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NSG 7010 W8 Assignment Policy Analysis Report

NSG 7010 W8 Assignment Policy Analysis Report

 

Nurses’ influence on health policy protects the quality of care by access to required recourses and opportunities. This is a new and important concept for nursing; however, research studies on policy influence of nurses in health care sector are lacking a basic conceptual understanding of what this concept represents. The aim of this paper is to clarify the concept of nurses’ policy influence and to propose the definition of this concept, considering the context of Iran.

Materials and Methods:

The eight stages of Walker and Avant approach was used to guide this concept analysis. Various databases and internet engines were searched to find all related information about the concept. Textbooks were also searched manually. English language literature reports published between 1990 and 2012 were reviewed.

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Results:

Based on the analysis undertaken, nurses’ policy influence is nurses’ ability in influencing decisions and affairs related to health through political knowledge, effective communication, and collaboration with other members of the health team, which results in the improvement of nurses’ job environment and increases patient outcomes. This is a dynamic process situated on a spectrum and is accompanied with nurses’ knowledge, competency, power, and advocacy, and also their ability to change.

Conclusions:

Nurses have individual views on health care issues and influence health care policies in different ways. With a common understanding of nurses’ policy influence as a concept, nurses will recognize the importance of policy making in the health sector and their influence on this process and also on patients’ outcomes.

Health systems are rapidly developing and changing. Nurses, as a part of this system, should move forward along with these changes.[] For this purpose, nurses need to influence the formulation of health policies rather than just implementation of them. Then, they need to be active in the development of health policies to be better able to control their practice.[] In this process, nurse leaders have a very important role. They need to acquire policy-making skills in order to address professional challenges.[] Because of their values, professional ethics, advocacy skills, and experiences, nurse leaders have unique and valuable views toward health policies.[] There has been increasing growth toward nurses’ presence, role, and influence in health policies during recent decades. Nurses are expected to identify the issues deliberately and work with other decision makers to advance health care policies. They should understand the levels of power, and know who controls the resources of health services in their organizations.[] Therefore, we can go ahead and say that nurses have to be involved in policies which affect patients, families, themselves, and the whole health care system.

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