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NRS 430 Topic 1 DQ 2 Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in your work.

NRS 430 Topic 1 DQ 2 Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in your work.

List three examples of plagiarism and discuss how plagiarizing as a student affects the
integrity of a baccalaureate degree, the public perception of the nursing profession, and
evidence-based practice. Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in
your work.


So, what is plagiarism? Plagiarism is defined as "The practice of taking someone else's
work or ideas and passing them off as one's own." (Faulkner, 2018). The integrity of a
baccalaureate degree as well as a nursing license is based on the perception of other
people. Trust is a reflection on the sincerity and virtue of the nursing profession. If that
trust is broken, then the public perception of nearly anything brought forth by a
healthcare provider will be questioned. By correctly using and bringing evidence-based
practice (EBP) to the forefront of healthcare, lives can be changed for the better.

One example of plagiarism is called unintentional plagiarism. This can occur by
incorrectly citing references or poor paraphrasing. (Faulkner, 2018). This often happens
because of a lack of knowledge or understanding. By utilizing the many resources
provided by GCU and seeking help, this type of plagiarism can be avoided.

Another example of plagiarism is defined as a person who "knowingly copied the work
of another individual and purposefully omitted credit to the original author to take credit
for the ideas" (Faulkner, 2018). As opposed to unintentional plagiarism, this type can be
perceived as more malicious and calculated.

A third example, which is actually quite common, is paraphrasing. This occurs when the
writer "make(s) minor changes and use others' writing" (https:\\libguides.lindsey.edu).
Changing the words around or using synonyms can be considered this type of
plagiarism. The writer in this instance is not expressing any new ideas.

Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS:NRS 430 Topic 1 DQ 2 Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in your work.

There are many tools available to GCU students to avoid plagiarism and ensure
academic integrity. One way is to utilize the GCU online library and databases. Many
tutorials are available through the student success center. The writing center offers help
in research, writing, templates as well as faculty that are able to assist at any point in
the writing process. Another way I can ensure academic integrity is by evaluating
websites that are used in research as sources. Guidelines that were put forth include
ensuring "Authority, Accuracy, Objectivity, Currency, and Coverage" (lc.gcumedia.com).
These guidelines provide a starting point in verifying the integrity of websites that may
be used for EBP.

These are just a couple of ways I can maintain my integrity through my academic
growth and I look forward to exploring many more.

Faulkner, A. (2018). Effective Writing and Research. Dynamics in Nursing Art and
Science of Professional Practice.



 CN
Chioma Nwachukwu
replied toStephanie Jackson
Apr 10, 2022, 5:53 AM


Replies to Stephanie Jackson
Hi Stephanie,
It is very interesting to learn that paraphrasing if not properly done can be a form of
The words used and the sentence structure of a paraphrase should differ from the
original. Always cite the original source when paraphrasing. Some paraphrasing tips
to keep in mind include:

-Studying the material and then reciting it from memory.
-Checking the original text for accuracy and avoiding copying verbatim.
-The original material's thoughts should be expressed in your own words in the

Thoughts, words, or statistics that come from somewhere other than one's thinking
should be appropriately cited. Also,one should limit citations to scholarly sources.

Academic dishonesty can be avoided by correctly quoting, paraphrasing, and
summarizing with proper citations and references. Before submitting your paper to
your instructor, use LopesWrite to check the similarity rate and revise it if it is more
than 20% (or the percentage required by your instructor). Take care to properly cite
all paraphrasing and quotes.


o BG
Billie Gabbard
replied toChioma Nwachukwu
Apr 10, 2022, 7:20 AM


Replies to Chioma Nwachukwu
Chioma and all,
The LOPES score should be as close to zero as possible.
o SJ
Stephanie Jackson
replied toChioma Nwachukwu
Apr 10, 2022, 8:00 AM


Replies to Chioma Nwachukwu
Chioma, those are great tips to correctly paraphrase. I especially like to study
material then explain it in my own words without repeatedly going back to the
source. It helps me to understand and retain information better.

 AC
Alexandria Cortes
replied toStephanie Jackson
Apr 10, 2022, 7:28 PM


Replies to Stephanie Jackson
Hello Stephanie,
It is unfortunate how common plagiarism is today in our schools. While researching
the most common types of plagiarism, I found that one of them is called "complete
plagiarism". An example of this would be paying someone to complete your paper
for you and turning it in as your own work (GrammarlyBlog, 2022). This surprised
me but also did not; I remember in high school, there were some bullies that
threatened other students to do their homework for them. This always made me so
sad but I was too shy to speak up about it and feared getting in trouble if I was
somehow involved. I now know I should anonymously told on the bullies to the
I am grateful that GCU has provided great resources about how to cite properly
using APA format.
7 common types of plagiarism, with examples. 7 Common Types of Plagiarism, with
Examples | Grammarly Blog. (2022, February 14).
Cassidy Wright
Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 9:30 PM
Replies to Billie Gabbard
There are many types of plagiarism out there but three types of plagiarism that I have
learned about are self-plagiarism, paraphrasing and direct plagiarism. Self-plagiarism is
when a student or a person uses their own writing in submission for an assignment
when they have already previously used that work for another assignment. This is also
cheating and an act of academic dishonesty and not tolerated. Paraphrasing is a form of

plagiarism that takes place when a person takes the idea or information from somebody
else and paraphrases it and fails to give credit to the original owner of the idea in the
reference page of the document or at the end of the paraphrase. A third example of
plagiarism is when a person takes an exact quote and writes it in a document as if it is
their own idea or writing and does not in text cite the original writer (Northern Illinois
University 2022).
This could make the baccalaureate degree invalid and not credible, and the integrity of
the baccalaureate degree is gone. This could diminish a positive outlook on the integrity
of the nursing profession as a whole and make EBP have less credibility and low value.
It is important to keep our integrity through honest, credible work and always cite
sources and seek out honest information.

