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Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

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Scope of Practice and Differentiated Practice Competencies: Contemporary Nursing

Nursing practice has changed over the decades from when nurses had minimal education to having complex nursing training programs and when nurses provided basic care to performing complex medical and nursing procedures. Nursing was initially a woman’s work where women cared for the sick at home in the era where there were no hospitals (Egenes, 2017). Modern nursing is attributed to Florence Nightingale, who developed nursing practices that created new standards for nursing practice.  In this regard, this paper will discuss the evolution of nursing practice, the differences between ADN and BSN nurses, and the significance of evidence-based practice in nursing.

Evolution of Nursing Practice

Nurses were formerly not provided formal nursing education but were instead given on-job training on how to provide basic care such as clean and dress wounds. They did not have autonomy and received instructions from physicians. As the nursing practice evolved and more hospitals were established, women began receiving nursing training in small to medium-size hospital systems (Egenes, 2017). However, the training was observation-based, taking two to three years, and the scientific rationale for interventions was not emphasized.

Advances in medicine and technology created a need for complex and specialized nursing education. As a result, nursing training shifted from hospital observation to the classroom.  Certification programs have been created, changing the scope of nursing practice (Egenes, 2017). Nurses also have Master’s and Doctorate levels, which increase a nurse’s scope of practice to include duties similar to physicians such as taking history and physical exams, making diagnoses, interpreting diagnostic results, and initiating treatment plans.  Furthermore, standards of nursing practice have been created to ensure quality nursing care, and nurses are educated on ethical practice and providing culturally sensitive care.

Practice Competencies between an Associate and Baccalaureate Education in Nursing

Nurses with an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) and with a Baccalaureate Degree (BSN) are both registered nurses (RNs). Both

Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

BSN and ADN programs prepare nursing students to deliver patient care that meets the set standards. Besides, both programs equip the future RN with nursing skills and ensure they attain the clinical practice competencies necessary for nursing practice (Northrup-Snyder et al., 2017). However, the BSN program emphasizes more on areas of informatics and research. It also has courses not offered in the ADN program, such as nursing theories, social sciences, public health, leadership, and management. The differences in the ADN and BSN training result in differences in the scope of practice. ADN RNs are generally more focused on technical, clinical duties and everyday direct patient care, including monitoring patients, administering treatment, performing basic nursing procedures, and updating charts (Ghaffari, 2017). On the other hand, the scope of BSN nurses includes nursing educator, research, public health, administrative, leadership, management roles, and direct patient care.

Approaches to Decision-Making in a Patient Care Situation of a BSN vs.ADN

Approaches to decision‐making would differ in a BSN and ADN nurse caring for a diabetic patient with uncontrolled sugars and a worsening foot ulcer.  An ADN nurse will care for the patient by providing basic care such as dressing the wound, administering insulin or hypoglycemics, and monitoring blood sugar levels. Conversely, the BSN nurse will perform these tasks but get concerned about the uncontrolled sugars and delayed wound healing. As a result, the BSN will assess the patient’s diet and exercise patterns and educate the patient on the needed changes to promote optimal glycemic levels. Besides, the nurse will apply evidence-based interventions to promote healing of the ulcer and educate the patient on foot care.

Applying Evidence‐Based Practice to Nursing Care

In the past decades, evidence-based practice (EBP) has become a key element of excellent patient care. EBP is applied in various aspects of nursing as it offers valuable insight into clinical care approaches backed by evidence to address issues in direct patient care, infection control, and patient workflow (Mackey & Bassendowski, 2017). It enables nurses to apply the latest research methods in the patient care setting, including direct patient care. It focuses on established outcomes, thus promoting enhanced patient care. The BSN program equips students with knowledge and skills on EBP, which helps to analyze patient care approaches that can improve health outcomes (Mackey & Bassendowski, 2017). Students are trained on scientific research, gathering, and analyzing evidence, which they apply to establish the best patient care interventions.

