DQ 1: Compare and contrast two nursing theories.
Compare and contrast two nursing theories. How do they differ based on their intent, scope, and
goals? Which one might be more relevant to your future role, and why?
The interactive model of Hildegard Peplau and systems model of Callista Roys adaptation theory
are comparable and contrasting in many ways. Through all the nursing theories, an individual can
be immersed into a deeper sense of understanding and relational concepts of the nurse patient
relationship. Different components weave together a structure of higher-level reasoning and
prompts introspection of one’s own professional practice. Every individual nurse has a unique
personality, and I feel as though nursing theories help fill the internal gaps associated with things
such as upbringing, learned behaviors, healthy relationships and effective communication.
The interactive model of Hildegard Peplau emphasizes the fact that the patient is ultimately in
charge of their plan of care. The patient needs to be respected as a proactive member of their
proposed treatment plan. Peplau characterizes three phases of the nurse-patient relationship;
Orientation, working and termination. Orientating one’s self to the patient as the nurse is a very
important process. This phase defines trust, compassion and solidifies positive repour within the
nurse patient relationship. Working with the patient, you are providing not only physical care, but
also education, support and counseling. This phase is not just task oriented, but focuses on the
important position the nurse has in being a vital resource within all areas of the patients
needs. Terminating treatment is referring to the discharge process, and many times is crucial to
the patient’s continued health and well-being. The discharge plan is thoroughly looked over by the
whole medical team and adjusted as necessary (Tourville, 2003).
Read Also:DQ 2: How will your worldview and cultural and spiritual competence affect your role and scope of practice as an advance registered nurse?
The systems model of Callista Roys adaptation theory focuses on the influence of environment on
the patient, and the level of adaptability within the surroundings. There are four modes of
adaptation that include physiological, self-concept, role function, and interdependence. Increased
ability to adapt to different biological, psychological, and social situations can have a huge
influence on healing and recovery (Tourville, 2003).
Both theories incorporate the importance of individuality and self-sufficiency within the patient’s
body, mind and spirit. Both these theories open up deeper aspects of the healing process which
can help lead the nurse to identify and stabilize any rectifiable weaknesses the patient may be
experiencing. Peplaus approach uses a step-by-step with intervals while Roys approach is
environmental and affirms the great importance of atmosphere and becoming comfortable with the
inevitable changes of day to day life.
As a nurse educator, Roys adaptation theory may be more relevant to my future APN role. The
Systems Model is used by many schools of nursing as the basis for their curricula (Tourville,
2003). Setting a positive healthy tone and energy within a room full of students directly influences
the ability and motivation to learn and retain information. Positive environments help lead the way
for openness and adaptation.
Tourville, C., Ingalls, K. (2003). The living tree of nursing theories. Nursing Forum. 38(3), 21-30,
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.
Grading Rubric Guidelines
Demonstrates achievement of scholarly inquiry for professional and academic decisions.
|Application of Course Knowledge –
Demonstrate the ability to analyze, synthesize, and/or apply principles and concepts learned in the course lesson and outside readings and relate them to real-life professional situations
Replies to each graded thread topic posted by the course instructor, by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. MT, of each week, and posts a minimum of two times in each graded thread, on separate days.
(5 points possible per graded thread)
Summarizes what was learned from the lesson, readings, and other student posts for the week.
|Minus 1 Point||Minus 2 Point||Minus 3 Point||Minus 4 Point||Minus 5 Point|
|Grammar, Syntax, APA
Note: if there are only a few errors in these criteria, please note this for the student in as an area for improvement. If the student does not make the needed corrections in upcoming weeks, then points should be deducted.
Points deducted for improper grammar, syntax and APA style of writing.
The source of information is the APA Manual 6th Edition
|0 points lost||-5 points lost|
|Total Participation Requirements
per discussion thread
|The student answers the threaded discussion question or topic on one day and posts a second response on another day.||The student does not meet the minimum requirement of two postings on two different days|
|Early Participation Requirement
per discussion thread
|The student must provide a substantive answer to the graded discussion question(s) or topic(s), posted by the course instructor (not a response to a peer), by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. MT of each week.||The student does not meet the requirement of a substantive response to the stated question or topic by Wednesday at 11:59 pm MT.|