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NRS 428 Discussion: Social Determinants of Health

NRS 428 Discussion Social Determinants of Health

Topic 2 DQ 1

Description:

What are social determinants of health? Explain how social determinants of health contribute to the development of disease. Describe the fundamental idea that the communicable disease chain model is designed to represent. Give an example of the steps a nurse can take to break the link within the communicable disease chain.

Resources within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.

Social Determinants of Health is described as the conditions under which people are born, grow, live, work, and age and the underlying drivers of these situations. However, evidence shows that socioeconomic factors such as money, wealth, and education are the root causes of many health outcomes (Chu et al., 2019). In addition to the substantial and extensively reported connections between a wide range of health indicators and measures of individuals’ socioeconomic resources or social standing, often income, educational achievement, or rank in an occupational hierarchy also support the health impact of social variables.

The idea of communicable disease chain model is designed to explain the spread of infection from one person to another and that individuals can break the chain or reduce the risk at any point hence the spread of disease is stopped (Bronson & Seshiah, 2021). An infection occurs when the presence of a pathogen leads to a chain of events which includes a causative organism, a reservoir of available organisms, a portal of exit from the reservoir, a mode of transmission from the reservoir to the host, and a mode of entry into the susceptible host.

Nurses must clearly understand the elements of the chain of infection in order to identify points at which they can intervene to interrupt the chain, thus protecting patients, themselves, and others from infectious diseases. Educating patients decreases their risk of becoming infected and the sequel of infection (Schwamm, 2018). The nurse uses appropriate barrier precautions or standard precautions, ensuring aseptic care of intravenous (IV) catheters, and other invasive equipment, and observing prudent hand washing before and after care to break the chain and stop the spread of infection

References

Bronson, S. C., & Seshiah, V. (2021). Transgenerational transmission of non-communicable diseases: How to break the vicious cycle? Cureus76(9), 127-139. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.18754

Chu, M., Hardiman, M., & Ridderhof, J. (2019). Reporting of communicable diseases under the international health regulations. Control of Communicable Diseases90(5), 20-23. https://doi.org/10.2105/ccdml.2868.010

Schwamm, L. H. (2018). The communicable nature of non-communicable diseases. The Lancet Neurology17(8), 665-671. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-4422(18)30216-3

Great job on you post.

The social determinants of health are crucial because of the impact they might have on an individual’s present and future health. Poor

NRS 428 Discussion Social Determinants of Health

NRS 428 Discussion Social Determinants of Health

health, for example, is more common among those born into low-income families than among those born into wealthy ones. Since low-income people are

more likely to reside in areas with substandard educational opportunities, inadequate food

supplies, and restricted access to medical care, these factors contribute to the cycle of poverty.

There are several social factors that might affect one’s health, but some of the most significant include an individual financial level in society. Knowing these social determinants of health helps to eradicate many looming health problems. There are strategies we must use to implement the ways to curtail these health risks. Patients that are in low socioeconomic areas should get better healthcare to prevent being predispose to health issues(Green S., 2018).

Green, S. (2018). Epidemiology and Global Health. Community and Public Health: The Future of Health Care. Retrieved from: https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/3

 

Social determinants of health (SDH) are economic and social factors that affect people’s health. They are working and living situations that get experienced every day. As a result, SDH may have a positive or negative effect on people’s health. For example, disparities in income and education have a negative health impact on people living in poverty. When poor people congregate in a poor area, the consequences are amplified (Kelley, 2020). As a consequence, social determinants of health such as stigma, limited schooling, inadequate access to health services, and inequality are some of the reasons that lead to health inequities. A lack of awareness about how to adapt to living a healthier life, for example, can cause an individual to make decisions that lead to disease.

The chain of infection refers to the process of disease transmission, by which patients become infected with communicable disease. Infection begins when the infecting agent leaves it’s reservoir through a portal of exit and is transmitted to the patient through a portal of entry. Any break in this chain or barrier to this process can delay infection or prevent it completely. Overall, the chain of infection model clarifies the communicable disease transmission from one person (host) to another (O’Leary & Fox, 2020). The fundamental idea exemplified in the infection chain is that people are capable of breaking the chain (reducing the risk) at any point, hence stopping the disease transmission.

As such, breaking any connection on the chain of contamination can forestall the event of another illness. Nurses and other healthcare professionals are responsible for educating their patients on how to control infection by rehearsing disease control measures (Gade et al., 2022). For example, hand-washing, covering the mouth and nose with a tissue or fabric while hacking or sniffling, and legitimate removal of utilized tissues or materials break the chain at transmission.

References

Gade, S., Lakra, A., Bhadarge, G., & Gawande, U. (2022). Breaking the chain of transmission of COVID-19 by social distancing. ECS Transactions107(1), 20283-20288. https://doi.org/10.1149/10701.20283ecst

Kelley, A. (2020). Planning a social determinants of health focused evaluation. Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health56(7), 37-62. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003047810-3

O’Leary, C., & Fox, C. (2020). Commissioning and social determinants: Evidence and opportunities. Local Authorities and the Social Determinants of Health45(11), 269-282. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447356233.003.0015

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Communicable diseases alongside malnutrition, account for most deaths in complicated emergencies. Factors merchandising sickness transmission engage synergistically main to excessive incidence rates of diarrhea, respiratory infection, malaria, and measles (WHO, 2019). This excess morbidity and mortality are avoidable as high-quality interventions are available. Adequate shelter, water, food, and sanitation linked to great case management, immunization, fitness education, and disorder surveillance are crucial. However, transport mechanisms are often compromised by the loss of health staff, damage to infrastructure, insecurity, and poor coordination. Although development has been made in managing particular communicable ailments in camp settings, complex emergencies affecting massive geographical areas or complete international locations pose a larger challenge. Available interventions want to be carried out more systematically in complex emergencies with higher degrees of coordination between governments, UN agencies, and non-governmental organizations (WHO, 2019). In addition, research is needed to adapt and simplify interventions and to discover novel diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies.

Reference

WHO | World Health Organization. (2019, May 30). Social determinants of health. https://www.who.int/health-topics/social-determinants-of-health#tab=tab_1

Excellent post, Agnes! Your post is concise and detailed and I agree with your propositions. Your definition of social determinants of health is also accurate and clear. A social determinant of health of SDOH can be defined as “conditions contributing or hindering a person’s well-being” (Chu et al., 2019). Examples of these conditions would be where people are born, grow, live, play, learn, worship, work, and age. These social determinants can increase the risk of illness if there is poverty, poor housing, social exclusion, bad sanitation, contaminated water, insufficient healthy food sources, poor health care access, and inadequate health systems (Bronson & Seshiah, 2021). These would be a few of the biological, environmental, social, as well as economic variables that can have an impact on a person’s ability to have as well as maintain good health. Thank you.

 

References

Bronson, S. C., & Seshiah, V. (2021). Transgenerational transmission of non-communicable diseases: How to break the vicious cycle? Cureus76(9), 127-139. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.18754

Chu, M., Hardiman, M., & Ridderhof, J. (2019). Reporting of communicable diseases under the international health regulations. Control of Communicable Diseases90(5), 20-23. https://doi.org/10.2105/ccdml.2868.010

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