Two things I will do to ensure academic integrity of my work is always cite my sources
no matter what. The second thing I will do is use writing tools such as Lopes Write and
citation tools such as Citation Machine or Perdue Owl to make sure that my papers are
original and have good academic integrity.


Direct plagiarism: Academic integrity tutorial for students. Northern Illinois University.
(n.d.). Retrieved April 8, 2022, from https://www.niu.edu/academic-

Student Success Center. (2022). How to Cite Properly. Grand Canyon
University. https://www.gcumedia.com/lms-resources/student-success-
 SJ

Stephanie Jackson
replied toCassidy Wright
Apr 9, 2022, 2:53 PM


Replies to Cassidy Wright
Cassidy, proper citation is one of my biggest concerns. I'll have to check out Citation
Machine and Perdue Owl! And thank goodness for Lopes Write, that will help me
tremendously. I am very nervous about unintentionally plagiarizing, but these tools
should really help alleviate my fears.
 CW
Carly Wallmeyer
replied toCassidy Wright
Apr 9, 2022, 6:04 PM


Replies to Cassidy Wright
Thank you for the extra resource ideas for Perdue Owl and Citation Machine. I
looked into both of these an think they will also be beneficial.
 AC
Alexandria Cortes
replied toCassidy Wright
Apr 10, 2022, 8:07 PM


Replies to Cassidy Wright
Hello Cassidy,
I absolutely agree that plagiarism definitely takes away value from the nursing
profession. Integrity in nursing is defined as having strong moral values and being
honest as fair (Faubion, D., 2022). I believe that being honest with our work and
assignment is part of having strong moral values. Plagiarism is basically considered
lying about the work that you have done. Nurses would and should not be trusted if
they are not honest about their work. I also use owl purdue for help with my citations
as well. I have been using them as a resource since I started writing papers in high
school. I also think that submitting our papers and group projects to LopesWrite is a
great way to keep us accountable.

Faubion, D. (2022). 10 ways to demonstrate integrity in nursing practice.
Carly Wallmeyer
Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 1:12 PM(edited)
Replies to Billie Gabbard
Three types of plagiarism include self-plagiarism, complete plagiarism, paraphrasing
plagiarism. Self-plagiarism happens when the author resubmits work that has already
been completed and used previously by that person (Student Success Center, 2022).
By reusing previous work, the students’ academic growth can suffer. Being able to
research and properly cite evidence-based articles/research, we as students, grow in
our knowledge in the nursing profession. By self-plagiarizing, the student is hurting
themselves (and potentially their patients/clients) by not staying up to date with current
and relevant information. Staying educated and up to date allows the nurse to educate
and care for their patients safely and effectively. Reusing the same information over and
over may become harmful to a patient if new and improved interventions or treatment is
available. Staying up to date with evidence-based practice essential in caring for our
patients. According to Enago Academy (2021), “While complete plagiarism represents
the most serious offense, paraphrasing is the one that is the most common.” Complete
plagiarism occurs when someone uses someone else’s work and/or ideas and submits
them as their own. This can be done intentionally or unintentionally and is considered
intellectual theft and stealing. (Enago Academy, 2021). Paraphrasing is discussing the
sources work or ideas but writing them in other words. When paraphrasing, the writer
should be explaining, in their own words, the authors points and facts. It is important to
remember that paraphrasing still requires a citation of the original source (Student
Success Center 2022). When paraphrasing, I try to read the topic or information then re-
write it in my own words without referring to the original read. This way, I may not be
influenced by the exact words in the original material. If I am unable to do this, I will use
a direct quote and site accordingly.

A few roles in nursing are being knowledgeable, trustworthy, loyal, and a leader.
“Effective leadership is rooted in ethical behavior; therefore, the element of academic
integrity is a steppingstone to becoming an effective nurse leader.” (Falkner, 2022).
Avoiding plagiarism while researching and keeping oneself educated, can contribute to
an honest and well-rounded nurse. These nurses are at the bedside and in direct
patient contact. The public perception is affected by bedside nursing; thus, a confident,
knowledgeable, and honest nurse, can make a great impact on public perception.

To avoid plagiarism while ensuring my academic integrity, I plan to use Lopes Write as
well as proofread my work multiple times before submitting. “LopesWrite is an electronic
grammar, spelling, and citation checker tool. Any assignments that are submitted to
LopesWrite will generate a report with a similarity score. The similarity score is compiled
by comparing the text of the assignment against a database of sources, including the
internet, other student papers, and against one’s previously submitted work (self-
plagiarism).” (GCU Technical Support, 2022). Lopes Write will be beneficial in checking
for self-plagiarism and complete plagiarism. Here I can edit my work to make sure my
academic integrity. Proofreading my work many times can help me with grammatical
errors, sentence structure and paraphrasing plagiarism. These two techniques will help
ensure my work is appropriate by citing correctly and avoiding any type of plagiarism.

