NRS 433 Topic 5 Discussion Question one
Topic 5 DQ 1
The theoretical foundations of qualitative and quantitative methods are very different, but many researchers believe both methods should be used in the research study to increase validity and reliability. What advantages or disadvantages do you see in using both types of methods in a nursing study? Support your answer with current evidence-based literature.
Qualitative and quantitative methods are used in nursing studies to obtain information about the attributes of the population, the scope of its parameters, and the variables that affect it. Qualitative studies allow more profound insights into the problem, which can be more helpful than a more superficial data analysis (Walsh et al., 2020). On the other hand, quantitative measurements are easier to interpret and compare because they are based on objective criteria rather than an individual’s subjective experience (Mohajan, 2020). Qualitative studies are more in-depth and provide more information than quantitative studies. However, using mixed methods, that is, ones that combine both qualitative and quantitative, is highly significant in nursing research as it enables the studies to complement each other.
The two approaches have advantages in nursing research because they allow researchers to get different perspectives on a specific topic. In mixed methods, quantitative studies are helpful as they enable researchers to compare two or more groups on a particular variable (Mohajan, 2020). For example, when one wants to find a better medication for patients, he can use statistical analysis to determine which treatment affects the patient’s condition. This investigation is more appropriate if several treatments are available for a specific medical condition. Hence, quantitative methods allow researchers to compare different groups of people with similar characteristics, such as age and gender. Similarly, researchers may use qualitative methods to gather information from various sources such as published books and journals andinterviews with experts in the field who might have different opinions on the topic under study (Walsh et al., 2020).
Nevertheless, qualitative and quantitative methods may not capture all aspects of the research topic because they cannot measure variables like time and space. Also, these two research methods can give rise to different interpretations of data, characterized by inconsistencies and contradictions(Rahman, 2020). Thus, qualitative and quantitative methods may lead to unreliable results.
Mohajan, H. K. (2020). Quantitative research: A successful investigation in natural and social sciences. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 9(4), 50-79. https://doi.org/10.26458/jedep.v9i4.679
Rahman, M. S. (2020). The advantages and disadvantages of using qualitative and quantitative approaches and methods in language “testing and assessment” research: A literature review.http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/jel.v6n1p102
Walsh, S., Jones, M., Bressington, D., McKenna, L., Brown, E., Terhaag, S., … & Gray, R. (2020). Adherence to COREQ reporting guidelines for qualitative research: A scientometric study in nursing social science. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19, 1609406920982145.https://doi.org/10.1177/1609406920982145
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Research reveals that the home care nursing experiences consequential shortage in the number of registered nurses. In the United States, the Department of Labor statistics projects that the shortage will become a crisis as the demand for home nurses will outpace the supply in the next 10-15 years (Seo & Spetz, 2013). As a consequence of the shortage, the quality of care in home nursing agencies and productivity of the available nurses receive a significant battering. Studies attribute these to the fact that the RN shortage prevents the agencies from undertaking certain procedures such as patient admission and the removal of central venous catheter, since the law bars LPNs/LVNs from performing them. The absence of RN nurses makes the agencies ineffective since Porter-O’Grady and Malloch (2016) assert that an effective care delivery system ensures that the needs of patients are paired with competent caregivers. Therefore, there is an urgent need to stem the shortage of RN nurses by instituting strategies that will allow for recruiting and retaining nurses to fill these vacancies. In addition, evidence reveals that the usage of longer-term travelling and short-term daily through temporary employment agencies may plug the shortage.
According to DeNisco and Baker (2016), theory-based practice of nursing has gained fundamental application in the field and it could be employed to solve certain issues. Various researchers have extrapolated the application of theory-based practice into matters such as addressing nursing shortage. In the present situation, the usage of Watson’s Theory of Human Care could help improve the issue of nursing shortage. Evidence-based practice has demonstrated that high attrition rates of RNs could form a fundamental reason for the existence of nursing shortages in home settings. Nevertheless, that RN nurses leave their work is contradictory to the central tenet of nursing, which is rooted in caring. The utilization of Watson’s Theory of Human Caring, which emphasizes on holistic caring that transcends the traditional boundaries of patient-centered care to the human-to-human interaction may positively influence the decision of these nurses (Durgun & Okumus, 2017). Thus, Watson’s theory is the best since it taps into the central objective of nursing to ensure that nurses remain faithful to the call.
DeNisco, S. M., & Baker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3 ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Durgun Ozan, Y., & Okumuş, H. (2017). Effects of Nursing Care Based on Watson’s Theory of Human Caring on Anxiety, Distress, And Coping, When Infertility Treatment Fails: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of caring sciences, 6(2), 95-109. doi:10.15171/jcs.2017.010
Porter-O’Grady, T. & Malloch, K. (2016). Becoming a professional nurse. ( 2nd ed.), Leadership in nursing practice: Changing the lanscape of healthcare Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning.
Seo, S., & Spetz, J. (2013). Demand for Temporary Agency Nurses and Nursing Shortages. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing, 216–228. https://doi.org/10.1177/0046958013516583