Discussion: NR 602 Week 7 Graves Disease Sample
GRAVES DISEASE (E05.0)
Hyperthyroidism is the overproduction of thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland. Longer menstrual periods with heavier flow and more cramps can be sign of hypothyroidism, where thyroid hormones are short supply. Periods may be closer together. With hyperthyroidism, high levels of TH cause menstrual irregularities in different way (Hyperthyroidism, 2018). Periods are shorter, farther apart and may be very little. On the other hand, Graves’ disease (GD) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hyperthyroidism which is overproduction of thyroid hormones as a result of the activity of autoantibodies directed against thyroid antigens (Boling, et al., 2018) . Frequent laboratory findings in GD include decreased serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), elevated serum levels of T3 and free T4, elevated iodine levels in the thyroid gland, and the presence of thyroid-stimulating antibodies (Hussain, et al., 2017). Therefore, in this scernerio, if the TSH level is low then it indicates the hyperthyroidism and possibly Graves’ disease.
Women are more likely to get Graves’ disease than men. Graves’ disease also affects women differently than men. In addition to causing heart problems and osteoporosis, Graves’ disease in women can cause:
- Problems with the menstrual period. The thyroid hormone can affect the menstrual cycle. Too much thyroid hormone can cause irregular menstrual periods and make the periods lighter than normal (Quintono-Moro, et al., 2014)
- Problems getting pregnant. Irregular menstrual cycles can make it harder for women with Graves’ disease to get pregnant. About half of women with Graves’ disease have problems getting pregnant (Quintono-Moro, et al., 2014)
- Problems during pregnancy. Graves’ disease can cause problems during pregnancy and for the unborn baby’s development (Quintono-Moro, et al., 2014)
- Problems after pregnancy. Graves’ disease often gets better during the last three months of pregnancy, but it may get worse after delivery (Quintono-Moro, et al., 2014)
NR 602 Week 7 Graves Disease
Boling, B. R. D. C.-C., & Karakashian, A. R. B. (2018). Graves’ Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment. CINAHL Nursing Guide. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nup&AN=T703245&site=eds-live&scope=site
Hussain, Y. S., Hookham, J. C., Allahabadia, A., & Balasubramanian, S. P. (2017). Epidemiology, management and outcomes of Graves’ disease-real life data. Endocrine, 56(3), 568–578. https://doi-org.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s12020-017-1306-5
Hyperthyroidism. (2018). Health Library: Evidence-Based Information. Retrieved from https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nup&AN=2009866547&site=eds-live&scope=site
Quintono-Moro, A., Zantut-Wittmann, D., Tambascia, M., da Costa Machado, H., Fernandes, A. (2014). High prevalence of infertility among women with Graves’ disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. International Journal of Endocrinology. doi:10.1155/2014/982705.
Important information for writing discussion questions and participation
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Important information on Writing a Discussion Question
- Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
- There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
- Include in-text citations in your response
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