Enago Academy. (2021, November 6). 8 Most Common Types of Plagiarism to Stay
Away From! https://www.enago.com/academy/fraud-research-many-types-plagiarism/

GCU Technical Support. (2022). Lopes Write. Grand Canyon
University. https://support.gcu.edu/hc/en-us/articles/201277380-LopesWrite

Student Success Center. (2022). Example of Policy Violations. Grand Canyon
University.  https://www.gcumedia.com/lms-resources/student-success-

Student Success Center. (2022). How to Cite Properly. Grad Canyon
University. https://www.gcumedia.com/lms-resources/student-success-

 SJ
Stephanie Jackson
replied toCarly Wallmeyer
Apr 9, 2022, 2:55 PM


Replies to Carly Wallmeyer
Carly, I really liked what you said about staying up to date on EBPs. Healthcare and
science is in inconstant motion and if we as healthcare professionals don't stay up
with changes, we are really doing a disservice to our patients. And after all, isn't that
why we do what we do? Take care of people and the best way to day that is to learn
without ceasing.
 CW
Cassidy Wright
replied toCarly Wallmeyer
Apr 10, 2022, 3:23 PM


Replies to Carly Wallmeyer
Hi Carly,
A great leader is a knowledgable leader, I agree, and when it comes to being a role
model in the nursing field it is important for nurses (who are viewed as leaders in
todays society) to always act with ethical behavior in order to remain trustworthy and
looked to as a ethical member of the profession. When it comes to plagiarism it is
important for people to recognize that it is unacceptable and of utmost importance to
always use tools to safe guard against plagiarism, as well as cite the sources of the
original information or content in order to give credit to the person who's idea it was
originally. Great informational post, I enjoyed reading it.

Judith Wogu
Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 12:17 PM


Replies to Billie Gabbard
Plagiarism occurs when another person's words or ideas are used without attribution,
which may be accidental or deliberate (Khadilkar 2018). Plagiarism takes three forms:
copying and pasting, minimalist paraphrasing, and patchwork (Goodwin & McCarthy,
2020). Copying and pasting is when someone takes another person's work and
presents it as their own without giving credit to the original author. The term "minimalist-
paraphrasing" refers to when a student substitutes a few words for the original idea.
Patchwork entails the student collecting information from a variety of sources,
assembling it, and presenting it as his or her own.
Plagiarism jeopardizes the integrity of a baccalaureate degree by engendering distrust
within the profession. If nursing students are not educated properly and are permitted to
copy others' work without conducting necessary research, the public will lose trust in
nurses. In nursing, dishonesty is not tolerated, and maintaining high educational
standards instills confidence in the profession. By conducting appropriate research,
nursing students and researchers can uncover a variety of scientifically validated patient
care methods. As a result, nurses can incorporate these findings into their practices in
order to improve patient outcomes (Falkner, 2018).
I will spend time researching my information and citing my sources. To avoid
unintentional plagiarism, I will also run my papers through Grand Canyon University's
plagiarism detection tool, lopeswrite, before submitting them to my instructor.

Falkner, A. (2018). Effective writing and research. In Grand Canyon University
(Eds.), Dynamics in nursing: Art and science of professional
practice. https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs430v/dynamics-in[1]nursing-art-and-science-of-
Goodwin, J., & McCarthy, J. (2020). Explaining plagiarism for nursing students: An
educational tool. Teaching & learning in nursing, 15(3), 198–203. https://doi-
Khadilkar, S. S. (2018). The plague of plagiarism: Prevention and cure!!!.The Journal of
Obstetrics and Gynecology of India,68(6), 425–431. doi:10.1007/s13224-018-1182-9

 CW
Carly Wallmeyer
replied toJudith Wogu
Apr 8, 2022, 6:26 PM


Replies to Judith Wogu
Judith, I love that we have a program like Lopes Write to double check our work for
us. I would never intentionally plagiarize and am grateful for a program that can
eliminate the stress and anxiety of unintentionally plagiarizing. According to
Business Case Studies (2019), the benefits of using a plagiarism checker include:
1. Speed- The plagiarism tracker used is able to compare the submitted work to
the entire internet for simularities in text in seconds.
2. Provided links to the source text- Links are given that show what what
plagiarized. This is helpful for unintentional plagiarism.
3. Provides a similarity score- This score is the percentage of how similar the
submitted work is to other sources.
4. Helps writer submit ethical papers- The program ensures students work is
within the ethical requirements by avoiding plagairism.
Business Case Studies. (2019, September 27). Benefits of Using a Plagiarism
Checker. https://businesscasestudies.co.uk/benefits-of-using-a-plagiarism-checker/
 PW
Pepper Wooters

replied toJudith Wogu
Apr 10, 2022, 4:01 PM


Replies to Judith Wogu

Your comment about nursing students not being appropriately educated, which
could lead to the loss of public trust down the road, sent my mind into an explosion
of thoughts relating to the events of the past three years. I started to think about this
world of online learning, and I began to ask myself, did covid impact learning and
increase the percentage of plagiarism?

I think about all of our posts on academic integrity and what dishonesty can lead to
later in our profession. I started searching the GCU library on covid 19 and
plagiarism. I came across two interesting articles giving answers to my questions.
One report spoke to the increase in plagiarism due to the dramatic swing of all
online learning during the peak of the pandemic and losing the personal connection
we had when we had in-class learning (Gregory, 2020).

Think about all the new tools, videos, and websites rapidly made by this dramatic
change, including the rapid development of online learning models (Gregory, 2020).
"With COVID-19 forcing school districts, colleges, and universities online, educators
must tap into alternative forms of promoting student learning and assessing what
students learn. Ordinary processes for monitoring the learning that regularly
happens in the classroom have moved into an online space with little time to
prepare. Many of the assessment tools that educators use to avoid the problem of
plagiarism—such as project-based assessments, assignments based on activities,
or conversations from class—are now impossible or at least impractical." (Gregory,

2020). Did education become crippled, so we didn't learn enough to prevent
unintentionally plagiarizing?