Interdisciplinary Communication and Collaboration in Nursing Practice

Nurses today are part of the interdisciplinary teams and play a major role in developing patients’ care plans. Nurses communicate with the interdisciplinary teams using CUS and SBAR protocols. CUS is an acronym for Concerned, Uncomfortable, and Safety. It is a communication tool used by nurses to express concerns to the interdisciplinary team about changes in a patient’s health status respectfully and professionally. The SBAR protocol representing situation, background, assessment, and recommendations is used by nurses when having a clinical problem that needs to be conveyed to the team (Müller et al., 2018). Communication using the SBAR protocol is usually purposive, straight, and prepared and promotes information exchange between the nurse and the team. The CUS and SBAR protocols foster quality and safe patient care since patient information is communicated through an efficient and well-organized format.

Conclusion

Unlike in the past, where nurses conducted similar tasks, nurses’ scope today is determined by their level of education and the specialized courses they have undertaken. Both BSN and ADN nurses have the same licensing level; however, some of their roles are different. ADNs focus on technical, clinical duties, while BSNs focuses on research, management, leadership, and informatics.  Nurses need to communicate accurately, succinctly, and purposeful with the interdisciplinary teams to promote collaborative care.

 

 

References

Egenes, K. J. (2017). History of nursing. Issues and trends in nursing: Essential knowledge for today and tomorrow, 1-26.

Ghaffari, M. (2017). Preparing Nurses for Community Health Care: A Comparative Study of the ADN and BSN Programs. International Journal5(2), 32-45. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.9.2018.52.32.45

Mackey, A., & Bassendowski, S. (2017). The history of evidence-based practice in nursing education and practice. Journal of Professional Nursing33(1), 51-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2016.05.009

Northrup-Snyder, K., Menkens, R. M., & Dean, M. (2017). Student competency perceptions from associate degree to bachelor degree completion. Journal of Nursing Education56(10), 581-590. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20170918-02

Müller, M., Jürgens, J., Redaèlli, M., Klingberg, K., Hautz, W. E., & Stock, S. (2018). Impact of the communication and patient hand-off tool SBAR on patient safety: a systematic review. BMJ open8(8), e022202. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022202

Assessment Description

The field of nursing has changed over time. In a 750‐1,000 word paper, discuss nursing practice today by addressing the following:

  1. Explain how nursing practice has changed over time and how this evolution has changed the scope of practice and the approach to treating the individual.
  2. Compare and contrast the differentiated practice competencies between an associate and baccalaureate education in nursing. Explain how scope of practice changes between an associate and baccalaureate nurse.
  3. Identify a patient care situation and describe how nursing care, or approaches to decision‐making, differ between the BSN‐prepared nurse and the ADN nurse.
  4. Discuss the significance of applying evidence‐based practice to nursing care and explain how the academic preparation of the RN‐BSN nurse supports its application.
  5. Discuss how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes.

You are required to cite a minimum of three sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be appropriate for the assignment and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Attachments

Details:

The field of nursing has changed over time. In a 750-1,000 word   paper, discuss nursing practice today by addressing the following:

  1. Explain how nursing practice has changed over time and how this evolution has changed the scope of practice and the approach to treating the individual.
  2. Compare and contrast the differentiated practice competencies between an associate and    baccalaureate education in nursing. Explain how scope of practice changes between an associate and baccalaureate nurse.

    Click here to ORDER an A++ paper from our Verified MASTERS and DOCTORATE WRITERS:Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

  3. Identify a patient care situation and describe how nursing care, or approaches to decision-making, differ between the BSN-prepared nurse and the ADN nurse.
  4. Discuss the significance of applying evidence-based practice to nursing care and explain how the    academic preparation of the RN-BSN nurse supports its application.
  5. Discuss how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams and how this supports safer and more  effective patient outcomes.

