NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay

NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay

Sample Answer for NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay Included After Question


The purpose of this assignment is to provide research evidence in support of the PICOT you developed for your selected topic.

Conduct a search for 10 peer-reviewed, translational research articles published within the last 5 years that demonstrate support for your PICOT. You may include previous research articles from assignments completed in this course. Use the “Literature Evaluation Table” provided to evaluate the articles and explain how the research supports your PICOT.

Once your instructor returns this assignment, review the feedback and make any revisions necessary. If you are directed by your instructor to select different articles in order to meet the assignment criteria or to better support your PICOT, make these changes accordingly. You will use the literature evaluated in this assignment for all subsequent assignments you develop as part of your evidence-based practice project proposal in this course and in NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a final written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.

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Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based

NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay
NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay

practice project proposal assignments.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are not required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite.

A Sample Answer For the Assignment: NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay

Title: NUR 550 EBP Project Evaluation of Literature Table Essay


Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article
Article Title and Year Published


Research Questions/ Hypothesis, and Purpose/Aim of Study Design (Quantitative, Qualitative, or other)




Methods: Intervention/ Instruments


Analysis/Data Collection


Outcomes/Key Findings




Explanation of How the Article Supports Your Proposed EBP Practice Project Proposal
Zarco et al., Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Perceived benefits of a guided exercise program among older adults


Research question: what are the perceived benefits of participating in Essentrics?

The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences of adults who participated in an Essentrics program.

Foundational techniques of Essentrics include eccentric training and stretching (Esmonde-White et al., 2021; Zarco et al., 2021).

Qualitative design: it was a retrospective, qualitative study where data collection and analysis methods were primarily qualitative


Setting: Adelphi University

Sample: nine participants


  Older adults participated in a one-hour Essentrics program twice weekly for a year. The questionnaire instrument included open and close-ended questions on the motivation behind trying and continuing Essentrics and their benefits. A focus group discussion via Zoom meeting was also conducted to allow participants to expand the context of their responses. The primary researcher collected data on how Essentrics affected functional mobility, flexibility, and strength. The recorded responses via Zoom were electronically transcribed, and thematic analysis was conducted to summarize the perceived benefits of the exercises. The outcomes were changes in functional mobility, flexibility, and balance. Participants perceived Essentrics as beneficial to their physical health since it improved their functional mobility, balance, and flexibility. Other benefits included making participants feel more energized while improving their posture. Researchers recommended a large-scale mixed study to validate the experiences of Essentrics participants.








The study supports the EBP project proposal by positively linking physical exercises with improved functional performance among older adults. The improved balance and strength after the exercises are critical to improving older adults’ independence, as the PICOT states.
Kirwan et al., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Community-based exercise and lifestyle program improves health outcomes in older adults with type 2 diabetes


RQ: what are the effects of Beat It on anthropometric, physical fitness, and psychological outcomes among older adults with T2DM?

Aim: the study explored whether Beat It was effective in improving anthropometric, physical fitness, and psychological outcomes in older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Quantitative: researchers collected and analyzed data quantitively. Setting: 67 separate locations in New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory

Sample: 588 older adults with T2DM

  Participants were enrolled in Beat It over eight weeks. Beat It is a twice-weekly supervised group exercise and education program. The clinician-led program helps individuals manage diabetes and improve general health (Kirwan et al., 2022).

Height and weight measures were used to calculate body mass index (BMI), while physical parameters were assessed using arm curls or the medicine ball throw test.

Researchers collected data on anthropometric measurements and physical fitness levels at baseline and the completion of the program. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 24. The program’s effectiveness was examined using paired T-tests. Primary outcomes were changes in physical fitness and anthropometric measures. Researchers found a significant improvement in waist circumference and physical fitness post-program. The findings underline the significance of the program in improving the standard of healthy independent living after effective implementation.


Researchers recommended a longer-term follow-up to examine whether participants would maintain the positive changes beyond the program. The article supports the proposed project by demonstrating the link between physical exercise and healthy independent living through improved physical fitness and anthropometric measures.
Harrison et al., Journal of Primary Care & Community Health, Perceptions, opinions, beliefs, and attitudes about physical activity and exercise in urban-community-residing older adults


RQ: what are the motivators to, barriers of, and benefits associated with engaging in physical activity and exercise?

