HLT-362V-O503 Topic 3 Article Analysis 2 GCU
Article Analysis 2
(Der Ananian, Winham, Thompson & Tisue, 2018).
(Carnethon et al., 2017).
|Broad Topic Area/Title||Heart-related diseases. The objective is to examine attitude, knowledge, and perceptions of African Americans regarding cardiovascular diseases.||Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among African Americans. Here, the objective is to describe CVD health with an intention of pointing out unique considerations to manage and prevent disease.|
|Define Hypotheses||African Americans face a disproportionately increased risk of chronic conditions including CVD compared to other racial or ethnic groups.||The load of CVD is relatively higher among African Americans and characterizes the major cause of disparities in life expectancy compared whites.|
|Define Independent and Dependent Variables and Types of Data for Variables||The dependent variable was cardiovascular disease while independent variable was race/ethnicity.||The dependent variable was cardiovascular disease while independent variable was race/ethnicity.|
|Population of Interest for the Study||The study is focused on African Americans||The study is focused on African Americans|
|Sample||Focused group comprising of a sample size of 103 participants were used in the study (Der Ananian, Winham, Thompson & Tisue, 2018, P.2).||The study focused on African Americans as a community (Carnethon et al., 2017, P. 1).|
|Sampling Method||Only African Americans were eligible for study ranging from the ages of 25-60 years and living in Arizona at the recruitment time. Participants were reached through email listservs, snowball sampling, agencies serving African American community, flyers, and civic organizations. The study was organized in focused groups and a total of fourteen focused groups were used in the study (Der Ananian, Winham, Thompson & Tisue, 2018, P.2).||Sampling was conducted by looking for relevant information from PubMed and Medline libraries. Besides, online sources obtained from CDC were also used.
|How Were Data Collected?||Data collection was conducted through series of questionnaires that were completed by participants at the focused group venue.||The primary data sources were obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) online sources and PubMed/Medline libraries.|
Carnethon, M. R., Pu, J., Howard, G., Albert, M. A., Anderson, C. A., Bertoni, A. G., & Yancy, C. W. (2017). Cardiovascular health in African Americans: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 136(21), e393-e423.
Der Ananian, C., Winham, D., Thompson, S., & Tisue, M. (2018). Perceptions of heart-healthy behaviors among African American Adults: A mixed methods study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(11), 2433.
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Topic 4 DQ 2
Sep 5-9, 2022
Describe the difference between research and quality improvement. Provide a workplace example where qualitative and quantitative research is applied and how it was used within your organization. When replying to peers, discuss how these research findings might be incorporated into another health care setting.
REPLY TO DISCUSSION
While research leads to Quality Improvements (QI), the purpose of performing analysis is to find new knowledge about the effect of a
medicine, treatment, or procedure. (Helbig 2018) QI then is developed a plan and initiating into a program. The reason for QI is to provide cost-efficient and better care to our clients. QI is data-driven and usually done to improve the quality of care provided to patients(Helbig, 2018)
Six Sigma is a way to streamline the process to increase favorable outcomes. This has two main focuses. The first focus is the waste reduction in the process that increases processing times.
The second focus is on the elimination of defects or risk reduction.
My ER housed our blood culture bottles in our locked pharmacy room behind the nurses’ station. IV supplies are housed in carts throughout the department. When the nurse or tech plans to start an IV and obtain diagnostic lab draws, all collections are housed on the coaches. If the provider requested to have blood culture samples removed, the person had to walk across the unit to access the locked pharmacy room and pick up the blood culture bottles. This added extra time and a delay in obtaining the time-sensitive lab draw. I timed myself through the day and realized I was wasting 5 minutes per blood culture dray per person. I then multiply this by four staff members and the total times an average of 15 patients in a 12-hour shift for one day. The entire time wasted was 400 minutes for one day shift in our ER.
I brought this to our Clinical Manager and showed her the rough data collected and the impact of time that could be spent better well served. She evaluated the data and then moved the culture bottles to the IV start cart to decrease this time. The additional time is better spent at the bedside caring for our patients.
Helbig, J. (2018). Applied Statistics for Health Care. Grand Canyon University. https://lc.gcumedia.com/hlt362v/applied-statistics-for-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/4
Your “The first focus is the waste reduction in the process that increases processing times” and “The second focus is on the elimination of defects or risk reduction” examples were remarkable.
An example of the use of quantitative study in that is health-related is an investigation to determine the educational and psychological effects of of the pandemic on US medical students and their reactions to the AAMC recommendation to pause medical students clinical rotations with in-person patient care. The authors sent a cross-sectional survey via email to medical students in their clinical training years at six clinical schools during the initial peak phase of the COVID-19’s impact on medical education; ethical obligations during a pandemic; infection risk; anxiety and burnout; willingness and needed preparations to return to clinical rotations.
Stokes, D., (2020). Senior medical students in COVID-19 response: an opportunity to be proactive. Acad Emerg Med. 2020;27(4):343-5.