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NRS-433V to formulate a PICOT statement Discussion

NRS-433V to formulate a PICOT statement Discussion


Therefore, it is proposed that the use mindfulness practice is likely to result in significant reduction in burnout among oncology nurses when compared to when no intervention is used. The following PICOT question will guide the proposal:

In oncology nurses working with patients on end of life care, will the use of mindfulness practice result in the reduction of burnout within a period of 10 months?


The population that is targeted by the proposed intervention is oncology nurses. The nature of care that oncology nurses give predisposes them to significant stress and burnout. The patients that they serve have high healthcare demands that nurses must meet. Accordingly, most of the oncology nurses provide their care to patients who are likely to die or experiencing acute pain. They have to not only focus on promoting their physiological health but also ensure that their social, emotional, and psychological needs are met. The consequence is high rate of burnout among the oncology nurses. Burnout affects their health as well as wellbeing. It also lowers the quality of care that they give to their patients. There is an increased risk for adverse outcomes such as medical errors, job dissatisfaction, and their expression of intent to leave their jobs. Therefore, burnout among them should be addressed to promote their wellbeing.


The use of mindfulness-based practice has been shown in research to have some efficacy in reducing the prevalence of burnout among nurses. According to Luken and Sammons (2016), mindfulness entails the awareness that arises from being attentive, nonjudgmental, and purposive during every encounter with the patients. The use of mindfulness practice has been shown to reduce the risk of burnout by decreasing the effect of stress by increasing relaxation and decision-making among the nurses through improved situational awareness. Mindfulness-based practice also enhances self-compassion elements that are critical in the provision of quality healthcare in oncology practice (Penque, 2019).


The comparison in this proposed intervention is the lack of use of any intervention to address the issue of burnout among oncology

NRS-433V to formulate a PICOT statement Discussion

NRS-433V to formulate a PICOT statement Discussion

nurses. Oncology nurses who do not practice mindfulness practice will be assessed to determine the level of burnout among them. The outcomes will be compared with that obtained from the group administered with the intervention.


The outcomes that will be used to measure the intervention is the rate of reported burnout among oncology nurses. Outcome measures that include their job satisfaction, perception of the quality of care, and adverse outcomes will also be used to evaluate the intervention. The turnover rate among oncology nurses before, during, and after the intervention will also be used to evaluate the intervention.


The proposed project will be undertaken for a period of ten months. The deliverables of the intervention will be set and will be achieved within the given period.



Cañadas‐De la Fuente, G. A., Gómez‐Urquiza, J. L., Ortega‐Campos, E. M., Cañadas, G. R., Albendín‐García, L., & De la Fuente‐Solana, E. I. (2018). Prevalence of burnout syndrome in oncology nursing: A meta‐analytic study. Psychooncology, 27(5), 1426-1433.

Gomez-Urquiza, J. L., Aneas-López, A. B., la Fuente-Solana, D., Emilia, I., Albendín-García, L., & Díaz-Rodríguez, L. (2016, May). Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Levels of Burnout Among Oncology Nurses: A Systematic Review. In Oncology nursing forum (Vol. 43, No. 3).

Ko, W. (2014). Stress levels of nurses in oncology outpatient units (Doctoral dissertation, North Dakota State University).

Luken, M., & Sammons, A. (2016). Systematic review of mindfulness practice for reducing job burnout. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70(2), 7002250020p1-7002250020p10.

Penque, S. (2019). Mindfulness to promote nurses’ well-being. Nursing management, 50(5), 38-44.

Rushton, C. H., Batcheller, J., Schroeder, K., & Donohue, P. (2015). Burnout and resilience among nurses practicing in high-intensity settings. American Journal of Critical Care, 24(5), 412-420.

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Topic 5 DQ 1

Aug 22-24, 2022

The theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods are very different, but many researchers believe both methods should be used in the research study to increase validity and reliability. What advantages or disadvantages do you see in using both types of methods in a nursing study? Support your answer with current evidence-based literature.


Qualitative and quantitative methods are used in nursing studies to obtain information about the attributes of the population, the scope of its parameters, and the variables that affect it. Qualitative studies allow more profound insights into the problem, which can be more helpful than a more superficial data analysis (Walsh et al., 2020). On the other hand, quantitative measurements are easier to interpret and compare because they are based on objective criteria rather than an individual’s subjective experience (Mohajan, 2020). Qualitative studies are more in-depth and provide more information than quantitative studies. However, using mixed methods, that is, ones that combine both qualitative and quantitative, is highly significant in nursing research as it enables the studies to complement each other.

The two approaches have advantages in nursing research because they allow researchers to get different perspectives on a specific topic. In mixed methods, quantitative studies are helpful as they enable researchers to compare two or more groups on a particular variable (Mohajan, 2020). For example, when one wants to find a better medication for patients, he can use statistical analysis to determine which treatment affects the patient’s condition. This investigation is more appropriate if several treatments are available for a specific medical condition. Hence, quantitative methods allow researchers to compare different groups of people with similar characteristics, such as age and gender. Similarly, researchers may use qualitative methods to gather information from various sources such as published books and journals andinterviews with experts in the field who might have different opinions on the topic under study (Walsh et al., 2020).

Nevertheless, qualitative and quantitative methods may not capture all aspects of the research topic because they cannot measure variables like time and space. Also, these two research methods can give rise to different interpretations of data, characterized by inconsistencies and contradictions(Rahman, 2020). Thus, qualitative and quantitative methods may lead to unreliable results.


Mohajan, H. K. (2020). Quantitative research: A successful investigation in natural and social sciences. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 9(4), 50-79. https://doi.org/10.26458/jedep.v9i4.679

Rahman, M. S. (2020). The advantages and disadvantages of using qualitative and quantitative approaches and methods in language “testing and assessment” research: A literature review.http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n1p102

Walsh, S., Jones, M., Bressington, D., McKenna, L., Brown, E., Terhaag, S., … & Gray, R. (2020). Adherence to COREQ reporting guidelines for qualitative research: A scientometric study in nursing social science. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1609406920982145.https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920982145

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