This leads me to the second article I found regarding the covid pandemic and
plagiarism in school. Exploring Academic Integrity and Mental Health during COVID-
19: Rapid Review (Eaton, 2020). I feel we all might be able to relate to some kind of
breakdown in mental health during the last three years. And if we don't have a
sound support system, who knows what we might do if we are not in good mental


Eaton, S. E., & Turner, K. L. (2020). Exploring Academic Integrity and Mental Health
during COVID-19: Rapid Review. Online Submission, 4(1), 35–41.

Gregory, J. L. (2020). COVID-19 Elevating the Problem of Plagiarism: The Implied
Social Contract of Academic Integrity. Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 87(1), 18–23.
Pepper Wooters
Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 12:10 PM(edited)
Replies to Billie Gabbard

Plagiarism is the devil on our shoulder. It's intimidating whenever writing papers or
commenting on posts because I have no intention of participating in plagiarism. When
I'm writing, I have this constant fear on my other shoulder that whispers into my
conscience; "Did I cite that correctly, rephrase that correctly, or what if my sources
aren't credible?" AHHHH, then I breathe, look at my inspirational cat poster and go back
to my resources to ensure I'm doing it right.

NRS 430 Topic 1 DQ 2 Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in your work.

NRS 430 Topic 1 DQ 2 Describe two things you will do to ensure academic integrity in your work.

Let's expand on the definition of plagiarism. Merrian-Webster defines plagiarism as "to
steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own: use (another's
production) without crediting the source." However, plagiarism goes much deeper than
this dry definition.

There can be intentional and unintentional plagiarism. Falkner (2018) describes
intentional plagiarism as a person who is blatantly aware of their actions and is aware
they are not giving credit where credit is deserved. "Unintentional plagiarism usually
involves ignorance, poor writing, paraphrasing, and referencing skills (de Souza, 2016)"
(Falkner, 2019).

When one is summarizing or paraphrasing material, citations are required. When taking
text directly from the source, it needs to be within quotations and have a citing at the
end of the quote. Examples that are a little more shocking to me involve purchasing
material or sharing one's work with others so that you do not have to do the job
(Falkner, 2018).

I found something interesting and worrisome involving publishers, which makes me
worried about reliable sources. Using the GCU Library ProQuest, I researched
plagiarism and came across this book, Advanced Practice Nurses. The chapter
Reporting Results Through Publications talked about Predatory Journals. I will leave the
citing below if you want to read more about it. "There is evidence of heightened

plagiarism in predatory journals" (Klein, T & Pearce, P, 2021). "Plagiarized content was
identified in a descriptive comparative study of three nursing journals that represented
authors from 26 countries (Owens & Nicole, 2019)."(Klein, T & Pearce, P, 2021) It just
goes to show that when we are trying hard to create honest scientific EBP that can
determine patient outcomes, policies, and procedures, we must take the time and effort
to ensure credible sources.

Academic integrity and the public perception of nursing intertwine quite closely. It can
be detrimental to the institution we're affiliated with, the patients we care for, or the
people unknowingly involved. "It discredits you and the university community as a
whole." (GCU, n.d). According to the American Nurses Association, nursing is the most
trusted profession for the 20th consecutive year (2022). We, as nurses, have been front
and center of the public's eye for the last three years. People trust us, and if we do not
conduct ourselves with integrity, we will not be able to deploy best practice outcomes.

As students, we must commit ourselves to the six fundamentals of Academic Integrity
(ICAI, 2021). As medical professionals, we took an oath to adhere to the Code of Ethics
for Nurses (Code of Ethics, 2015). Adhering to these principles will ensure the integrity
of our work and genuinely earn the title of a baccalaureate degree.

Clearly, I might have gone on a citing frenzy with this post. I have used many resources
from the Student Success Center. I have LopesWrite to help with my written papers and
other tools to check for my work for plagiarism. I will take all and any help with the citing
of material because I feel it is my weakest skill.

American Nursing Association. (January 12, 2022). Amid a Persistent Pandemic and
Longstanding Staffing Crisis, Americans Rank Nurses the Most Honest and Ethical
Professionals. https://www.nursingworld.org/news/news-releases/2021/amid-a-

Code of Ethics PDF. (2015). ANA. Retrieved April 8, 2022, from
de Souza, J. (2016). The plagiarism problem—reflections on plagiarism and nursing
students. HLG Nursing Bulletin, 36(1), 18-23

Falkner, A. (2018). Dynamics in nursing: Art & science of professional practice. Grand
Canyon University (Ed). https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs430v/dynamics-in-nursing-art-and-

International Center for Academic Integrity [ICAI]. (2021). The Fundamental Values of
Academic Integrity. (3rd ed.). www.academicintegrity.org/the-fundamental-values- of-

Grand Canyon University [GCU]. (n.d.). Writing Center: Preventing Plagiarism.
Retrieved April 7, 2022, from

Grand Canyon University [GCU]. (n.d.) Plagiarism: Academic Integrity. Retrieved April
9. 2022, from https://students.gcu.edu/academics/academic-integrity.php

Owens, J.K., &Nicoll, L H. (2019). Plagiarism in predatory publications: A comparative
study of three nursing journals. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 51(356-363)

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Plagiarize. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved April
8, 2022, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarize

Klein, T & Pearce, P. Staffileno, B. A. P. F., Murphy, M. P. D. D. A., & Buchholz, S. W.
D. P. R. (Eds.). (2021). Research for advanced practice nurses, fourth edition : From
evidence to practice. Springer Publishing Company. 21(405)

 CW
Cassidy Wright

replied toPepper Wooters
Apr 8, 2022, 8:48 PM


Replies to Pepper Wooters
What a great post, your writing is very fun to read, I enjoyed the information you
wrote about but I also enjoyed how your writing pulled me in. Are you a story writer,
or do you do any creative writing? If not, you really should!
Anyways, as far as plagiarism, I do agree with your information you posted here, it is
very important to properly cite information when conveying it in your own writing or
taking direct quotes. I really love the website PerdueOwl or Citation Machine in
order to always properly cite. I hope your cat poster gives you the confidence you
need to complete this course without worry! Great information, great post!