Conclusion

Advancements in nursing education, training, and practice have led to the introduction of various nurse cadres, competencies, and nursing models. ADN nurses have similar clinical competencies as BSN nurses but BSN training focuses additionally on nursing leadership, management, and research. BSN nurses can, therefore, use EBP to enhance quality and safety in their nursing care.  BSN nurses can use the best available clinical evidence through EBP to provide safe and quality care based on nursing research and best practices. Leadership competencies on the other hand will require nursing communication and collaboration to enhance care coordination. Today, technology has enhanced these activities in nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA   Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

Rights of Medication Administration

  1. Right patient
  • Check the name on the order and the patient.
  • Use 2 identifiers.
  • Ask patient to identify himself/herself.
  • When available, use technology (for example, bar-code system).
  1. Right medication
  • Check the medication label.
  • Check the order.
  1. Right dose
  • Check the order.
  • Confirm appropriateness of the dose using a current drug reference.
  • If necessary, calculate the dose and have another nurse calculate the dose as well.
  1. Right route
  • Again, check the order and appropriateness of the route ordered.
  • Confirm that the patient can take or receive the medication by the ordered route.
  1. Right time
  • Check the frequency of the ordered medication.
  • Double-check that you are giving the ordered dose at the correct time.
  • Confirm when the last dose was given.
  1. Right documentation
  • Document administration AFTER giving the ordered medication.
  • Chart the time, route, and any other specific information as necessary. For example, the site of an injection or any laboratory value or vital sign that needed to be checked before giving the drug.
  1. Right reason
  • Confirm the rationale for the ordered medication.  What is the patient’s history?

NRS-430V NRS-430V-O503 Contemporary Nursing Practice 150.0

Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less than Satisfactory (75.00%) Satisfactory (79.00%) Good (89.00%) Excellent (100.00%)
Content 80.0%
Evolution of Nursing Practice Over Time and Resulting Changes to Scope of Practice and Approach to Patient Care 10.0% Explanation of how nursing practice has changed over time and how this evolution has changed the scope of practice and the approach to treating the individual is not presented. Explanation of how nursing practice has changed over time is incomplete. A partial summary of how scope of practice and approach to treating the individual have changed over time is presented. There are major inaccuracies. More information is needed. A general explanation of how nursing practice has changed over time is presented. How scope of practice and approach to treating the individual have changed over time is summarized. There are some minor inaccuracies. Some information is needed for clarity. An explanation of how nursing practice has changed over time is presented. How scope of practice and approach to treating the individual have changed over time is discussed. Minor detail is needed for clarity. The explanation is accurate and captures all significant aspects. A thorough explanation of how nursing practice has changed over time is presented. How scope of practice and approach to treating the individual have changed over time is discussed in detail. An insightful account of the evolution of nursing practice and its influence on scope of practice and patient care is presented. NRS 430 Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

Comparison of Differentiated Practice Competencies of ADN and BSN 15.0% The differentiated practice competencies of the ADN and BSN are not compared. An incomplete comparison of the differentiated practice competencies of the ADN and BSN is presented. Differences between ADN and BSN scope of practice is unclear. There are significant inaccuracies. More information is needed. A general comparison of the differentiated practice competencies of the ADN and BSN is presented. Differences between ADN and BSN scope of practice are summarized. Some information is needed for clarity or support. A comparison of the differentiated practice competencies of the ADN and BSN is nursing is presented. Differences between ADN and BSN scope of practice are described. Minor detail or rationale is needed for clarity or support. A comparison of the differentiated practice competencies of the ADN and BSN is clearly presented. Differences between ADN and BSN scope of practice are described in detail. The narrative demonstrates a strong understanding of differentiated competencies and scope of practice for the ADN and BSN.

