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NUR 550 Discussion: Challenges of Research Design and Data Collections

NUR 550 Discussion Challenges of Research Design and Data Collections

The utilization of evidence-based practice in nursing has gained significant popularity in the modern world. Its increased use is attributed to the evidence that it results in enhanced outcomes in healthcare such as quality, safety, and efficient use of organizational resources. Due to this, nurses have to be well informed about the different types of research designs that can be used in generating evidence-based data. Nurses can utilize study designs such as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed study designs to investigate practices that can form part of evidence-based care. However, the research focus influences the study design that will be utilized in conducting evidence-based research. Therefore, this research paper examines the value of the different study designs, why the mixed-methods design is suited to nursing, and the most appropriate research design that is suitable for my study.

The Value of Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Study Designs

Value of Qualitative Study

Qualitative study design refers to an approach to research where the researcher aims at answering questions about why and how a phenomenon is occurring. It operates under the assumption that the reality of the participants in research is socially constructed. This study design has significant value to nursing. One of the benefits of qualitative study designs is that it provides nurses with an understanding of the experiences of their patients. They use this understanding to tailor the care given in their settings to meet the needs of their patients. The design can also be used to gain an understanding of the needs, behaviors, and predict the effectiveness of interventions in addressing the needs of diverse populations (Creswell & Creswell, 2017). Qualitative studies also provide findings that can be used in the development of standards of care, clinical guidelines, algorithms, appraisal tools, and intervention protocols in healthcare. These tools legitimize nursing practice. The other benefits of qualitative studies include providing recommendations that are used in improving clinical communication practices alongside refining quantitative research (Lützén, 2017).

Value of Quantitative Study Design

Quantitative study design is an approach to research that aims at testing theories developed from qualitative researches. It provides an accurate analysis of a research problem since there is the utilization of numerical data to understand the relationship between variables. The use of quantitative study design is associated with a number of benefits to nursing practice. Firstly, it validates or rejects theories. Theories provide assumptions on the manner in which care should be provided. They provide guidelines that determine quality in healthcare. Quantitative studies can be used to test theories that guide practice. They are tested to provide insights into the manner in which they promote recovery and wellbeing of the patients. The other benefit of quantitative study design is that it provides nurses with an understanding of the relationship that exist between variables as well as their dynamic structure. The information on the relationship between variables enables nurses to explain the occurrence of observed phenomena in health. The other benefits of quantitative designs include their ability to provide reliable as well as factual information and enabling maximization of successful interventions in nursing practice (Leavy, 2017).

Value of Mixed Methods Design in Nursing

Mixed methods design is another approach to research that combines both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The

NUR 550 Discussion Challenges of Research Design and Data Collections

NUR 550 Discussion Challenges of Research Design and Data Collections

use of this approach to research is attributed to a number of benefits to nursing. Firstly, it strengthens the depth as well as breadth of nursing research. This is mainly attributed to the fact that it combines the approaches to quantitative and qualitative research. The other benefit of mixed method research is its ability to overcome barriers to nursing research. The methodology provides nurses with the opportunities to understand the complex experiences of their populations, epidemiology as well as the management of conditions affecting them. Lastly, the use of mixed methods research provides multilevel assessment of a health problem in a population (Oliveira et al., 2018). This can be seen from the use of combined research methods that explores a research issue in its depth to provide information on all the factors that influence the observed behaviors.

Why is Mixed Method Research Suitable to Nursing?

The use of mixed method research is suitable to nursing in a number of ways. Firstly, it provides a better understanding of not only the experiences of individuals but also the realistic factors influencing the experiences. The ability of nurses to provide optimum care is dependent on their ability to understand both the subjective and objective experiences of the patients. This can be achieved with the use of mixed method research, which combines both the qualitative and quantitative approaches to examining an issue. Mixed method research is also suitable to nursing because it provides nurses with an understanding of the different perspectives that can be used to address issues in healthcare. The perspectives can be achieved in two ways. Firstly, quantitative research illuminates the important aspects on the phenomena under investigation. Qualitative study on the other hand underpins the development of hypotheses that will guide the investigation of the phenomena. These methods provide nurses with diverse perspectives on the issue under investigation when mixed method research is used. Lastly, mixed method research is suitable to nursing due to its ability to solve complexity of research questions in healthcare. The combined approaches in this method make it easy to investigate clinical research questions that cannot be addressed using either qualitative or quantitative method alone (Bressan et al., 2017).