Aim: the study was conducted to determine older adults’ understanding of physical activity and exercise as well as barriers, motivators, and benefits influencing their participation.

Qualitative design: the researchers and participants discuss the topic and dominant themes summarized. Setting: Washington, DC

Sample:58 older adults enrolled in Senior Companion and Respite Aid programs

Eligible older adults who engaged in various physical activities at the community level were recruited via convenience sampling. Researchers conducted focus group sessions to explore the participants’ physical activity levels and experiences. Focus groups help researchers to collect data by exploring participants’ opinions, experiences, and perspectives (Dos Santos Marques et al., 2021). Participants completed a short survey of demographic data, physical activity and exercise levels, and food intake. In the focus groups, the moderator used a semi-structured 5-8 question script to ask questions regarding experiences with physical exercises. Primary outcomes were barriers, motivators, and benefits of physical activity and exercise. Participants identified physical activity as beneficial to health since it leads to prolonged life, increased physical energy, and a stronger body. Limited income was a significant barrier, while most participants preferred dancing for exercise. Researchers recommended policymaking centered on programs for older adults that will promote physical activity and exercise. The article supports the project proposal by confirming that physical exercises improve functional performance and independence by increasing physical energy and body strength.
Syue et al., International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, The associations between physical activity, functional fitness, and life satisfaction among community-dwelling older adults



Hypothesis: older adults with higher physical activity had better functional fitness and life satisfaction.

Aim: the study explored the association between physical activity and functional fitness and life satisfaction. Authors also evaluated the existence of dose-response relationship.

Quantitative design: researchers employed a cross-sectional study design and quantified relationship between variables. Setting: 12 functional fitness and health screen stations in Chi-Yi city.

Sample: 623 older adults participated in the study.

As a cross-sectional study, older adults were observed in their respective environments in 2016 and 2017. Participants engaged in different physical activities with varying intensities. They included slow dancing, strenuous household chores, and playing basketball. Researchers used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) form to assess the physical activity levels. Functional fitness was assessed via different tests, including the arm curl test, the chair test, the stand test, the step test, and the back scratch test. Life satisfaction was evaluated using an 11-point scale.

The authors used Spearman’s rho to test correlations between physical activity, functional fitness, and life satisfaction.

The primary research outcomes were functional fitness and life satisfaction. Syue et al. (2022) found that physical activity increases older adults’ functional fitness and life satisfaction. Researchers recommended high levels of physical activity since they were associated with high improvement in muscle strength, flexibility, endurance, and dynamic balance. The article supports the proposed EBP practice project proposal by demonstrating the effectiveness of physical exercises in improving functional fitness.
Chang et al., Frontiers in Medicine, Effectiveness of facebook remote live-streaming-guided exercise for improving the functional fitness of community-dwelling older adults


Hypothesis: the program would improve the functional fitness of the participants

Aim: to investigate the effects of an 8-week Facebook remote exercise program on the functional fitness of community-dwelling older adults

Quantitative design: researchers conducted a non-randomized controlled design Setting: Taipei City

Sample: 73 older adults

The study was a non-randomized controlled trial with single blinding.

Participants in the experimental group (n = 39) participated in a physical exercise program twice a week for eight weeks. The control group (n = 34) continued with ordinary lifestyle.

Researchers used the Senior Fitness Test to assess limb flexibility, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness pre- and post-program. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS, version 22.0 software. The main outcome was increased functional fitness. Researchers reported that the 8-week guided exercise intervention increased lower limb flexibility, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness. These improvements are critical to improved functional fitness and independent living among older adults. Researchers recommended future studies that have clear exercise intensity using objective or subjective measurements. The article supports the proposed project by positively linking physical exercises with improved functional fitness among older adults.
López-López et al., GeroScience, Functional mobility and physical fitness are improved through a multicomponent training program in institutionalized older adults


Hypothesis: the multicomponent training program will improve functional mobility and physical fitness.

Aim: to clarify the benefits of a multicomponent training in institutionalized older adults.

