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NUR 514 Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories 

NUR 514 Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories 

My specialty is Clinical Nurse Leader Please note I need Topic 6 Discussion Questions 1-2 by Friday night (August 2, 2019) . Please. I live in Texas Topic 8 Essay- Please follow Rubic I want 100% Please.

Re: Topic 4 DQ 1

DeNisco and Barker address the value of nursing theories and models, as well as how they might be applied to provide effective, high-quality care (2016). However, it is obvious that there are numerous nursing theories, and frequently, nurses do not understand, believe in, or employ many of these theories appropriately (DeNisco & Barker, 2016). I read through the complete list of nursing theories (all 83 of them) in order to create this essay, and I have honestly only heard of a few of them (Current Nursing, 2020). Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Theory and Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Caring Theory were the two that struck me the most.

Interpersonal Theory, developed by Hildegard Peplau, focuses on the nurse-patient interaction and how the two might work collaboratively to address the patient’s requirements. According to this idea, there are four phases to the nurse-patient relationship: orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution (Current Nursing, 2020). Essentially, the nurse and the patient identify the patient’s “felt needs”; the nurse may then address those needs as the patient develops trust in the nurse; and jointly, care goals can be established. After that, the patient can fully benefit from the patent-nurse interaction. As the relationship progresses, objectives are attained, new objectives can be established, or the connection is discontinued. Two Nursing Theories in Comparison and Contrast 514 NUR

Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Caring Theory places a premium on caring for and meeting the patient’s bodily, emotional, and spiritual needs (Watson, 2008). Watson emphasizes that medicine is excessively focused on disease and diagnosis and that remedies should not lose sight of the reality that patients are human. Watson makes a connection between science and the religious act of caring for another human being, adopting a more holistic perspective. Human beings, health, the environment, and nursing are the fundamental ideas (Common Nursing, 2020). That is, we must treat patients holistically, taking into account their mental, spiritual, emotional, physical, and environmental requirements. Watson elaborated on these key elements of the science of caring through the use of ten Caritas processes.

I appreciate how Peplau’s theory emphasizes the nurse-patient relationship and how the patient’s values, culture, experiences, and beliefs are considered when identifying “needs” and forming goals. The patient has an active role in the plan of care which is very important when trying to achieve goals of care. When compared to Watson’s theory, a significant difference is that the patient’s environment and community resources are not considered. Peplau’s theory is also very limited if the patient is unable or unwilling to express their needs. I also really like how Watson’s approach is focused on caring over curing. Watson expands beyond the nurse-patient relationship and largely emphasizes spirituality, teaching, and how the external environment can affect the patient’s internal environment (Watson, 2008). Both Peplau and Watson’s theories outline the interpersonal nature of nursing; they just do so differently. Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories NUR 514

In my future practice as an informatics nurse, I believe that the nurse-patient relationship is of vital importance. The patient needs to be on board with research, new interventions, and technologies; otherwise, efforts are futile. Jean Watson’s theory of caring resonates with me because I feel it has a more extensive scope compared to Peplau’s theory, and I think it can be applied to almost any nursing role.

NUR 514 Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories 

NUR 514 Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories

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References

Current Nursing. (2020). Nursing theories: Open access articles on nursing theories and modelshttps://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_Peplau%27s_interpersonal_theory.html

DeNisco, S. M., & Barker, A. M. (2016). Advanced practice nursing: Essential knowledge for the profession (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Watson, J. (2008). Nursing: The philosophy and science of caring (Rev. ed). Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.

