NRS 428 Benchmark – Community Teaching Plan Community Teaching Work Plan Proposal
Nurses’ primary responsibility is to ensure people live healthily. They achieve this goal by engaging in health promotion programs, education and awareness initiatives, and early treatment of diseases, among other professional responsibilities. At the community level, preventive measures, vulnerabilities, and prevalence of diseases vary depending on social determinants of health (SDOH). In response, community teaching is a practical strategy for enabling individuals and communities to live productively and healthily. It seeks to make people more knowledgeable to avoid risky behaviors, seek timely medication, and adopt preventive health measures. The purpose of this paper is to describe the teaching experience after conducting community teaching.
Summary of Teaching Plan
The community teaching focused on young adults below twenty-five years. Regardless of where people live, young people are among the highly vulnerable populations due to their inadequate knowledge of health matters and increased likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors (Nutter et al., 2019). Generally, they are more likely to experiment with life than other age groups, putting them at more risk related to alcoholism, gaming, sexual behaviors, and substance abuse. Due to the high vulnerability of young adults, community health nurses should ensure that they are adequately aware of the consequences of their behaviors, healthy living strategies, and preventive health benefits. Community education is also a suitable strategy for changing young people’s attitudes toward health and health-related behaviors.
The community teaching exercise had several objectives in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domain. In the cognitive domain, the participants were to identify obesity’s causes, risk factors, and its implications on health after the session. The other objective in the cognitive domain was to improve the participants’ knowledge of the damaging effects of obesity. As a result, they were to effortlessly describe the health effects of obesity and the benefits of preventive health. In the affective domain, the participants were to commence their journey to healthy living by describing personal strategies for obesity prevention. In the psychomotor domain, the participants developed an individualized physical activity plan and dietary interventions to prevent obesity.
Since the teaching goal is to pass information, the delivery methods should suit the participants. The methods should perfectly match the attending group’s knowledge level, age, and adaptation to different learning environments. As a result, the teaching was primarily a presentation in the community health center’s social hall. A presentation is a suitable delivery method when teaching a large group. The teaching center also accommodated many participants hence educating a large group.
Epidemiological Rationale for Topic
Health care professionals should regularly assess the population’s health to determine areas requiring immediate interventions. Health statistics show the severity of a situation, which justifies instant responses. Broadly, lifestyle and nutritional diseases adversely affect individuals and communities. They are a leading cause of preventable deaths and an overall reduction in community productivity. Other adverse effects include increasing health costs and the number of people with chronic illnesses.
Health statistics demonstrate the severity of obesity as a public health concern. As a risk to young adults’ health and productivity, obesity’s prevalence has increased over time, which indicates that the current populace is at a higher risk than ever before. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), obesity prevalence increased from 30.5% in 2000 to 41.9% in 2020 (CDC, 2022). An increase of over 10% prevalence in two decades illustrates that the current health programs have not succeeded in controlling the menace. It also predicts that the prevalence is likely to increase as time advances.
The increasing prevalence of obesity predicts several dangers. Bendor et al. (2020) explained that an increase in obesity rates triggers a proportional increase in obesity-related conditions such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. Such diseases are challenging to manage for individuals, their families, and health care providers. CDC (2022) reported that the treatment and management cost of obesity has increased, considering that the annual medical cost of obesity reached $173 billion in 2019. Considering the damaging effects of obesity on productivity, health, well-being, and health management, prevention should be a priority area. Hence, community teaching focusing in preventive health would help to achieve this goal.
Nurses should establish healthy relationships with patients and communities at all practice levels. They should engage in community visits, screening programs, community education, and other strategies for strengthening relationships. The community teaching session provided an excellent opportunity for nurse-community interaction. In such a session, participants describe their lifestyles, health behaviors, attitudes, and other elements that health care professionals can use to determine appropriate interventions. The close interaction further improves the confidence people have in care providers. It can also change people’s attitudes and mindsets, enabling them to seek health assistance when needed.
Besides strengthening the nurse-community bond, the community teaching exercise also offered an excellent opportunity for
implementing learning theories. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was implemented during the community teaching exercise. Luquis and Kensinger (2019) described HBM as a model developed to examine the factors affecting people’s failure to utilize disease prevention strategies for early disease detection. Health care providers can also use HBM to understand people’s response and compliance with medical treatment depending on their perception of illnesses’ threats and how various intervention measures benefit them. Guided by HBM’s guiding principles, the community teaching exercise focused on exploring people’s perceptions and current interventions and how to improve them to enhance compliance, prevention, and early disease detection.
The community teaching exercise also offered a perfect opportunity for a community health nurse to promote healthy living and community productivity. At all levels, health care professionals need satisfaction, motivation, and support. Engaging in practices that enable them achieve better health results is among the leading sources of satisfaction and intrinsic motivation. Accordingly, teaching communities to enable people transform behaviors and understand health and diseases gives inner satisfaction. It is also among the forces that push nurses and other health care professionals to choose the demanding and challenging career.
Community Response to Teaching
After preparing the teaching plan and inviting the targeted audience, the next step is an engaging session. Despite the preparation, study site, teaching strategies, or resources, outcomes depend on the community’s response. Overall, the response was positive and could be demonstrated by various factors. The first indicator was the encouraging attendance that surpassed the target. The second indicator was active participation. Participants asked questions, exchanged information, and readily engaged in learning activities such as group discussions and case analysis as requested. The third indicator was the extent to which the participants shared information. They willingly shared their lifestyles and health plans to learn and motivate each other.