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Research Method Appropriate for my Topic

Quantitative research design is the most effective for my proposed topic. The approach to investigating the topic will be based on deductive reasoning rather than inductive reasoning. It will be guided by hypothesis that will be proved at the end of the study. Quantitative approach is appropriate to the topic because of its objective nature. The aim of the intervention will be to determine the objective effects of the intervention. This will aid in determination of the effectiveness of the intervention. The topic also operates on pre-developed theory that non-pharmacological methods are effective in managing pediatric pain. As a result, quantitative approach is effective for the topic to test this theory. The method is also effective for the topic because the data will be obtained in the form of numbers. The numbers will be analyzed using quantitative methods of research, hence, the suitability of quantitative design (Leavy, 2017). Therefore, it is expected that the adoption of the quantitative method will enable the acquisition of objective data on the effectiveness of the intervention.


In summary, research is an important part of evidence-based practice. Different methods of research can be used to investigate health issues. They include quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research designs. Mixed methods research is recognized to be the most suitable to nursing due to its rigor and combined use of both quantitative and qualitative methods. However, quantitative design will be utilized in investigating the proposed topic for my project.




Bressan, V., Bagnasco, A., Aleo, G., Timmins, F., Barisone, M., Bianchi, M., … & Sasso, L. (2017). Mixed‐methods research in nursing–a critical review. Journal of clinical nursing26(19-20), 2878-2890.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Leavy, P. (2017). Research design: Quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, arts-based, and community-based participatory research approaches. Guilford Publications.

Lützén, K. (2017). The value of qualitative methods in prioritised healthcare research.

Oliveira, J. L. C. D., Magalhães, A. M. M. D., & MisueMatsuda, L. (2018). Métodos mistos na pesquisa em enfermagem: possibilidades de aplicação à luz de Creswell. Texto & Contexto-Enfermagem27(2).

Topic 4 DQ 2


 Identify a data collection tool you could use for your research. Consider how you could employ translational research to potentially overcome barriers, which may arise during data collection. Identify the best type of translational research to address this barrier and provide rationale for the type you have chosen. What strategies would you employ to provide an understanding of your chosen type of translational research and to gather collaborative support?


 Refer to the PICOT you developed for your evidence-based practice project proposal. If your PICOT required revision, include those revisions in this assignment. You will use your PICOT paper for all subsequent assignments you develop as part of your evidence-based practice project proposal in this course and in NUR-590, during which you will synthesize all of the sections into a final written paper detailing your evidence-based practice project proposal.


Write a 750-1,000-word paper that describes your PICOT.


  1. Describe the population’s demographics and health concerns.
  2. Describe the proposed evidence-based intervention and explain how your proposed intervention incorporates health policies and goals that support health care equity for the population of focus.
  3. Compare your intervention to previous practice or research.
  4. Explain what the expected outcome is for the intervention.
  5. Describe the time for implementing the intervention and evaluating the outcome.
  6. Explain how nursing science, social determinants of health, and epidemiologic, genomic, and genetic data are applied or synthesized to support population health management for the selected population.
  7. Create an Appendix for your paper and attach the PICOT. Be sure to review feedback from your previous submission and revise your PICOT accordingly.
  8. Complete the “APA Writing Checklist” to ensure that your paper adheres to APA style and formatting criteria and general guidelines for academic writing. Include the completed checklist as the final appendix at the end of your paper.

Refer to the “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal – Assignment Overview” document for an overview of the evidence-based practice project proposal assignments.

You are required to cite at least four to six peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Identify a data collection tool you could use for your research. Consider how you could employ translational research to potentially overcome barriers, which may arise during data collection. Identify the best type of translational research to address this barrier and provide rationale for the type you have chosen. What strategies would you employ to provide an understanding of your chosen type of translational research and to gather collaborative support?

Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

I have often heard when doing a quality improvement or research project for my facility the phrase “show me the data”, Data tells a story in an analytical manner. I will honestly say I do not like to collect data, yet when in my current role as a nurse manager, it is very difficult to make changes or show improvement without data. The similar can be said for research, when doing research, one cannot prove a point or show why a project will work or improve patient outcomes unless there is data to back up the process. Data collection tools can vary dependent on the type of research, they can range from, interviews as in a qualitative study to capture the emotion or questionnaires, surveys and checklists to gather the numerical data needed in a quantitative study (Formplus, 2021).

Translational research is a tool to transition evidence based research from evidence to “real life” using the translational research(Tilter, 2018). My project is on education of the nurses about quantitative blood loss and how it can improve patient outcomes through early identification of a postpartum hemorrhage, The phase of this research is in the T3 phase of implementation in to practice or disseminating this great research to the clinical areas. Barriers to this research lie in it is a change in practice and a change in a way of thinking or changing “what we have always known”, as nurses we like to have a clear path and the why to a change in or practice to improve patient outcomes. Utilizing translational research to show and create a clinical theory can help to create that clear path on how to translate this research to practice and the “why” behind the practice change. T3 or Phase 4 of clinical outcome research can be utilized through checklists, or toolkits to help follow the translation phased to change the research from bench to bedside easier(Tilter, 2018).



Coviello, E., Iqbal, S., Kawakita, T., Chornock, R., Cheney, M., Desale, S., & Fries, M. (2019). Effect of implementing quantitative blood loss assessment at the time of delivery. American Journal of Perinatology36(13), 1332–1336. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1688823

Formplus. (2021). 7 Data Collection Methods and Tools for Research. formplus. Retrieved July 2, 2021, from https://www.formpl.us/blog/data-collection-method

Tilter, M. G. (2018). Translation Research in Practice: An Introduction. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing23(2). Retrieved June 16, 2021, from



Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

A data collection tool that I could use for my research would be that of data reporting from using hospital/clinic records as my source of data. This would help give me more accurate information on whether education on cervical cancer and screening options increased cervical cancer screening rates in my population. This would allow me to not have to use self-reporting as a means of my data. A barrier that could arise would be that of the clinics/hospitals allowing access to the participants health records. I could use translational research to potentially overcome barriers that may arise during data collection by it allowing for opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration to help with any knowledge gaps there may be (Diptyanusa & Hasanbasri, 2020). With this, it would be explaining to clinics and/or hospitals the importance of the information that is needing to be collected and how the information will be used to translate findings into daily practice so that they understand the reasoning behind the data why the data is needed. It should be explained that the research is to help achieve medical advances. With the lack of involvement and interdisciplinary interactions, it can deplete the translational ability of research (Diptyanusa & Hasanbasri, 2020).

The best type of translational research to address this barrier would be that of phase 5 or T5 research. The reason I chose this type of translational research is because it involves translation to the community and population level outcomes (Titler,2018). This would be the best type also because my research is based on a population of ethnic minority women in general versus a single ethnic population. Strategies that I would use to provide an understanding of my chosen type of translational research to gather collaborative support would be to explain why cervical cancer screening in important to all women including those of all ethnic minorities in order to decrease the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer among this population. I would also explain that the earlier stage cervical cancer is caught, the better the outcomes would be, and the costs of healthcare would be less than if cervical cancer was found in the later stages. I would also show data of survival rates of this cancer when found in the earlier stages versus the later stages which would show the importance of why this research is needed at a community level versus a single population level.