 CW
Carly Wallmeyer
replied toPepper Wooters
Apr 8, 2022, 9:18 PM


Replies to Pepper Wooters
Pepper, I completely relate to your post and feel that I have the same little devil on
my shoulder questioning my every move. I am also open to any corrections needed
on my citations because I too want to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism trackers like
Lopes Write will help us be at ease by double checking our work. According
to Plagiarism.org (2017), 24% of graduate students and 36% of undergraduate
students report that they have either paraphrased or copied information from
another source without proper citations. I was surprised by this number and thought
it would be lower; however, this is why we need plagiarism trackers.
Plagiarism.org. (2017, June 7). Plagiarism: Facts &
Stats. https://www.plagiarism.org/article/plagiarism-facts-and-stats
 JW

Judith Wogu
replied toPepper Wooters
Apr 9, 2022, 8:15 AM
Replies to Pepper Wooters
Hello Pepper! Your post on plagiarism and its effect on academic integrity is
insightful, detailed, and compelling. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense and
dishonesty, which violates the framework that upholds nursing professionalism.
Academic and professional integrity is a crucial element of nursing students.
Integrity encompasses dedication and demonstration of honesty and moral
behaviors in the academic field (Moore & Gaviola, 2018). Academic and
professional integrity requires the students to acknowledge the contributions of other
professionals when utilizing their work. Usually, academic writing is challenging for
many students because they are required to derive information from the scholarly
work of others to create original content. As such, understanding the techniques for
preventing plagiarism and maintaining academic honesty is an important component
of scholarly achievement (Goodwin & McCarthy, 2020). Students pursuing a
baccalaureate degree can use tools such as SafeAssign, Grammarly, and proper
paraphrasing skills to evade plagiarism and maintain academic integrity (Curtis &
Tremayne, 2021). Students should consider using SafeAssign and Grammarly in the
process of paraphrasing to help in detecting plagiarism.
Curtis, G. J., & Tremayne, K. (2021). Is plagiarism really on the rise? Results from
four 5-yearly surveys. Studies in Higher Education, 46(9), 1816-1826.
Goodwin, J., & McCarthy, J. (2020). Explaining plagiarism for nursing students: An
educational tool. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 15(3), 198-203.
Moore, H. A., & Gaviola, M. S. (2018). Engaging nursing students in a culture of
integrity. Journal of Nursing Education, 57(4), 237-239.
Rose Francis

Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 10:12 AM
Replies to Billie Gabbard
Plagiarism may be intentional or unintentional use of material that is not your own
without appropriate acknowledgement (Carter at al., 2019). Another example of
plagiarism is self-plagiarism which involves reusing all or portion of one’s own work that
has been previously used in a different context (GCU Student Success Center, 2022).
Lastly, one of the most significant contributors to Plagiarism is the ineffective use of
references and paraphrasing (Hunker, et al., 2014)
Students who commit plagiarism intentionally may be likely to engage in dishonest and
unethical practices during their professional career (Souza, 2016). Academic dishonesty
such as plagiarism may result in individuals who have a poor understanding of subject
matter and may be unqualified for professional work in the field. The public places a
trust in healthcare professionals which may be undermined when indulging in academic
malpractices. The potential transfer of dishonest behavior to the clinical setting is a
serious concern (Lynch et al, 2017).
One way to acknowledge another’s work is to cite the source and to learn to paraphrase
content as needed. Mastering the ability to paraphrase content is a skill that can be
developed and improved upon with experience (Carter et al., 2019). Plagiarism can be
prevented by using plagiarism prevention software such as LopesWrite for example
(Prentice, 2004).
Carter, H., Hussey, J., & Forehand, J. W. (2019). Plagiarism in nursing education and
the ethical implications in practice. Heliyon, 5(3),
e01350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01350
de Souza, J. (2016). The plagiarism problem—reflections on plagiarism and nursing
students. HLG Nursing Bulletin, 36(1), 18-23.
GCU Student Success Center (2022). Examples of Policy
Violations. https://www.gcumedia.com/lms-resources/student-success-

Hunker, D. F., Gazza, E. A., & Shellenbarger, T. (2014). Evidence-based knowledge,
skills, and attitudes for scholarly writing development across all levels of nursing
education. Journal of Professional Nursing, 30(4), 341-346.
Lynch J, Everett B, Ramjan LM, Callins R, Glew P, Salamonson Y. Plagiarism in
nursing education: an integrative review. J Clin Nurs. 2017 Oct;26(19-20):2845-2864.
doi: 10.1111/jocn.13629. Epub 2017 Mar 20. PMID: 27808468.
Prentice, C. (2004). Introduction to the APA and other writing tips for graduate students.
Saint Mary's University of Minnesota.
 CN
Chioma Nwachukwu
replied toRose Francis
Apr 9, 2022, 5:28 AM


Replies to Rose Francis
Hello Rose Francis,
I completely agree with your second paragraph where it states that students who
commit plagiarism are likely to involve in dishonest or unethical practices during
their professional career. (Souza, 2016).
Scholars in education have raised a high concern about deterioration in writing and
citation by undergraduate students. (Gourlay &Deane 2012; Stonecypher & Wilson
2014; Macale et al.2017). It has also been reported that 47-60% of nursing students
plagiarize their assignments (Hart & Morgan 2010;The art & Smit 2012; Krueger
2014). Students plagiarize intentionally for a number of reasons. This could be a
result of pressure to get work done in time or a lack of interest in the subject of
discussion (Fischer & Zigmond, 2011).The international center for Academic
integrity (ICAI)(2014) leads an argument that integrity or the lack thereof, should not
be viewed simply as a feature of individual conduct on the part of Students. Instead,
ICAI (2014 )suggests that the educational institutions as a whole should embrace
what they call Academic integrity as a core dimension of their mission.