Use of Patient Care Situation to Describe Differences in Approach to Nursing Care Based Upon ADN and BSN Education 20.0% A patient care situation illustrating the difference between ADN and BSN in decision making and approaches to patient care is not presented. Summary of patient care situation is incomplete or is not relevant to illustrating the differences in decision making or approach to nursing care based upon ADN and BSN education. Summary of relevant patient care situation is presented. Differences in decision making and approach to nursing care based upon ADN and BSN education are generally described. Difference between ADN and BSN scope of practice is summarized. More detail is needed for clarity and support. Relevant patient care situation is described, including differences in decision making and approach to nursing care based upon ADN and BSN education. Difference between ADN and BSN scope of practice is described. Minor detail is needed for clarity. Relevant patient care situation is thoroughly described. The differences in approach to nursing care and scope of practice based upon ADN and BSN education are described in detail. Narrative demonstrates insight into patient care, decision making, and differing approaches between ADN and BSN.

Application of Evidence-Based Practice and RN-BSN Education in Nursing Care 20.0% Significance of evidence-based practice to nursing care and how the BSN supports its application is not discussed. The significance of evidence-based practice to nursing care and how the BSN supports the application of evidence-based practice is partially discussed. The discussion contains significant inaccuracies. A summary of the significance of evidence-based practice to nursing care and how the BSN supports the application of evidence-based practice is presented. The discussion contains minor inaccuracies; or, more evidence or rationale is needed to support claims. A discussion on the significance of evidence-based practice to nursing care and how the BSN supports the application of evidence-based practice is presented. Some evidence or rationale is needed to support claims. A discussion of the significance of evidence-based practice to nursing care and how the BSN supports the application of evidence-based practice is thoroughly presented. Strong evidence and rationale is provided to support claims.

Communication and Collaboration With Interdisciplinary Teams to Support Patient Outcomes 15.0% A discussion of how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes, is not presented. An incomplete discussion of how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes, is presented. The discussion contains inaccuracies and fails to demonstrate the importance of working with interdisciplinary teams. A summary of how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes, is presented. The summary generally illustrates the importance of working with interdisciplinary teams. Some information is needed for accuracy or to support claims. A discussion of how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes, is presented. Overall, the discussion illustrates the importance of working with interdisciplinary teams. A detailed discussion of how nurses today communicate and collaborate with interdisciplinary teams, and how this supports safer and more effective patient outcomes, is clearly presented. The discussion is well supported and strongly illustrates the importance of working with interdisciplinary teams.

Organization and Effectiveness 15.0%
Thesis Development and Purpose 5.0% Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear. Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose. Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.

Argument Logic and Construction 5.0% Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility. Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative.

Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, or word choice are present. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.

Format 5.0%
Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment) 2.0% Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken; lack of control with formatting is apparent. Template is used, and formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Template is fully used; There are virtually no errors in formatting style. All format elements are correct.

Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 3.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. NRS 430 Contemporary Nursing Practice Assignment

Welcome to class

Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to.

I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

If you think you would be needing accommodations due to any reasons, please contact the appropriate department to request accommodations.

Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

Topic 4 DQ 2

Apr 25-29, 2022

Outline the concept of professional accountability as it pertains to nursing. Provide examples of how a nurse demonstrates professional accountability in clinical expertise, the nursing process, and evidence-based practice.

REPLY TO DISCUSSION

BG

Billie Gabbard

Posted Date

Apr 30, 2022, 6:14 AM

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

CAT: A time when….

Please share a situation (no names or identifying information) when a nurse did not follow standards of professional accountability? What impact did that have on the patient (if any).

Billie

  • CW

Cassidy Wright

replied toBillie Gabbard

May 1, 2022, 10:29 AM

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

Hi Billie,

I recently learned about nurse that didn’t follow the standards of professional accountability when it came to medication administration and the out come resulted in death of the patient and much pain and suffering for that family after the loss of their family member. The nurse should have followed her 5 rights to medication administration. Right patient, right medication, right dose, right route, right time. In this instance this nurse overrode the pyxis and pulled vecuronium when she was supposed to pull versed. This mistake could have been prevented if the nurse followed the standards of professional accountability when it comes to patient safety and medication administration safety checks. Nurses are given great responsibility when it comes to caring for the lives of others, the accountability that the general public places in nurses is so great that nurses must always follow the standard of professional accountability in their day to day work in order to create a safe practice that becomes their second nature. Yes, the system that is in place could often times fail a nurse resulting in a sentinel event although, as a licensed nurse it is imperative to fall back on always using safe patient standards no matter where you work in order to protect patient safety and the RN license.