Diptyanusa, A. & Hasanbasri, M. (2020). Lost in translation: Barriers and progress in harnessing basic medical science into community practice in Indonesia. Translational Medicine Communications, 5, 16. doi:10.1186/s41231-020-00070-1

Titler, M. (2018). Translation research in practice: An introduction. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 23(2), 1-1. doi:10.3912/OJIN.Vol23No02Man01



Re: Topic 4 DQ 2

One collection tool that I would use for my research is observation. This will assist in the data collection process for achieving the desired objective of the research study. Both the participant and non-participant observations are powerful tools for collecting qualitative data, this aids the researcher by giving an opportunity to capture various information, including verbal and non-verbal communication, techniques of providing care through demonstration, and external factors such as the environmental (Barret & Twycross, 2018). Barriers identified in the study could be lack of support from management or the organization in assisting with the research study. Also, other barriers are the heavy workload of the nurses to perform non-pharmacologic interventions, not having enough time, lack of required knowledge and skills, and having limited opportunities for participating in research (Bahadori et al., 2016).

Overcoming barriers can be done if nursing organization show commitment in aligning the substantial effort being invested in the development of best practice protocols with translational nursing research that aims to verify the validity and reliability of these identified best practices (Weiss et al., 2018). The type of translational research to address this is T2 and T3 research. The rationale behind it is because both can be used to determine how efficient these non-pharmacologic interventions are in managing chronic pain in optimal and real-world scenarios, respectively. T2 can test new interventions in a controlled setting whereas T3 can assist in determining if the interventions work for a wider group of people or the general population.

The first step I would take to gather collaborative support is to present to the organization the significance of conducting this research study. Using latest statistics provided by CDC in relation to the opioid crisis, it will give a clear picture of how non-pharmacologic interventions in addition to non-prescription medications can help with chronic pain management as well as reducing opioid abuse.


Bahadori, M., Raadabadi, M., Ravangard, R., & Mahaki, B. (2016). The barriers to the application of the research findings from the nurses’ perspective: A case study in a teaching hospital. Journal of Education and Health Promotion5(14). https://doi.org/10.4103/2277-9531.184553

Barret, D. & Twycross, A. (2018). Data collection in qualitative research. BMJ Journal, 21(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/eb-2018-102939

Weiss, M. E. , Bobay, K. L. , Johantgen, M. & Shirey, M. R. (2018). Aligning evidence-based practice with translational research. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration, 48(9), 425-431. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000644.


This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Benchmark Information

 This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:

MBA-MSN; MSN-Nursing Education; MSN Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Adult-Gerontology; MSN Family Nurse Practitioner; MSN-Health Informatics; MSN-Health Care Quality and Patient Safety; MSN-Leadership in Health Care Systems; MSN-Public Health Nursing

MS Nursing: Public Health MS Nursing: Education
MS Nursing: Acute Care Nurse Practitioner MS Nursing: Family Nurse Practitioner
MS Nursing: Health Care Quality and Patient Safety

4.1: Synthesize nursing science, determinants of health, and epidemiologic, genomic, and genetic data in the management of population health.

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1. Distinguish between reliability and validity in research design.

2. Analyze the reliability and validity of methods and results in a translational research article.

3. Describe strategies to maintain the integrity of translational research.

4. Discuss the challenges of research design and data collections.

Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness


Read Chapters 1 and 6 in Population Health: Creating a Culture of Wellness.

Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare


Read Chapters 5 and 6 in Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare.

Work as an Inclusive Part of Population Health Inequities Research and Prevention


Read “Work as an Inclusive Part of Population Health Inequities Research and Prevention,” by Ahonen et al., from American Journal of Public Health(2018).

Aligning Evidence-Based Practice With Translational Research: Opportunities for Clinical Practice Research

Read “Aligning Evidence-Based Practice With Translational Research: Opportunities for Clinical Practice Research,” by Weiss et al., from JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration (2018).

Environmental Health Sciences in a Translational Research Framework: More than Benches and Bedsides

Read “Environmental Health Sciences in a Translational Research Framework: More than Benches and Bedsides,” by Kaufman and Curl, from Environmental Health Perspectives (2019).

Scoping Implementation Science for the Beginner: Locating Yourself on the “Subway Line” of Translational Research

Read “Scoping Implementation Science for the Beginner: Locating Yourself on the ‘Subway Line’ of Translational Research,” by Lane-Fall, Curran, and Beidas, from BMC Medical Research Methodology (2019).

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