ICAI(2014) defines Academic integrity as "a commitment to five fundamental values;
honesty, Trust, fairness, respect and responsibility" (p.16) and , in addition, "the
courage to act on them even in the face of adversity" .
In my opinion, a nursing student who lacks academic integrity as defined above
takes the habit to the clinical setting placing the lives of others at risk.

Explaining Plagiarism for Nursing students: An Educational Tool
John Goodwin *, Joan McCarthy
Catherine McAulley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork,Cork,
Teaching and learning in Nursing
journalhomepage:www.journals.elsevier.com/teaching-and- learning-in- Nursing

 SJ
Stephanie Jackson
replied toRose Francis
Apr 10, 2022, 8:12 AM


Replies to Rose Francis
Rose Francis, I totally agree that a person who is willing and knowingly commits
plagiarism in the classroom will most likely practice fraudulently. As nurses, it is our
responsibility to provide care that people can trust.
Chioma Nwachukwu
Posted Date
Apr 8, 2022, 9:56 AM
Replies to Billie Gabbard

Plagiarism involves making use of another writer's words,thoughts or illustrations
without acknowledging the source.(price, 2014). The rules of plagiarism might not be
acknowledged by students because they do not read the policies or decide not to
adhere to them. (souza,2016).
Some instances of plagiarism include the following;
Unintentional Plagiarism; oftentimes, caused by a writer not knowledgeable about
writing, paraphrasing and referencing skills. (De souza, 2016).
On the other hand, an intentional plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately copies
another's work and decides not to acknowledge the original author of the write up. The
aim of intentional plagiarism is to take credits for someone's thoughts and ideas.
Another good example of plagiarism can be seen in paraphrasing which conveys the
writer's own understanding. Paraphrasing improperly can contribute to plagiarism. While
the use of paraphrasing may seem straightforward, it has become apparent that its
misuse can be a big contributor to plagiarism (Rogerson & McCarthy, 2017).
Examination malpractice such as cheating which is often overlooked among college
students is another kind of plagiarism. students who cheat do not think of it as wrong.(
La Duke, 2013).
The nursing profession should be held to a high standard and placed in the hands of
individuals who are trustworthy, honest and have a good integrity. Committing
plagiarism would be a slap to the profession held in high esteem..

Plagiarism can affect student performance and impact evidenced based practice
created to affect change in patient care(La Duke, 2013). Such behavior is contrary to
the ethics for nurses; which summarizes the importance of maintaining and modeling
exemplary behaviors such as honesty and integrity.
Furthermore, committing plagiarism in nursing affects the image of the profession
before the general public. This is because the professional nurse is held in high esteem
as others place their life and well being in her care.

Although, plagiarism can be challenging and difficult to avoid due to the demanding
nature of the nursing profession; which involves wanting to get a host of tasks
completed as quickly as possible. There are ways to ensure academic integrity while
performing tasks or assignments.
Firstly, there should be an understanding of plagiarism and the negative effect on the
integrity of the nursing profession. This can begin with appropriate documentation of
assessment during patient's care. Avoiding falsification of the patient's record and
preventing one-size fits all documentation. The nursing assessment and documentation
should be individualized, clear and concise for each patient.
Finally, academic challenges in writing could be avoided with proper guidance and the
right resources. Proper guidance and adequate resources will help nurses become
effective writers and assist them in advancing professional goals and excellent practice.



LaDuke, R. D. (2013). Academic dishonesty today, unethical practices
tomorrow? Journal of Professional Nursing, 29(6), 402-406.

Rogerson, A., & McCarthy, G. (2017). Using Internet based paraphrasing tools: Original
work, patch writing or facilitated plagiarism? International Journal for Educational
Integrity, 13(1), 1-15. doi:10.1007/s40979-016-0013-y

Morgan, L. & Hart, L. (2013). Promoting academic integrity in an online RN-BSN
program. Nursing Education Perspectives, 34(4), 240-243. doi: 10.5480/1536-5026-

de Souza, J. (2016). The plagiarism problem—reflections on plagiarism and nursing
students. HLG Nursing Bulletin, 36(1), 18-23.
 PW
Pepper Wooters
replied toChioma Nwachukwu
Apr 9, 2022, 5:49 PM


Replies to Chioma Nwachukwu
Hi Chioma,
I am really drawn to your comments about plagiarism in professional nursing and
wondered why it's happening. Falkner (2018) said, "For instance, if students see no
fault in committing plagiarism throughout their educational journey, they may see no
fault in falsely documenting assessment data or details of a patient interaction." Is
the breakdown of integrity starting at the academic level, and is it preventable? Why
yes, it is. Let's take a walk down the moral and ethical path.
To do so, I hopped on the GCU library train and found my destination to be in an
article by Nurse Education in Practice Journal. In the medical field, we are taught not
to just treat the symptoms without finding the root cause of the symptoms. I like the
article because it investigates and tries to identify the possible roots of plagiarism,
why one starts to lose academic integrity, and how we can stop it (Smedley, A.
Crawford, T., & Colette, L. 2015).

