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NUR 550 :Benchmark – Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Organizational Culture and Readiness Essay

NUR 550 Benchmark – Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Organizational Culture and Readiness Essay

Organizational culture is a system of shared values and beliefs that contributes to behavior norms and determines an organizational way of life. Organizational culture is evaluated based on core values, shared assumptions, and common approaches to work (Nguyen Van et al., 2018). This paper seeks to analyze the culture and level of readiness of the organization for which my EBP project is proposed.

Organizational Culture and Degree to Which Culture Supports Change

The project on incorporating peer support in trauma-informed care will be implemented in my current healthcare organization. Our organization has an Adhocracy culture, which is defined by the flexibility and external focus aspects. Our culture is rooted in energy and creativity and involves innovation as a way of organizational functioning (Nguyen Van et al., 2018). Besides, the employees are encouraged to take risks, and our leaders are perceived as innovators. The work environment is agile and transformative, which has made the Adhocracy culture thrive (Nguyen Van et al., 2018). In addition, we emphasize specialization and rapid change within the organization, and thus change will be highly appreciated. Due to the innovative spirit in the organization, the employees are continuously engaging in activities that will promote positive change in the organization to achieve our goals and vision.

Organizational Readiness Tool and Readiness Assessment

       The cultural assessment questionnaire developed by the World of Work Project (2019) will be used to conduct an organizational culture and readiness assessment. The tool is useful for organizations or teams that are going through change. The cultural assessment questionnaire evaluates several dimensions of organizational culture, including the decision-making process, treatment of employees, teamwork, tradition, and change implementation (World of Work Project, 2019).  The organization scored high in teamwork, objectives-driven employees, change, a strong emphasis on employees, consensus decisions, team communication, and cooperation. However, low scores were noted in decentralization, focusing on customer service, building long-term customer relationships, and attention to detail.

The culture assessment results reveal that our organization’s culture will support and sustain an evidence-based practice change. As a result, incorporating peer support in TIC will be readily accepted and implemented in the department and staff that provide TIC services. Strengths that will facilitate change implementation of the peer support intervention include: employees are driven by targets and objectives, encouraging and rewarding teamwork, leaders encourage change and innovation, consensus decision, frequent and transparent team communication, and coordination and cooperation in the delivery of patient care.

Weaknesses and potential barriers exist and might hinder change implementation. Weaknesses include a lack of a decentralized

NUR 550 Benchmark - Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Organizational Culture and Readiness Essay

NUR 550 Benchmark – Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal Organizational Culture and Readiness Essay

decision-making system and a lack of attention to detail with staff employing the 80/20 rule. Barriers include shortage of qualified peer support workers, self-care needs of peer workers, and lack of finances to pay for service and wages of peer support workers.  The change proposal will be readily implemented since stakeholders’ support change in the organization. Besides, the timing of the proposal is appropriate since the organization has many clients on TIC.

Health Care Process and Systems Recommended for Improving Quality, Safety, and Cost-Effectiveness

A quality improvement (QI) program would be an effective healthcare process to improve quality, safety, and cost-effectiveness. A QI program entails systematic activities organized and executed by an organization to track, evaluate, and enhance its quality of health care (De La Perrelle et al., 2020). The activities are usually repeated so that the organization continues to strive for higher performance levels to improve the care for its patients. I would recommend a QI program since it helps an organization improve patient health outcomes that entail both process outcomes and health outcomes (De La Perrelle et al., 2020). It also enhances the efficiency of managerial and clinical processes.  An organization can minimize waste and costs attributed to system failures and redundancy by improving processes and outcomes related to high-priority health needs.

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Strategies to Facilitate Organizational Readiness

Organizational readiness to change is the organizational members’ commitment to change and mutual belief in their collective capability. Strategies that would better facilitate readiness in our organization include consistent leadership messages and actions, teamwork, and active stakeholder involvement. Consistent leadership messages and actions can promote organizational readiness by leaders conveying consistent messages and acting consistently to foster change (Metwally et al., 2019).  This can inspire employees to embrace common perceptions of readiness to change and foster cooperation when implementing the project. Fostering teamwork would promote organizational readiness since it encourages employees to collaborate to implement the change and achieve desired goals. Besides, active stakeholder involvement can facilitate organizational readiness since stakeholders determine if a change will be implemented and how the change process will occur (Metwally et al., 2019). Stakeholders in the organization can be encouraged to be active in implementing change to encourage other employees to put more effort, be persistent, and cooperative in the change process.