RESPOND TO GINA

Gina indeed DeNisco and Barker provide detailed information on theories and models that can be used in improving healthcare quality. However, some nurses do not use DeNisco and Barker’s information due to their complexities. Hildegard Peplau’s

Interpersonal Theory and Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Caring Theory are two theories among the 83 that these two scholars have generated in their studies. Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Theory recognizes the importance of the rapport between a patient and a nurse (Delaney et al., 2017). Nurses rely on the patient information to work. Therefore, a poor nurse-patient relationship compromises the patient’s trust towards the nurse. Nurses are trained to create a perfect rapport created in the first engagements (Hörberg et al., 2019). Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Caring Theory focuses on aspects that dictating the healing process. A perfect healing journey considers the physical, emotional, and spiritual needs. Both nursing theories are important in nursing practice. However, Peplau’s theory is the most suitable theory to apply in the future. Peplau focuses on the relationship between the nurse and the patient. Nurses are reminded of their role in initiating good rapport that will benefit the treatment process. Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories NUR 514

References

Delaney, K. R., Shattell, M., & Johnson, M. E. (2017). Capturing the interpersonal process of psychiatric nurses: A model for engagement. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing31(6), 634-640.

Hörberg, U., Galvin, K., Ekebergh, M., & Ozolins, L. L. (2019). Using lifeworld philosophy in education to intertwine caring and learning: an illustration of ways of learning how to care. Reflective Practice20(1), 56-69.

BARBARA

Re: Topic 4 DQ 1

Dorothea Orem VS Jean Watson

Dorothea E. Orem developed the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, known as the Orem Model of Nursing, and focuses on maintaining life, health, and well-being. Orem’s theory is interrelated with three other theories: the theory of self-care, the self-care deficit theory, and the theory of nursing systems. First published in 1971, Orem established herself as a leading theorist in nursing. She authored papers, spoke at conferences, and remained dedicated to developing her theory. After spending the last 25 years of her life as a consultant and author, Dorothea died on June 22, 2007, at age 92 (Gonzalo et al., 2021).

Orem’s theory is a grand nursing theory, covering a broad scope with general concepts apply to all nursing. Nursing is needed when an adult or the parent or guardian of a child is limited or incapable of providing effective self-care. Self-care deviations may result from conditions due to illness, injury, or disease.  Five methods of helping others are identified as acting or doing for others, guiding, supporting, teaching others, and providing an environment to promote demands and future development. When nursing care is needed is clearly defined. Her approach meets today’s contemporary approach to health promotion and health maintenance while the emotional needs lacked acknowledgment. This theory influences independence and signifies that all patients want to care for themselves and recover more quickly by performing their care. Compare and Contrast Two Nursing Theories NUR 514

Dr. Jean Watson experienced her theory first-hand after two personal life-altering events. Caring is central to nursing practice and Watson’s theory. The focus is a holistic approach to health promotion and disease prevention. The theory has four major concepts: a human being is a valued person, health is a high level of overall all mental, physical, and social functioning, society provides values and goals, and finally, nursing is a human science (Gonzalo et al., 2021).

Both theorists have been instrumental in nursing academia, authoring books, and dedicated a lifetime to the promotion and development of their theories. Both are broad theories that address health promotion and preventing illness all nurses can use. These two theories will help the nurse leader to understand their role, the role of patients, and how to facilitate health equilibrium or promotion. Human beings are empowered when they can make decisions and manage care independently. Caring is essential to nursing and must be kept forefront, especially in this era of cost containment and efficiency.

References

Gonzalo, A., By, -, Gonzalo, A., & Angelo Gonzalo earned his Nursing degree in the year 2010 and continued his studies at St. Paul University Manila taking up Masters of Arts in Nursing Major in Clinical Management. He worked as an intensive care nurse for more than six years. He advocates. (2021, March 5). Dorothea Orem: Self Care Deficit Theory Study Guide. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/dorothea-orems-self-care-theory/.

Gonzalo, A., By, -, Gonzalo, A., & Angelo Gonzalo earned his Nursing degree in the year 2010 and continued his studies at St. Paul University Manila taking up Masters of Arts in Nursing Major in Clinical Management. He worked as an intensive care nurse for more than six years. He advocates. (2021, March 5). Jean Watson: Theory of Human Caring. Nurseslabs. https://nurseslabs.com/jean-watsons-philosophy-theory-transpersonal-caring/.