"It was interesting to note that while all students perceived their knowledge of
plagiarism to be good in the initial survey, a significant reduction in perceived
knowledge was identified in the 20-24 year age group. This suggests that while they
may have felt confident in the initial part of the semester as their exposure to
learning increased, they became more perceptive of their lack of knowledge in the

area." (Smedley, A. Crawford, T., & Colette, L. 2015). If we can help students have
true self-reflection on their knowledge gaps, we may be able to identify deficits. In
doing this, we can build sound moral and ethical principles from the beginning.

On my self-reflection, I find the last sentence in the previous quote screaming in the
deepest depths of my eardrum. I am starting to see my learning deficits, and as I
continue to use the vast amount of resources provided to us, I realize the pool of
information I'm swimming in is now the ocean. They say prevention is key, so
resource center here I come.

I also need to be careful because I found myself going overboard on trying to find
information. The next thing I know, I have 20 web pages open, and I can't keep my
thoughts together. I realized today the Student Success Center has my very own
dashboard where I can heart my favorites. I have hearted some of my weaker
knowledge points so I may find the reference material faster, saving me time.




Smedley, A., Crawford, T., & Cloete, L. (2015). An intervention aimed at reducing
plagiarism in undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education in Practice, 15(3),
 RF
Rose Francis
replied toChioma Nwachukwu
Apr 11, 2022, 11:30 AM(edited)


Replies to Chioma Nwachukwu
Hi Chioma,
Smedley et al., (2015) concluded that educating students about academic honesty
can reduce the incidence of plagiarism. Some of the suggestions put forward by
Fischer and Zigmond (2011) include breaking down the writing task into more
manageable steps, drafting and outlining a document before the final submission,
making assignments relevant to the student’s interest and finally access to
plagiarism detection tools.

Fischer, B. A., & Zigmond, M. J. (2011). Educational approaches for discouraging
plagiarism. Urologic oncology, 29(1), 100–103.
Smedley, A., Crawford, T., & Cloete, L. (2015). An intervention aimed at reducing
plagiarism in undergraduate nursing students. Nurse education in practice, 15(3),

Migdalys Moliner Sochay
Posted Date
Apr 7, 2022, 6:23 PM
Replies to Billie Gabbard

One example of plagiarism is using another person’s thoughts, ideas, words, quotations
or phrases without showing acknowledgment of the information source(Grand Canyon
University, 2016). Another case of plagiarism is stealing original ideas or words of an
author unintentionally, takes away the power/ hard work of the writer effectively trying to
pass the author’s words as your own (Grand Canyon University, 2016). Neglecting the
use of references for sources used in your paper is another precedent of piracy(Grand
Canyon University, 2016).
Plagiarizing as a student affects the integrity of a baccalaureate, the public perception
of the nursing profession, and evidence-based practice because the goal of going to
school is to genuinely learn and be able to apply that knowledge to our professional
practice. Being charged with plagiarism could result in receiving zero credits or being
expelled from school. (Grand Canyon University, 2016) In order to ensure academic
integrity in my work, I am going to find information from reliable articles to support my
paper and give proper credit to authors. Follow assignment instructions is another
strategy that I can use.

Grand Canyon University. (2016). Plagiarism Tutorial. GCU YouTube video player.

 CN
Chioma Nwachukwu
replied toMigdalys Moliner Sochay
Apr 9, 2022, 9:58 PM(edited)


Replies to Migdalys Moliner Sochay
Hello Migdalys,

This statement caught my attention; neglecting the use of references for sources
used in your work is another precedent of piracy(Grand crayon university, 2016).
A huge uncertainty exists around what is constituted as plagiarism. Park et al(2013)
found that 44.8% of nursing students did not see an issue with copying the work of
another person and not giving them credit.. Whether intentional or not,plagiarism is
intellectual theft and such a student runs the risk of failure and expulsion from the
institution of study(Fischer&Zigmond 2011).
An important solution could be instilling standards of academic integrity in student
nurses during the early days of study to prevent them from carrying dishonest
practices into the work environment.
Educational institutions need to demonstrate a commitment to promoting academic
integrity at student, faculty and system levels(Woith et al, 2012).
Explaining Plagiarism for Nursing students: An Educational Tool
John Goodwin *, Joan McCarthy
Catherine McAulley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork,Cork,
Teaching and learning in Nursing
journalhomepage:www.journals.elsevier.com/teaching-and- learning-in- Nursing
 JW
Judith Wogu
replied toMigdalys Moliner Sochay
Apr 10, 2022, 10:46 AM
Replies to Migdalys Moliner Sochay
Hello Migdalys! This is a great post on plagiarism and its effects on academic
integrity. Baccalaureate-prepared nurses are required to show a scholarly level of
writing, which is an indication of academic achievement. Understanding plagiarism
and strategies for preventing it is a vital component of scholarly achievement (Eka &
Chambers, 2019). Plagiarism involves taking another person's idea without
acknowledging the author. Copying other people's work without acknowledging the

