments you develop as part of your evidence-based practice project proposal in this course and in NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a final written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.

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