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NRS 443V Discussion: Characteristics of Nursing Research Utilization

NRS 443V Discussion: Characteristics of Nursing Research Utilization

Quantitative research refers to the research studies that involve the collection and analysis of numerical data. The quantitative methodology can be applied in finding patterns and averages, test causal relationships, make predictions, and enhance the generalizability of the results to the wider populations. On the other hand, qualitative research studies incorporate the collection and analysis of non-numerical data such as videos, texts, and audio to understand opinions, concepts, and experiences. Qualitative study is the opposite of quantitative research. To enhance the validity, applicability, and reliability of research processes, most researchers often use quantitative and qualitative approaches in one study (Grove et al., 2018).

The application of both quantitative and qualitative approaches in a single research has different advantages. First, mixed methods are useful in understanding the contradictions that exist between various types of studies. Secondly, mixed methods often add a wide range to the multidisciplinary teams and the interaction of quantitative and qualitative research (Ivankova & Wingo, 2018). When mixed methods are applied in the research process, there is always the collection of more comprehensive information and data and more detailed stories compared to the situations where only one method is used. With the mixed methods, researchers can apply qualitative approaches to gain access to different forms of information.

Also, there are disadvantages associated with the mixed methods. One disadvantage is that mixed methods are always complicated when it comes to the planning processes and the actual process of studies. Undertaking high-quality mixed study methods require the involvement of multidisciplinary teams of researchers and respondents who must participate fully in the research process. Finally, the application of mixed methods is always labor intensive and also requires greater resources.

References

Grove, S., Gray, J., Burns, N. (2018). Understanding Nursing Research, 6th Edition. [Pageburstl]. https://pageburstls.elsevier.com/#/books/9781455770601/

Ivankova, N., & Wingo, N. (2018). Applying mixed methods in action research: Methodological potentials and advantages. American Behavioral Scientist62(7), 978-997. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0002764218772673

The specific purposes of nursing research include identification, description, exploration, explanation, prediction, and control. A good examination must have some essential characteristics such as being scientific, evidence-based, replicable, and systematic. Further, research must have the accuracy, empirical, logic, the element of problem-solving, the theory of development, and the general knowledge (Chien, 2019). The purpose of this essay is to discuss the advantages of using both quantitative and qualitative research methods in a nursing study.

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The Advantages of Using Both Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in a Nursing Study

First, it is essential to understand the difference between qualitative and quantitative research. Qualitative research is fundamentally exploratory and helps a researcher better understand motivations, needs, processes, and rationale for behaviors, among other things. It avails the nurse researcher the deep insights into a situation and aids form ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Quantitative research comprises information that operates with quantities and numerals as opposed to the qualitative approach, which is informed by observation and description critical in the nursing study (Kang & Evans, 2020).

Using both methods in nurse research has added merits, i.e., qualitative research can be beneficial when designing a quantitative research project. It also helps learn about the consideration process and the best insights and results. In addition, it avails comprehension of the holistic experiences of the respondents in the study. Moreover, adding a quantitative approach to qualitative research can provide a more holistic and quantifiable view of the subject matter. Similarly, quantitative research tends to be more numbers-oriented and can aid in assessing hypotheses from qualitative research (Guetterman et al., 2019).

During data collection, quantitative data can provide baseline information to help researchers select patients to interview. In contrast, qualitative data can help researchers comprehend the barriers and facilitators to patient recruitment and retention. Furthermore, using an amalgamation of qualitative and quantitative data can enhance an evaluation by ensuring that the strengths of another balance the limitations of one type of data (Guetterman et al., 2019). This will ensure that understanding is enhanced by integrating different ways of knowing in the study.

NRS 443V Discussion: Characteristics of Nursing Research Utilization

One of the significant advantages of the qualitative research method is that it creates many potential data points usable to the social scientists. This process also creates a disadvantage that must be considered by nurse researchers too. Quantitative and qualitative research are complementary methods that work well together to provide thorough insights (Richardson, 2019). In using both qualitative and quantitative approaches in a nursing study, the researcher can apply both to formulate a hypothesis and validate respectively at the same time. Drawing from the merits of the approaches, the nurse researcher can comprehend how and why behavior happens. In addition, the researcher will be able to understand the frequency of the occurrences (Guetterman et al., 2019).

The qualitative study allows observation of population or subsets of population, while the quantitative research gives room for quantifying their behaviors. Additionally, using qualitative and quantitative research provides feedback on the diverse nursing studies while the prevalence of such feedback can also be quantified; hence confirmatory analysis validates the study’s conclusion. Therefore, adding a quantitative approach to qualitative research can provide a more holistic and quantifiable view of the subject matter under investigation (Guetterman et al., 2019).

Conclusion

Quantitative and qualitative research methods inform the nursing study. Therefore, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches in nursing research can provide a more holistic and quantifiable view of the subject matter under investigation. Furthermore, using an amalgamation of qualitative and quantitative data can enhance an evaluation by ensuring that the strengths of another balance the limitations of one type of data.

 

References

Chien, L. Y. (2019). Evidence-based practice and nursing research. The Journal of Nursing Research, 27(4), e29. https://doi.org/10.1097%2Fjnr.0000000000000346.

Guetterman, T. C., Babchuk, W. A., Howell Smith, M. C., & Stevens, J. (2019). Contemporary approaches to mixed methods–grounded theory research: A field-based analysis. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 13(2), 179-195. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1558689817710877

Kang, D., & Evans, J. (2020). Against method: Exploding the boundary between qualitative and quantitative studies of science. Quantitative Science Studies, 1(3), 930-944. https://doi.org/10.1162/qss_a_00056

Richardson, J. (2019). Evidence-based complementary medicine: Rigour, relevance, and the swampy lowlands. In Perspectives on Complementary and Alternative Medicine (pp. 287-291). Routledge.

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