RESPOND TO BARBARA

Barbara indeed Orem and Watson are nursing theories defining nursing practice. Orem theory is a broad theory with various aspects applied in nursing. The theory shares values with the theory of self-care, the self-care deficit theory, and the theory of nursing systems. The theory of self-care allows patients to handle certain complications without seeking intervention from the facility. First aid services are part of the self-care. The self-care deficit theory reveals illnesses and injuries trigger deficits. Orem’s is a grand nursing theory so it is detailed and important in nursing. Personal experienced crafted Dr. Watson’s theory. Watson in his theory insists that care is the main nursing function. Patients are fragile people who require enough attention.  Insufficient attention and care will expose the patients to more complications. Watson and Orem’s theories are crucial in nursing. However, Watson’s theory is a suitable theory for me to apply in my future practice. The theory allows nurses to protect fragile patients through caring.

Name:  Discussion Rubric

  Excellent

90–100

Good

80–89

Fair

70–79

Poor

0–69

Main Posting:

Response to the Discussion question is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Thoroughly responds to the Discussion question(s).

Is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

No less than 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.

Supported by at least three current credible sources.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to most of the Discussion question(s).

Is somewhat reflective with critical analysis and synthesis representative of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

50% of the post has exceptional depth and breadth.

Supported by at least three credible references.

31 (31%) – 34 (34%)

Responds to some of the Discussion question(s).

One to two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.

Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

Cited with fewer than two credible references.

0 (0%) – 30 (30%)

Does not respond to the Discussion question(s).

Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.

Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

Contains only one or no credible references.

Main Posting:

Writing

6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Written clearly and concisely.

Contains no grammatical or spelling errors.

Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Written concisely.

May contain one to two grammatical or spelling errors.

Adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Written somewhat concisely.

May contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

Contains some APA formatting errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Not written clearly or concisely.

Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Main Posting:

Timely and full participation

9 (9%) – 10 (10%)

Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.

Posts main Discussion by due date.

8 (8%) – 8 (8%)

Meets requirements for full participation.

Posts main Discussion by due date.

7 (7%) – 7 (7%)

Posts main Discussion by due date.

0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Does not meet requirements for full participation.

Does not post main Discussion by due date.

First Response:

Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.

9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

Responds to questions posed by faculty.

The use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

8 (8%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting.

7 (7%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

First Response:

Writing

6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues.

Response to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.

Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.

Response is written in standard, edited English.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.

Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

Few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.

Response to faculty questions are missing.

No credible sources are cited.

First Response:

Timely and full participation

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.

Posts by due date.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Meets requirements for full participation.

Posts by due date.

3 (3%) – 3 (3%)

Posts by due date.

0 (0%) – 2 (2%)

Does not meet requirements for full participation.

Does not post by due date.

Second Response:
Post to colleague’s main post that is reflective and justified with credible sources.
9 (9%) – 9 (9%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

Responds to questions posed by faculty.

The use of scholarly sources to support ideas demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

8 (8%) – 8 (8%)

Response has some depth and may exhibit critical thinking or application to practice setting.

7 (7%) – 7 (7%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

0 (0%) – 6 (6%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

Second Response:
Writing
6 (6%) – 6 (6%)

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

Response to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Communication is mostly professional and respectful to colleagues.

Response to faculty questions are mostly answered, if posed.

Provides opinions and ideas that are supported by few credible sources.

Response is written in standard, edited English.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Response posed in the Discussion may lack effective professional communication.

Response to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

Few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Responses posted in the Discussion lack effective communication.

Response to faculty questions are missing.

No credible sources are cited.

Second Response:
Timely and full participation
5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for timely, full, and active participation.

Posts by due date.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Meets requirements for full participation.

Posts by due date.

3 (3%) – 3 (3%)

Posts by due date.

0 (0%) – 2 (2%)

Does not meet requirements for full participation.

Does not post by due date.

Total Points: 100

Name:  Discussion Rubric

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