NUR 513 Topic 4 Discussion Theory-Based Nursing Practice
Re: Topic 4 DQ 1
Dorothea Orem VS Jean Watson
Dorothea E. Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, known as the Orem Model of Nursing, and focuses on maintaining life, health, and well-being. Orem’s theory is interrelated with three other theories: the theory of self-care, the self-care deficit theory, and the theory of nursing systems. First published in 1971, Orem established herself as a leading theorist in nursing. She authored papers, spoke at conferences, and remained dedicated to developing her theory. After spending the last 25 years of her life as a consultant and author, Dorothea died on June 22, 2007, at age 92 (Gonzalo et al., 2021).
Orem’s theory is a grand nursing theory that covers a broad range of topics with general concepts that apply to all nursing. Nursing is required when an adult, or the parent or guardian of a child, is unable or unwilling to provide effective self-care. Conditions caused by illness, injury, or disease can cause self-care deviations. There are five ways to help others: acting or doing for others, guiding, supporting, and teaching others, and providing an environment that promotes demands and future development. When nursing care is required, it is clearly stated. Her approach is contemporary in terms of health promotion and maintenance, but the emotional needs are not addressed. This theory promotes independence and indicates that all patients want to care for themselves and recover faster by performing tasks.
Dr. Jean Watson experienced her theory first-hand after two personal life-altering events. Caring is central to nursing practice and Watson’s theory. The focus is a holistic approach to health promotion and disease prevention. The theory has four major concepts: a human being is a valued person, health is a high level of overall all mental, physical, and social functioning, society provides values and goals, and finally, nursing is a human science (Gonzalo et al., 2021).
Both theorists have been instrumental in nursing academia, authoring books, and dedicated a lifetime to the promotion and development of their theories. Both are broad theories that address health promotion and preventing illness all nurses can use. These two theories will help the nurse leader to understand their role, the role of patients, and how to facilitate health equilibrium or promotion. Human beings are empowered when they can make decisions and manage care independently. Caring is essential to nursing and must be kept forefront, especially in this era of cost containment and efficiency.
Gonzalo, A., By, -, Gonzalo, A., & Angelo Gonzalo earned his Nursing degree in the year 2010 and continued his studies at St. Paul University Manila taking up Masters of Arts in Nursing Major in Clinical Management. He worked as an intensive care nurse for more than six years. He advocates. (2021, March 5). Dorothea Orem: Self Care Deficit Theory Study Guide. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/dorothea-orems-self-care-theory/.
Gonzalo, A., By, -, Gonzalo, A., & Angelo Gonzalo earned his Nursing degree in the year 2010 and continued his studies at St. Paul University Manila taking up Masters of Arts in Nursing Major in Clinical Management. He worked as an intensive care nurse for more than six years. He advocates. (2021, March 5). Jean Watson: Theory of Human Caring. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/jean-watsons-philosophy-theory-transpersonal-caring/.
RESPOND Barbara indeed Orem and Watson are nursing theories defining nursing practice. Orem theory is a broad theory with various aspects
applied in nursing. The theory shares values with the theory of self-care, the self-care deficit theory, and the theory of nursing systems. The theory of self-care allows patients to handle certain complications without seeking intervention from the facility. First aid services are part of the self-care. The self-care deficit theory reveals illnesses and injuries trigger deficits. Orem’s is a grand nursing theory so it is detailed and important in nursing. Personal experienced crafted Dr. Watson’s theory. Watson in his theory insists that care is the main nursing function. Patients are fragile people who require enough attention. Insufficient attention and care will expose the patients to more complications. Watson and Orem’s theories are crucial in nursing. However, Watson’s theory is a suitable theory for me to apply in my future practice. The theory allows nurses to protect fragile patients through caring.
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Read “A Multidimensional Analysis of the Epistemic Origins of Nursing Theories, Models, and Frameworks,” by Beckstead and Beckstead, from International Journal of Nursing Studies(2006).
Explore the links on the Nursing Theories page of the Current Nursing website
Topic 4 DQ 1
Compare and contrast two nursing theories. How do they differ based on their intent, scope, and goals? Which one might be more relevant to your future role, and why?
Topic 4 DQ 2
Select two different nursing theories and describe how they relate to patient care. How could you use them for inciting behavioral changes? Discuss the pros and cons of applying each theory and how they could be integrated into your future practice. Are there any particular ethical issues related to the integration of these theories that should be considered
- Discuss relevant theories applicable to advanced nursing practice for individuals, families, communities, and special
- Relate nursing theories to your personal
Being able to articulate your personal worldview can help you formulate a personal philosophy of practice and enhance your influence on patients and the industry. In this assignment, you will have an opportunity to reflect on your current and future practice, and the ways worldview and nursing theory influence that practice.
Draft a 1,000-1,250 word paper in which you:
- Describe your personal worldview, including the religious, spiritual, and cultural elements that you think most influence your personal philosophy of practice and attitude towards patient care.
- Choose a specific nursing theory that is most in line with your personal philosophy of practice and approach to patient care and discuss the similarities. Explain how the nursing theory reinforces your approach to care.
- Include in your explanation a specific example of a past or current practice and how your worldview and the nursing theory could assist you in resolving this issue.
- Finally, explain how your worldview and the nursing theory will assist you in further developing your future
You are required to cite five to 10 sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
Topic 5 DQ 1
During this program, you will complete an evidence-based practice project addressing a problem, issue, or concern in your specialty area of professional practice. Consider an area in your specialty that you believe needs improvement. Which nursing theories could you apply to this problem? Why is this the best theory?
Topic 5 DQ 2
Select one theory discussed during Topics 4 and 5. Does application of this theory differ based on the population focus (individuals, families, communities, and special populations)? Why or why not? Use examples from your current practice to illustrate differences or similarities