Stakeholders and Team Members Needed

Stakeholders and team members needed for the TIC project will include the hospital administrator, nurses, physicians, therapists, peer support trainers, and peer support workers. The hospital administrator will be responsible for overseeing the project’s activities and approving resource allocation to the project. Nurses and physicians will be tasked with screening patients for trauma, developing patients’ treatment plans, and referring patients to therapists and peer support workers (Shalaby & Agyapong, 2020). In addition, therapists will be involved in providing psychotherapy to patients affected by trauma. Peer support trainers will provide special training to peer support workers before they are part of the care team (Shalaby & Agyapong, 2020). Lastly, peer support workers will be tasked with implementing peer support interventions to overcome the isolation among patients with trauma experiences.

Information and Communication Technologies Needed

Communication about the project will be facilitated by technologies such as the internet and email. Stakeholders and team members will be sent emails to inform them of the project proposal and its implementation. Peer support trainers will require technologies such as computers and projectors to facilitate training. Besides, the internet, computers, and referral software will be needed to facilitate the referral of patients to therapists and peer support workers.

Conclusion

The organization for the EBP project has an Adhocracy culture with a culture rooted in energy and creativity. The culture highly supports change since the work environment is agile and transformative. A cultural assessment using the World of Work Project tool revealed that the organization would support and sustain the EBP change. It scored high in aspects that promote organizational change such as objectives-driven employees, change, emphasis on employees, consensus decisions, team communication, and cooperation. Strategies that would better facilitate readiness in our organization include consistent leadership messages and actions, teamwork, and active stakeholder involvement.

 

 

References

De La Perrelle, L., Radisic, G., Cations, M., Kaambwa, B., Barbery, G., & Laver, K. (2020). Costs and economic evaluations of quality improvement collaboratives in healthcare: a systematic review. BMC health services research20(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-4981-5

Metwally, D., Ruiz-Palomino, P., Metwally, M., & Gartzia, L. (2019). How ethical leadership shapes employees’ readiness to change: the mediating role of an organizational culture of effectiveness. Frontiers in psychology10, 2493. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02493

Nguyen Van, H., Nguyen, A. T., Nguyen, T. T., Nguyen, H. T., Bui, H. T., Tran, P. T., & Nguyen, A. L. (2018). Individual and occupational differences in perceived organizational culture of a central hospital in Vietnam. BioMed research international2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3759290

Shalaby, R. A. H., & Agyapong, V. I. (2020). Peer support in mental health: literature review. JMIR Mental Health7(6), e15572. https://doi.org/10.2196/15572

World of Work Project. (2019). A Simple Organizational Culture Assessment Questionnaire. The World of Work Project.

Discuss the role of the Institutional Review Board. Discuss ethical research considerations specific to population health. How are respect for the persons, potential benefits and burdens of the research, and justice kept in balance? Provide an example.

Re: Topic 3 DQ 2

Under FDA regulations, an Institutional Review Board is group that has been formally designated to review and monitor biomedical research involving human subjects. The purpose of IRB review is to assure, both in advance and by periodic review, that appropriate steps are taken to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating as subjects in the research. To accomplish this purpose, IRBs use a group process to review research protocols and related materials (e.g., informed consent documents and investigator brochures) to ensure protection of the rights and welfare of human subjects of research (FDA, n.d).

From a public health perspective, it is important to recognize an ethical standard that respects community autonomy. This standard can be achieved by requiring community collaboration (ie, at a minimum, establishing a community advisory board) to protect against exploiting vulnerable populations, to ensure fair terms of cooperation, to ratify that the interventions to be tested are acceptable to community members, and to minimize potential misunderstandings about the research. Such community advisory boards should have responsibility for determining whether the research goals are valuable to local community members and the methods are acceptable before the research is allowed to proceed (Buchanan & Miller, 2006).

