NRS 451 Topic 1 Discussion Question 3
Topic 1 DQ 3
Review your state’s mandated reporter statute. Provide details about this in your post. If faced with a mandated reporter issue, what are the steps in reporting the issue? Create a mandated reporter scenario and post it. Respond to one of your peer’s scenarios using the guidelines for submission/reporting in your state. Be sure to include a reference to your state’s website related to mandated reporting.
In the state of Arizona, as defined by ARS 13-3620, it is required that “any person who reasonably believes that a minor is or has been the victim of physical injury, abuse, child abuse” (Arizona Department of Child Safety, n.d.) is to report any concerns of child abuse or neglect.
To make a report, call the DCS Statewide Child Abuse Hotline, or the law enforcement office. When reporting, it is important to know the following information, if possible, as it will be requested.
- name, age, and gender of child and other family members
- address, phone numbers, and/or directions to child’s home
- parents’ place of employment
- description of suspected abuse or neglect
- current condition of the child.
Once the report has been made, a member of the Department of Child Safety will be assigned to the case and will conduct interviews with and other children who may be in the home, and any other people who may be part of the child’s life such as family, parents, neighbors, teachers, doctors and friends. (Arizona Department of Child Safety, n.d.)
Scenario: A nurse is working in the Emergency Department and a pediatric patient who is 12 years old comes in with their parents and
the child has a broken arm. During the time that the nurse is asking the child questions of their history and what had happened, the child seems timid and is looking down without answering any questions. The child often looks to their parents to make sure it is okay to speak but is denied the opportunity to speak and the parents answer questions for the child. The nurse is suspecting that there may be child abuse occurring in the home but continues with her assessment. The nurse notices random bruising on the child’s arms, legs, and abdomen as she is completing her assessment. The parents are quick to come up with reasons for each and every bruise. At this point, the nurse believes that this child is being abused and decides to report this to the state.
Arizona Department of Child Safety. (n.d.). Report Child Abuse or Neglect https://dcs.az.gov/report-child-abuse#:
Jun 20, 2022, 12:22 AM
Here in Arizona, it is required by law to report abuse, physical injury, or neglect of a minor to the appropriate authorities. Reports can be made to the statewide child abuse hotline, or local law enforcement office. Mandated reporters include nurses, teachers, and anyone who has responsibility for children. Everyone is required to report reasonable belief of child abuse to a peace officer or to the Department of Child Safety if it is a non-emergent concern. However, if the report involves an individual who is not involved in the care or custody of the minor, then the report can only be made to a peace officer (Arizona Department of Child Safety, n.d.).
A scenario in which mandated reporting is necessary would be if a nurse noticed signs or physical injuries on a minor patient without a reasonable explanation (or suspected non-accidental). Examples would include fractures, internal bleeding, malnutrition, pressure sores, burns, or bruising. The nurse would be required to immediately report their suspicions and findings by telephone or electronically.
Arizona Department of Child Safety (n.d.). Report child abuse or neglect. https://dcs.az.gov/report-child-abuse#:~:text=Mandated%20reporters%20are%20required%20by,authorized%20by%20ARS%2013%2D3620
Arizona Department of Child Safety (n.d.). Mandated reporter overview training. https://dcs.az.gov/sites/default/files/documents/files/Mandated_Reporter_Overview_Presentation_2020.pdf
Elizabeth Mateo Gonzalez
Jun 19, 2022, 8:38 PM
Replies to Ashley Fitzpatrick
Child abuse and neglect is not uncommon in the United States and thus mandated reporter statute exists that mandates that the law mandates reporting reasonable suspicions of abuse in every states (Humphreys et al., 2021). In Miami Florida, a professionally mandatory reporter of possible child abuse is governed by the Florida Statute to avail his or her name to the Abuse Hotline Counsellor upon reporting (Quick, 2021). The situations in which mandatory reporters are expected to report cases of abuse differs depending on the state mandatory reporting laws but reports should be made to the authorities as soon as any sign of abuse is noted. An example of a mandated reporting scenario is a case of a child undergoing physical abuse by foster parents. Any case of abuse must be reported and withholding such incidences is a criminal offence.
Humphreys, K., Piersiak, H., Panlilio, C., Lehman, E., Verdiglione, N., Dore, S., & Levi, B. (2021). A randomized control trial of a child abuse mandated reporter training: Knowledge and attitudes. Child Abuse &Amp; Neglect, 117, 105033. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105033
Quick, C. (2021). Mandated Reporter Training for Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Students Using Virtual Simulation and Community Collaboration: A Pilot Event. Clinical Simulation In Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2021.08.023
Child abuse is a serious offence in the United States (U.S.). The constitution of the New York State provides a statute that mandates healthcare providers, teachers, and police officers to report suspected cases of child abuse. Legislation on mandated reporting of child maltreatment has helped reduce child abuse (Tonmyr et al., 2018). The reports of child abuse are made to the State Central Register (SCR), which provides a hotline that mandated reporters in New York can call to report. If the issue is severe and needs to be addressed immediately, reporters can call 911. Furthermore, reporters must include a written report for documentation of the case. They should fill out a reporting form within two days after reporting and submit it to the ACS office.
The ACS office is in charge of investigating the issue further, helping the parties involved in the case, and linking the reporter with the child protective specialist, who can help the abused child (City of New York, 2022). However, reports should first be made in the SCR before being taken to the ACS office. If there is credible evidence to prove the child is being abused, the abusers are arrested, and the child is protected.
Mandated Case Scenario
During a physical education lesson, a teacher noticed that one student could neither jump nor run because he had injured his leg. After a thorough assessment, the teacher noticed the student had bruises. He also had several scars on his body. The student could not clearly explain how he got the bruises and scars. The teacher performed first aid and questioned him further about the leg. He revealed that he lives with foster parents, who are not friendly to him. The teacher noticed that the child was undergoing physical abuse. As a mandated reporter, she called 911 and reported the case.
The city of New York. (2022). Mandated reporters. https://www1.nyc.gov/site/acs/child-
Tonmyr, L., Mathews, B., Shields, M. E., Hovdestad, W. E., & Afifi, T. O. (2018). Does mandatory reporting legislation increase contact with child protection?–a legal doctrinal review and an analytical examination. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 1-12.
I fully concur with your notion Sandra that; “Child abuse is a serious offense in the United States”. Given the high prevalence of child maltreatment and its potentially serious, long-term health and social consequences, many countries have taken steps to prevent child maltreatment and reduce its associated impairment, including through the introduction of mandatory reporting (McTavish et al, 2017).
McTavish, J. R., Kimber, M., Devries, K., Colombini, M., MacGregor, J., Wathen, C. N., Agarwal, A., & MacMillan, H. L. (2017). Mandated reporters’ experiences with reporting child maltreatment: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies. BMJ open, 7(10), e013942. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013942