 

-Cassidy

  • RF

Rose Francis

replied toBillie Gabbard

May 1, 2022, 3:06 PM

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

Hi Billie,

IV fluid was given to children in a pediatric ward. The nurse failed to check the concentration of IV fluid. Five children received IV fluid and unfortunately one child died. The assigned staff and team leader was immediately terminated from service. This sentinel event could have been prevented by checking the concentration of IV fluid before starting the IV therapy, especially in pediatrics. There was no scanning system in use at the time.

  • SJ

Stephanie Jackson

replied toBillie Gabbard

May 1, 2022, 11:11 PM

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

Billie, I knew of a nurse in surgery who did not meet the standards of professional accountability when she did not verify that implants needed for the surgery were actually in the surgery suite! She was in such a hurry to get on with her day that she did not follow policy by verifying necessary equipment/implants prior to bringing the patient back to surgery. Fortunately, we had backup implants that were able to be processed and no harm was inflicted on the patient. That would have been a totally different outcome if we didn’t have backups! The patient could have been under anesthesia for a much longer time than necessary or the surgery could have even been cancelled.

  • PW

Pepper Wooters

replied toBillie Gabbard

May 2, 2022, 12:01 AM

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

A very critically ill baby arrived from an outside hospital. Intubated with limited access. The MDs could not get an arterial line on the patient. A nurse was placing a PIV in the hand and after further inspection the nurse realized she placed the PIV in the artery. The MD at bedside said to not take it out that we need to use it. It was later that someone in the facility reported her to management for not removing the line even though the MD told her to keep it. Management when on to report her to the BON for practicing out side of her scope. She did not lose her license and was not charged by the BON, though she was disciplined through her employer. She said in hindsight she should of removed it based on principle and practice but she also knew the patient need it. The physician made the call but didn’t take responsibility in the end.

CW

Carly Wallmeyer

Posted Date

Apr 29, 2022, 7:37 PM(edited)

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Replies to Billie Gabbard

“Accountability is defined as the acceptance of responsibility for honest and ethical conduct” ( Darby Faubion, 2022). I think that professional accountability in nursing refers to being aware and accountable for our nursing practice, work environment, and patient safety. Taking the responsibility to commit to and work through the nursing process to better the safety and health of our patients. The nurse is held to high standards, and I think we should be proud to obtain and keep these standards by being honest, ethical and accountable in our everyday practice. From clocking in on time, to procedures such as donning sterile gloves correctly, to being honest if a medication error occurs. We should be willing to accept professional responsibility and be forthcoming when we do not work within standard of care, or when an error occurs. Feeling a sense of pride in the nursing profession while being fully engaged in the work will demonstrate a sense of ownership. When taking the oath to be a nurse, that nurse is accepting and dedicating themselves to being personally professionally accountable; thus, committing to their career to advance, grow, improve and adapt in the workplace (Sherman, Cohn, 2019). Nursing is an autonomous profession and maintaining accountability for oneself can not only allow the nurse to grow but the patient to grow through the nursing process and evidence-based practice. When setting up a sterile field for delivery, I need to be professionally accountable to perform sterile technique keeping the field sterile. I need to educate the patient and visitor, through evidence-based practice, not to touch or disturb the sterile field; keeping both myself and the patient accountable in continuing this standard of care. This is being responsible by following policy and procedures to work within scope of practice while meeting expectations in standards of care through evidence-based practice.

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