source amounts to theft and eliminates the credibility of the writer (Ewing et al.,
2019). As such, students should assess the content obtained from secondary
sources, summarize it in their words, and acknowledge the source. There are
various types of plagiarism. According to Carter et al., (2019), direct plagiarism
entails extracting a section of the author's work verbatim without attributing the
source or quoting and citing the work. Another type of plagiarism is accidental
plagiarism which occurs when a student ignores or fails to provide citations of their
sources and utilizes similar words, sentence structure, or combination of words
without attribution. Mosaic is another type of plagiarism that entails taking phrases
from the original author without accompanying quotation marks. Strategy to prevent
plagiarism entails summarizing the content, paraphrasing it, and acknowledging the
Carter, H., Hussey, J., & Forehand, J. W. (2019). Plagiarism in nursing education
and the ethical implications in practice. Heliyon, 5(3), e01350. DOI:
Eka, N. G. A., & Chambers, D. (2019). Incivility in nursing education: A systematic
literature review. Nurse education in practice, 39, 45-54.
Ewing, H., Mathieson, K., Anast, A., & Roehling, T. (2019). Student and faculty
perceptions of plagiarism in health sciences education. Journal of Further and
Higher Education, 43(1), 79-88. https://doi.org/10.1080/0309877X.2017.1356913
Alexandria Cortes
Posted Date
Apr 5, 2022, 1:20 PM(edited)
Replies to Billie Gabbard
Some examples of plagiarism include direct plagiarism which is copying a writer’s work
without attempt to acknowledge that the material was obtained from an external source.

Another example is insufficient citation of quotes which results from the lack of
incorporating proper quotation marks around another writer’s phrases. The last example
if paraphrasing without citing which involves a writer paraphrasing another writer’s work
without using proper citations which includes in text citations (Northern Illinois
University, 2022).
Plagiarizing as a student affects the integrity of a baccalaureate degree by
submitting assignments that are not a student’s honest work. This can result in receiving
zero credit and being expelled from the program (Grand Canyon University, 2016). As
nurses, we are upheld to a standard of honesty and integrity; Plagiarizing diminishes
this integrity when incorporating unacknowledged evidence based practice into health
care plans for our patients. I plan to maintain the integrity of my work by citing properly
for in-text citations as well as my reference page. I use resources such as owl Purdue to
ensure that I am citing correcting while using APA format.

Grand Canyon University. (2016). Plagiarism Tutorial. GCU YouTube video player.
Northern Illinois University (2022). Examples of plagiarism: Academic integrity tutorial.
 CW
Cassidy Wright
replied toAlexandria Cortes
Apr 8, 2022, 8:40 PM


Replies to Alexandria Cortes
Hi Alexandria,
That is a very important comment that plagiarism affects the integrity of a
Baccalaureate degree, and that is why it is so important to always cite sources in
text, and use a reference page to maintain the integrity of your work. I agree its also
important to always site sources even when just paraphrasing a statement made by
someone else and give credit to the original writer. Insightful post!

 CN
Chioma Nwachukwu
replied toAlexandria Cortes
Apr 10, 2022, 5:31 AM(edited)


Replies to Alexandria Cortes
Hello Alexandria,
It is so funny and interesting how deep plagiarism has eaten into many of our
writings unaware. The write up by John Goodwin *, Joan McCarthy which gives an
in depth explanation on plagiarism indicated that plagiarism cuts across several
pieces of information we write. Examples include copying and pasting,Patch
working, Minimalist paraphrasing and the twisted Grapevine.

An investigation by Thornock (2013) about nursing students and academic integrity.
She concentrated on the classroom as well as the relationship between dishonesty,
such as plagiarism, and patient-centered care.

To prevent ethical issues and poor outcomes, deterrence of this type of behavior
was encouraged early on. Thornock (2013) also addressed the significance of
plagiarism in nursing education as a moral concern. She agreed with the nurse
educator's overall goal of preparing students to provide safe and effective care, but
she sees plagiarism as a potential barrier to achieving that goal.

Thornock S.B.
Proactive solutions to academic dishonesty.
Open J. Nurs. 2013; 3: 552-556


Explaining Plagiarism for Nursing students: An Educational Tool
John Goodwin *, Joan McCarthy
Catherine McAulley School of Nursing and Midwifery, University College Cork,Cork,
Teaching and learning in Nursing
journalhomepage:www.journals.elsevier.com/teaching-and- learning-in- Nursing
 RF
Rose Francis
replied toAlexandria Cortes
Apr 10, 2022, 9:24 AM


Replies to Alexandria Cortes
Hi Alexandra,
I have also watched the Plagiarism tutorial video from GCU and found it to be a
really useful. It was short and consise and covered the most important aspects of
dealing with plagiarism such as summarising, paraphrasing and quotation. I also
agree with you that plagiarising if not addressed affects the integrity of the degree.
 JW
Judith Wogu
replied toAlexandria Cortes
Apr 10, 2022, 10:46 AM
Replies to Alexandria Cortes
Hello Alexandria! This is a clear and detailed post on plagiarism and its effects on
academic integrity. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense, which amounts to

dishonesty and violates the ethical structure for maintaining professionalism in future
nursing practice. The consequences of failing to maintain academic integrity include
the potential for making misinformed decisions during clinical practice, which can
lead to poor patient outcomes and reduced patient satisfaction with care (Goodwin &
McCarthy, 2020). A student who involves in academic dishonesty is likely to ignore
professional standards and policies in future clinical practice. Plagiarism also has
far-reaching implications for public perception of professional nursing practice.
Academic dishonesty is a great affront to the nursing profession, which is reputable
in the public perception as an ethical, honest, and trustworthy field (Carter et al.,
2019). Plagiarism can also lead to a crop of baccalaureate-prepared nurses who
cannot assess and understand the nursing concepts during clinical practice or are
unable to comprehend the current practices and their impact on patient care or the
nursing profession.

Carter, H., Hussey, J., & Forehand, J. W. (2019). Plagiarism in nursing education
and the ethical implications in practice. Heliyon, 5(3), e01350. DOI:
Goodwin, J., & McCarthy, J. (2020). Explaining plagiarism for nursing students: An
educational tool. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 15(3), 198-203.

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