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HLT 362 Topic 2 Discussion Question Two

HLT 362 Topic 2 Discussion Question Two

Topic 2 DQ 2

Using the research article selected for DQ 1, identify three key questions you will ask and answer when reading the research study and why these questions are important. When responding to peers, provide other questions and answers that could be considered in relation to the peers’ studies.



The research study I selected in DQ 1 was “Spiritual and Religious Issues of Stigmatization Women with Infertility: A Qualitative Study: Spiritual and Religious Issues of Stigmatization” by Akarsu & Beji in 2021. Three key questions that I will ask about the research selected are as follows:

Question 1: What is the significance of this study?


The significance of this study was to determine the perceptions of women with infertility on stigma and religious and spiritual issues of stigmatization (Akarsu & Beji, 2021). The desire to have children is the focal point of women’s physical well-being. As a result, issues linked to raising children are viewed as flaws in women. Women’s social obligation to have children affects how their infertility is considered (Forsythe, as cited in Akarsu & Beji, 2021). Deficiency in reproductive functions causes social stigmatization due to cultural norms, beliefs, and values. Infertility is an important issue for both sexes because it is an instinctive biologic behavior to have offspring, but also an important issue to be a family as a part of a community. It is also an important issue for medical caregivers working in infertility to deal with and determine the psychological aspects of infertility.

Question 2: How was the data collected?


The data was collected by conducting a 30- 60-minute interview, which consisted of open-ended questions. Subjects were interviewed

HLT 362 Topic 2 Discussion Question Two

HLT 362 Topic 2 Discussion Question Two

in a quiet and calm room near the polyclinics. The researcher transcribed interviews during the interview since none of the issues gave consent for voice recording (Akarsu & Beji, 2021). Data were coded, and related themes were formed using the content analysis method. These themes included reasons for experiencing infertility, current emotional states, families’ reactions to infertility, people’s general opinions about women with infertility, and the effects of meeting with people who were aware of their stigma.

Question 3: What was the method of sampling?


This qualitative study was conducted with the voluntary participation of women diagnosed with infertility and monitored in the obstetrics and gynecology polyclinics at the Bozok University Practice and Research Hospital (Akarsu & Beji, 2021). The phenomenological method was used for the study consisting of a research sample of 12 women with infertility selected through the criterion sampling method (Yıldırım [26] as cited in Akarsu & Beji, 2021). The phenomenological approach aims to describe, understand and interpret the meanings of experiences of human life. It focuses on research questions such as what it is like to experience a particular situation (Bloor & Wood, 2006). Criterion sampling involves selecting subjects that meet some predetermined criterion of the study.


Bloor, M. & Wood, F. (2006). Phenomenological methods. In Keywords in qualitative methods (pp. 129-130). SAGE Publications Ltd, https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781849209403

Höbek Akarsu, R., & Kızılkaya Beji, N. (2021). Spiritual and Religious Issues of Stigmatization Women with Infertility: A Qualitative Study: Spiritual and Religious Issues of Stigmatization. Journal of Religion and Health, 60(1), 256–267. https://doi- org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s10943-019-00884-w

Ryan, Christina. (2018). Population and Sampling Distributions. Retrieved from:


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Hello Irene,

You really did a good using this qualitative research method because, qualitative designs do not generally draw samples from large-scale data sets. The problem of adequate validity or reliability is a major criticism. Because of the subjective nature of qualitative data and its origin in single contexts, it is difficult to apply conventional standards of reliability and validity. For example, because of the central role played by the researcher in the generation of data, it is not possible to replicate qualitative studies. Also, contexts, situations, events, conditions, and interactions cannot be replicated to any extent nor can generalizations be made to a wider context than the one studied with any confidence The time required for data collection, analysis and interpretation are lengthy. Analysis of qualitative data is difficult and expert knowledge of an area is necessary to try to interpret qualitative data, and great care must be taken when doing so. Good Job my friend.


Berger, R. (2015). Now I see it, now I don’t: Researcher’s position and reflexivity in qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 15 (2), 219-234. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468794112468475


Hi Irene,

It is important to question the quality of evidence as it enhances the study and the way it can be applied. In order to increase the validity and reliability of research standardization is a procedure employed by researchers. The rationale behind the procedure is that objective scientific findings must be non-contradictory and replicable (Weinberg, 2007). Standardization is thought to fortify scientists against the biases that may otherwise be introduced into research by things like their own personal characteristics and/or the characteristics of the particular social contexts within which research is conducted (Weinberg, 2007). The standardization of research methods secures uniformity in the scientific enterprise to conduct meaningful and productive dialogue and debate(Weinberg, 2007). Standardized methods facilitate confidence among researchers conforming to them that they and others who also conform are gathering new knowledge about the same empirical phenomena(Weinberg, 2007). Standardizing scientific research methods not only to make them uniform among scientists studying the same things, but also to ensure that a certain level of excellence is maintained (Weinberg, 2007).


Weinberg, D. (2007 Februrary 15). Standardization. The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781405165518.wbeoss247

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