Want create site? With Free visual composer you can do it easy.

NRS 434 Assignment: Adolescence: Contemporary Issues and Resources

NRS 434 Assignment Adolescence Contemporary Issues and Resources

Adolescence-Contemporary Issues and Resources

According to Park and Rosenstein (2015), adolescents are young individuals who are developing into adults. These young persons are in the 10-19 years age brackets. In the contemporary world, some of the challenges facing adolescents include anxiety and depression, delinquency, online bullying, teen violence, eating disorder, violence at home, drug abuse, and teen pregnancy (Edalati & Conrod, 2019). The essay presents a detailed discussion on the impact of drug abuse on adolescents’ behavior and overall-well-being. To achieve this aim, external factors that cause drug abuse among adolescents and available support programs are also presented.

Influence of Substance Abuse On the Behaviour of Adolescents

Substance abuse among teenagers ranges from experimentation to severe drug use disorders. Teenagers are always motivated to seek new experiences, especially those that they perceive daring and thrilling. Teenagers are likely to be involved in drug abuse due to their underdeveloped brain, resulting in poor decision-making. Adolescents take drugs to satisfy their normal developmental needs to seek thrills and take risks. It is estimated that over 60% of teenagers will try tobacco and alcohol before their high school graduation (Castellanos-Ryan et al., 2017). Teenagers suffering from physical pain, anxiety, and depression may use drugs to lessen these feelings of distress. Substance abuse exposes teenagers to risky behaviors such as unwanted and unplanned sexual activity, infections, violence, addiction, dangerous driving, obesity, and underachievement in school. Substance abuse also has a tremendous impact on adolescents’ brain development, and if excessively used, it may lead to mental health disorders (Castellanos-Ryan et al., 2017).

External stressors

External stressors are factors from outside that can make a teenager participate in substance abuse. Some of these forces include peer pressure, criminality, parental discord, exposure to abusive relationships, and growing up in families exposed to drug abuse (Edalati and Conrod, 2019). A proper understanding of these causes is crucial for the development of successful prevention and intervention program.

Support Programs

More efforts should be directed to early identification, awareness, and prevention programs to curtail drug abuse among adolescents. It is important to develop intervention and delivery programs on improving problem-solving skills, interaction skills, and self-confidence among teenagers. Standardized screening tools on determining teenagers who are more susceptible to being involved should be adopted in schools, healthcare systems, and communities. To be relevant and effective, the preventive programs can be designed to consider needs, cultural values, customs, and attitudes of the target teenagers. The prevention activities should be started before the adolescents are faced with the decision to use drugs. For example, in schools, a successful preventive program should be made up of two main components, (i) a core team with professional training and (ii) a referral system that is tasked with the identification of drug abusers in the school. With such a system, teachers will be able to recognize students who are demonstrating strange behaviors through the referral structure. The professional team will then make a follow-up to determine if assessment and intervention is required. Parents should also be actively involved in their children’s lives and support them to select positive peers.


Substance abuse has caused considerable mortality and morbidity among teenagers worldwide. Teenagers abuse drugs for numerous reasons, including fitting in the peer group, experimenting, and feeling good. The prevention program should cover all bases, including home, school, and community. Professional training is not mandatory to identify signs and symptoms of substance abuse, and intuition is an essential tool. All that is needed is a proper channel for referral and assessment. Since drug abuse is not unique in any particular culture, individual intervention adoption may not be accepted universally.

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS: NRS 434 Assignment: Adolescence: Contemporary Issues and Resources

Describe the effect of extremely low birth weight babies on the family and community. Consider short-term and long-term impacts,

NRS 434 Assignment Adolescence Contemporary Issues and Resources

NRS 434 Assignment Adolescence Contemporary Issues and Resources

socioeconomic implications, the need for ongoing care, and comorbidities associated with prematurity. Explain how disparities relative to ethnic and cultural groups may contribute to low birth weight babies. Identify one support service within your community to assist with preterm infants and their families and explain how the service adequately addresses the needs of the community, or a population in your community. Provide the link to the resource in your post.

Health Assessment


Most extremely low birth weight infants are the youngest of premature newborns. They are usually born at 27 weeks gestational age or younger. Extremely low birth weight infants are born with less than 1,500g (James, Wood, Nair & Williams, 2018).

Effects of extremely low birth weight babies on family and community

It is estimated that about 40% of babies born with extremely low birth weight end up with different disease conditions. Examples of such disease are blindness in both eyes, hearing loss, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, chronic disease that requires special medications and frequent hospitalization. Birth of low-birth-weight babies has economic and emotional cost to the families. In addition, public sector services such as health insurance services, educational and social support system are strained because of giving birth to low-birth-weight babies.

Short-term and long-term impacts of low birth weight

The short-term impact is that babies of low birth weight require life support in the neonatal care unit due to high readmission risk. This is because the babies usually have immature brains and are in respiratory distress thus, needing ventilators. The long-term impacts of giving birth to low birth babies includes poor health and growth, mental retardation, cerebral palsy, visual and hearing impairment. Premature babies have exhibits learning difficulties, high risk of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, socioemotional and behavioral problems.

How disparity in ethnic and cultural groups contribute to low birth weight

At a great risk of premature and extremely low birth weights are infants of minority groups, the marginalized and the poor. Example of disparities among minority populations is native Americans and African Americans to non-Hispanic white births. Infants born of mothers of low socioeconomic rank like African American are more likely to be born prematurely.

Identify one support within your community to support preterm infants and families

Healthcare providers can carry out a developmental screening using evidence-based tools at 9, 18 and 30 months. In addition, a general screening should be done every month. Monitor the milestones closely in preterm babies. Focus should be on hypertonia, reflexes, abnormal movement, and posture.


Healthcare workers and the general public can be educated on the effect of preterm delivery and extremely low birth weight as public health issue.


James, E., Wood, C. L., Nair, H., & Williams, T. C. (2018). Preterm Birth and The Timing of Puberty: A Systematic Review. BMC Pediatrics, 18(1), 1-12.



Hello Stanley, thank you for your submission. I agree that extremely low birth weight babies have developmental retardation in the short term, which causes learning disabilities in the long term. The child may need more time and attention, affecting the family function and even leading to financial constraints. People’s socioeconomic background, environment, and ethnicity affect their pregnancy because people from ethnic minorities may not have access to good health care and nutrition. Good nutrition during the early years helps the baby grow and develop well (Green, 2018). It is also essential to assist families with premature babies as nurses to locate resources and support groups to help them take care of low birth weight babies after discharge. what do you think about this?


Green, S. Z. (2018). Health assessment of the infant. In Grand Canyon University (Eds.), Dynamics in nursing: Art and science of professional practice. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs434vn/health-assessment-foundations-for-effective-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/1



Hello Stanely, I am impressed with the kind of thought you have given. Let me say that either way, effects of low brth weight is heavy on the parents. From economical point of view, I will say that parents in most cases are forced to quit their jobs to be with their babies. In such a case, financial burden is transferred to the next available family member. Mentally, it affects the parents as the happiness of having a young one is taken away. I love you points and I must say that it is true that diver-station is among the effects of low birth weight.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.