Quantitative design (a randomized controlled trial) Setting: Albertia Elderly Care Center

Sample: 34 older adults

Researchers conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with institutionalized older adults. The main goal of RCTs is to ascertain whether an intervention/treatment will cause a change in health or risk factors (Capili & Anastasi, 2023). In this study, the intervention group (18 participants) engaged in the multicomponent training program of muscle power training and endurance twice weekly for 12 weeks. The control group (n =16) continued with the usual mobility exercises. Researchers collected data before and after the program. They estimated independence using the Barthel index, while multiple tools were used to evaluate physical fitness and functional mobility. They included the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), hand grip strength dynamometry, and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. Data analysis was done using SPSS 23.0 software. Tests included Shapiro-Wilks, Levene, and the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Primary outcomes were functional mobility and physical fitness. Researchers found that the multicomponent training program was effective in improving functional mobility and physical fitness, albeit no significant difference regarding independence among the groups was observed. The researchers recommended testing longer programs while monitoring nutrition and rest time to observe further physiological changes in the institutionalized population. The article supports the proposed project by demonstrating the effectiveness of physical exercises in improving functional fitness among older adults.


Older adults are a unique population that requires optimal health and well-being. The effects of type 2 diabetes in old age are multidimensional, hence the need for interventions to improve health and well-being. As a result, interventions seeking to improve physical fitness are essential to enhance functional mobility and independence among older adults with type 2 diabetes. The articles evaluated in this table confirm the effectiveness of physical exercises and the need to implement them in healthcare settings and at home. For high outcomes and sustained performance, older adults should be guided and assisted appropriately.


Capili, B., & Anastasi, J. K. (2023). Efficacy randomized controlled trials. AJN The American Journal of Nursing123(3), 47-51. DOI: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000921808.23646.01

Chang, S. H., Wang, L. T., Chueh, T. Y., Hsueh, M. C., Hung, T. M., & Wang, Y. W. (2021). Effectiveness of facebook remote live-streaming-guided exercise for improving the functional fitness of community-dwelling older adults. Frontiers in Medicine8, 734812.

Dos Santos Marques, I. C., Theiss, L. M., Johnson, C. Y., McLin, E., Ruf, B. A., Vickers, S. M., Fouad, M. N., Scarinci, I. C., & Chu, D. I. (2021). Implementation of virtual focus groups for qualitative data collection in a global pandemic. American Journal of Surgery221(5), 918–922.

Esmonde-White, M. (2023). The miracle of flexibility: a head-to-toe program to increase strength, improve mobility, and become pain free. Simon and Schuster.

Harrison, E. A., Lord, L. M., Asongwed, E., Jackson, P., Johnson-Largent, T., Jean Baptiste, A. M., … & Jeffery, T. (2020). Perceptions, opinions, beliefs, and attitudes about physical activity and exercise in urban-community-residing older adults. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health11, 2150132720924137.

Kirwan, M., Chiu, C. L., Hay, M., & Laing, T. (2021). Community-based exercise and lifestyle program improves health outcomes in older adults with type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health18(11), 6147.

Kirwan, M., Chiu, C. L., Laing, T., Chowdhury, N., & Gwynne, K. (2022). A web-delivered, clinician-led group exercise intervention for older adults with type 2 diabetes: single-arm pre-post intervention. Journal of Medical Internet Research24(9), e39800.

López-López, S., Abuín-Porras, V., Berlanga, L. A., Martos-Duarte, M., Perea-Unceta, L., Romero-Morales, C., & Pareja-Galeano, H. (2023). Functional mobility and physical fitness are improved through a multicomponent training program in institutionalized older adults. GeroScience, 1-9.

Syue, S. H., Yang, H. F., Wang, C. W., Hung, S. Y., Lee, P. H., & Fan, S. Y. (2022). The associations between physical activity, functional fitness, and life satisfaction among community-dwelling older adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health19(13), 8043.

Zarco, E. P. T., Aquino, M., Petrizzo, J., Wygand, J., & McGorry, A. (2021). Perceived benefits of a guided exercise program among older adults. Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine7, 23337214211060147.

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Important information for writing discussion questions and participation

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Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Hi Class,

Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

Contact me if you have any questions.

Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

  • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
  • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
  • Include in-text citations in your response
  • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
  • Follow APA-7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

  • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
  • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
  • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
  • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
  • Follow APA 7th edition
  • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed
  • Remember to use and follow APA-7th edition for all weekly assignments, discussion questions, and participation points.
  • Here are some helpful links
  • Student paper example
  • Citing Sources
  • The Writing Center is a great resource