In this era of translational research, social injustice is one of the crucial ethical concerns. Resource-rich countries conducting translational medical research in resource-poor countries are common and if the results of the research are not expected to be beneficial/less beneficial to the resource-poor country, then arises the issue of social injustice and disparity. Examples include research undertaken on diseases that are rare or the resulting intervention/product is too expensive to implement, in developing countries (Mandal et al., 2017).

References

Buchanan, D. R., & Miller, F. G. (2006). A public health perspective on research ethics. Journal of medical ethics32(12), 729–733. https://doi.org/10.1136/jme.2006.015891

Mandal, J., Ponnambath, D. K., & Parija, S. C. (2017). Ethics of translational medical research. Tropical parasitology7(2), 62–64. https://doi.org/10.4103/tp.TP_47_17

FDA (n.d). Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Protection of Human Subjects in Clinical Trials. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/about-fda/center-drug-evaluation-and-research-cder/institutional-review-boards-irbs-and-protection-human-subjects-clinical-trials

 

RESPOND HERE (150 WORDS, 2 REFERENCES)

Hello Ngozi,

I agree with you that it the institutional review board (IRB) is mandated to carry out assessment and standardization of any biomedical or biotechnological research that works with human subjects. One of the key pillars considered by the IRB is the autonomy of the subjects. It is imperative to have a research framework that is built on community engagement and participation at free will without coercion or intimidation (Das & Sil, 2017). The information shared to the subjects should be truthful and no crucial information should be obstructed or hidden from them. Additionally, the research project should be of general good and valuable to the entire pubic. Clinical trials procedure should be strictly adhered to and the human trials should only be used at the appropriate stage and only on volunteers who have not been pushed to take part because of being taken advantage of or being paid in order to take part. It should be out of their self-consciousness and willingness (Landray et al., 2017).

References

Landray, M. J., Bax, J. J., Alliot, L., Buyse, M., Cohen, A., Collins, R., Hindricks, G., James, S. K., Lane, S., Maggioni, A. P., Meeker-O’Connell, A., Olsson, G., Pocock, S. J., Rawlins, M., Sellors, J., Shinagawa, K., Sipido, K. R., Smeeth, L., Stephens, R., & Stewart, M. W. (2017). Improving public health by improving clinical trial guidelines and their application. European Heart Journal, 38(21), 1632–1637. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehx086

Das, N., & Sil, A. (2017). Evolution of ethics in clinical research and ethics committee. Indian Journal of Dermatology, 62(4), 373. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.ijd_271_17

 

KELLI

Re: Topic 3 DQ 2

Unfortunately, many countries including the United States have conducted unethical clinical trials in the past and because of that, we have implemented policies and regulations to keep human participants safe. The Institutional Review Board (IRB) was implemented to keep safeguards in place for these clinical trials. They have three basic ethical principles to stand by; respect for person, beneficence, and justice (Qiao, 2018).
Respect for persons is kept in balance by ensuring patient autonomy. This is where informed consent comes to play. Patients need to be fully informed about the trial they are participating in, including requirements expected of the patient and any adverse effects the patient may experience. They have to voluntary agree to participate in the trial and be informed that they can choose to drop out of the trial at any time (Pietrzykowski & Smilowska, 2021).

The beneficence is focused on protecting the patient or study participant (Qiao, 2018). Ensuring patient safety is at utmost importance during every step of the trial. Justice will be kept in balance by ensuring equity. Health equity has been a hot topic recently where many of the minority population may not have access to clinical trials or the knowledge to be comfortable with becoming a participant.

References

Pietrzykowski, T., & Smilowska, K. (2021). The reality of informed consent: Empirical studies on patient comprehension—systematic review. Trials22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04969-w

Qiao, H. (2018). A brief introduction to institutional review boards in the united states. Pediatric Investigation2(1), 46–51. https://doi.org/10.1002/ped4.12023

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