There were also various after-session indicators of a positive community response. For instance, the participants asked questions on areas that required further information or clarity. Doing so showed interest in the information and determination to utilize what was taught. The participants also formed support groups to motivate and guide each other. Support groups are also excellent channels for sharing information and monitoring each other. The young adults also shared their contacts, dietary plans, and physical activity plans, further demonstrating their commitment to behavior change.
Areas of Strengths and Areas of Improvement
The community teaching exercise had many positives/areas of strength. Besides active participation, multiple learning strategies were utilized. They included a PowerPoint presentation, sharing educational materials, group discussions, and question-answer sessions. To facilitate inclusive instruction, teachers should use diverse teaching strategies to effectively respond to learners’ diversity (Parrish, 2019). Despite belonging to the same age group, the participants differed in terms of race, religion, social classes, and education levels. All these factors affect how they receive, understand, and perceive information. Therefore, it is crucial to mix learning strategies as much as possible. The other area of strength was setting ground rules. Like any other teaching exercise with diverse learners, it is possible to encounter rogue participants. Ground rules helped to control such participants and promote active participation. Engagement was also among the positives of the teaching exercise. It ensured that the exercise was learner-centered as much as possible. Everybody got an equal chance to participate, seek individual support, and ask questions.
Despite these strengths, the teaching exercise also had some weaknesses. For instance, it was not free from noise and interruptions. Although minimal, noise and interruptions are significant learning barriers that cannot be overlooked. The other weakness was inadequate time. The allocated time was four hours. However, the participants asked many questions that required answers and illustrations. This affected other activities such as group discussions and the presentation that got lesser time than initially planned. A flexible teaching exercise can help to address this challenge in the future.
Communities require people that are adequately conversant with health, diseases, and all health-related matters such as immunization and screening. Community health nurses should use their skills and experience to help communities live healthily and productively by helping them to prevent and respond to health issues. The community teaching exercise focused on helping young adults prevent and manage obesity. Young adults are highly vulnerable to obesity since they engage in risky behaviors such as eating fatty and sugary foods and increased screen time. The exercise was highly positive; the participants formed support groups and exchanged vital information and dietary plans, which showed determination to adopt healthy lifestyles.
Bendor, C. D., Bardugo, A., Pinhas-Hamiel, O., Afek, A., & Twig, G. (2020). Cardiovascular morbidity, diabetes and cancer risk among children and adolescents with severe obesity. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 19(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-020-01052-1
CDC. (2022). Adult obesity facts. https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
Luquis, R. R., & Kensinger, W. S. (2019). Applying the health belief model to assess prevention services among young adults. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education, 57(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/14635240.2018.1549958
Nutter, S., Ireland, A., Alberga, A. S., Brun, I., Lefebvre, D., Hayden, K. A., & Russell-Mayhew, S. (2019). Weight bias in educational settings: A systematic review. Current Obesity Reports, 8(2), 185-200. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-019-00330-8
Parrish, N. (2019). Ensuring that instruction is inclusive for diverse learners. Edutopia.
Topic 2 DQ 1
What are social determinants of health? Explain how social determinants of health contribute to the development of disease. Describe the fundamental idea that the communicable disease chain model is designed to represent. Give an example of the steps a nurse can take to break the link within the communicable disease chain.
Resources within your text covering international/global health, and the websites in the topic materials, will assist you in answering this discussion question.
The social determinants of health are the conditions of birth, development, employment, living, and aging. They include income, education, housing, and work (Social Determinants of Health, 2018). The social determinants of health are linked to health outcomes and health disparities. A growing body of research has shown that addressing the social determinants of health can improve health outcomes and reduce health disparities. There are many ways to address the social determinants of health. Some approaches include policy changes, community-based initiatives, and individual-level interventions. It is important to note that no one method is suitable for everyone and that different approaches may work better in various settings.
There is growing evidence that social determinants of health play a significant role in disease development. For example, studies have shown that factors such as poverty, poor housing, and lack of access to healthcare can lead to a higher incidence of disease (World Health Organization, n.d). In addition, social determinants of health can also affect the course of an illness and make it more challenging to manage. Therefore, it is a crucial issue to consider, as social determinants of health can significantly impact human health and well-being. Thus, ensuring everyone has access to the resources they need to maintain a healthy lifestyle is vital.
The communicable disease chain model illustrates the transmission and control of infectious diseases. The pathogen, reservoir, portal of exit, method of transmission, the portal of entry, and new host are the six different linkages that make up the model. According to Study.com (2019), each link in the chain plays a specific role, and each one can be broken or interrupted in various ways. For example, a nurse might perform multiple actions to break the chain of infectious diseases. Some of the most popular steps a nurse may use include, but are not limited to, adequate hand washing, wearing PPEs, using all necessary safety precautions, and using the proper sterilization and cleaning methods.
In conclusion, social determinants of health significantly impact individuals’ well-being. Therefore, nurses should understand them and incorporate better practices to prevent the spread of diseases.
Social Determinants of Health. (November 30, 2018). Social Determinants of Health. Healthy People. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives/topic/social-determinants-of-health
Study.com. (2019). Chain of Infection: Definition & Example. Retrieved from https://study.com/academy/lesson/chain-of-infection-definition-example.html
World Health Organization (n.d). Social determinants of health. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/social_determinants/sdh_definition/en/