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Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment NUR 550

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment NUR 550

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Policy Description and its Implications on Health Delivery

The burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes is increasing, necessitating the establishment of policies and effective ways at the municipal, state, and federal levels to address them. Diabetes management and treatment costs were predicted to reach $245 billion in 2012, and it is anticipated that they would continue to rise (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Implementation of the Affordable Care Act policy aimed at enhancing public health by expanding the population’s access to health care. The policy was created in 2010 with the goal of increasing access to care, enhancing the quality of care delivered, lowering medical costs, and adding new consumer protections. The policy resulted in the Medicaid program’s expansion. This phase was designed to close gaps in Medicaid eligibility, which would result in a considerable rise in the number of people receiving benefits from the program.

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment NUR 550

The ACA was projected to cost $940 billion between 2010 and 2019. The health budget deficit would be decreased by $143 billion under this strategy (Blewett, Planalp, & Alarcon, 2018). The insurance plan would lower the cost of medications and make preventive healthcare more affordable for the American public (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Notably, persons with chronic diseases such as diabetes require routine healthcare examinations and monitoring. The majority of populations are able to get medical treatments as expected under this approach, which results in an improved prognosis. From a cost-effectiveness standpoint, the policy is sound. Assignment – Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis

Access to healthcare services is determined by a variety of factors, including socioeconomic position. The ACA seeks to eliminate current inequities in access to healthcare treatments between wealthy and impoverished persons diagnosed with diabetes. The policy encourages equity from an ethical standpoint. Healthcare professionals, particularly nurses, are expected to provide equitable and fair care to their patients. On the other hand, budgetary constraints may make achieving such a goal and perspective in nursing practice difficult. However, the execution of this legislation addresses disparities in health access. Medicaid expansion would provide states with 100% federal funding for the first three years, after which it would be lowered to 90%. (Herman & Cefalu, 2015). Additionally, the policy incorporates a variety of techniques to ensure that healthcare providers give the most helpful and high-quality services to patients.

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The Scope of the Policy

Initially, the states administered the Medicaid programs as guided by the federal policies; though, they were mandated to determine

Benchmark - Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment NUR 550

Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment NUR 550

the eligibility, provider payment levels, and the benefits. The income levels for the eligibility were strict compared to the provisions in the new policy. Furthermore, no special considerations were made for patients with disabilities, elderly without dependent children and the non-pregnant women (Schembri & Ghaddar, 2018). Therefore, the policy was developed with collaboration between the state and the federal government. However, most of the regulations would be done by the federal government. For example, the states that failed to expand Medicaid to accommodate more people would lose federal funding. A larger portion of the healthcare funding would come from the federal government under the new policy. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment

The design and scope of the policy are well developed to meet the intended goal. The insurance agencies monitor the activities of the healthcare providers to ensure that they are giving their best in terms of quality service delivery. Various parameters such as the readmission within 30 days, number of days patient stay in the hospital and nosocomial infection rates among others have been used in monitoring the performance of the healthcare facilities (Hilliard, Liebenberg, Liebenberg, & Ruhland, 2018). Therefore, all institutions are obliged to comply with the provisions by offering high-quality care services to the patients and in the process improve their outcomes and minimize their spending. With the implementation of the new policy, the number of patients with diabetes covered in the Medicaid program increased significantly. This indicates that diabetes care would improve and the financial barriers limiting their access and utilization of the healthcare services reduced. On the other hand, despite the introduction of the policy, the number of people going for health screening has remained significantly low (American Diabetes Association, 2016). As a result, the measures to improved health outcomes for diabetes patients are thwarted because the number of undiagnosed diabetes patients is likely to remain high.

The Advocacy Strategies to Promote Access to the Benefits of the Policy

The realization of the benefits of the policy requires the provision of education to the public. Majority of the populations fail to go for health screening and testing because of the lack of knowledge on the importance of such an exercise. Provision of education is an important strategy for ensuring primary, secondary and tertiary health promotion (Konchak, Moran, O’Brien, Kandula, & Ackermann, 2016). First, educated populations are likely to embrace quality lifestyles that will limit the incidences of diabetes cases. Secondly, the education will aim at encouraging testing and screening behaviors among the populations to enhance the identification and early management of the diabetes conditions. Studies have shown that people from low-income regions and are covered with the Medicaid programs are more likely to be diagnosed with chronic illnesses and their conditions treated in time thus improving their prognosis. Benchmark – Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment

From a Christian, professional and moral perspective, advanced registered nurses ought to advocate for and promote health as well as prevent diseases among the populations. By engaging in translational research, evidence-based practice measures are developed and customized to address specific health needs. Diseases are considered as the dissonance between an individual and their surroundings that affect the body, mind, and spirit. Holistic and biomedical approaches can be integrated to guide health promotion activities among nursing professionals. From the biblical perspective, health is a vital component of human life and that is why only whole animals would be offered for sacrifice in the Old Testament (McDermott-Levy, Leffers & Mayaka, 2018).

From the ethical and professional perspective, the nurses ought to comply with the ethical principles of nonmaleficence and beneficence among others. The ethical principles require that advanced registered nurse practitioners to engage all possible interventions in ensuring the most beneficial outcomes to the patients (Bastable, 2017). Health promotion activities aimed at promoting public health by minimizing diseases and suffering among the people. In the process, healthcare providers must understand the specific health needs of the defined populations. For example, the diabetes patients are in great need of the self-care skills which included proper adherence to the medication and observing an appropriate lifestyle.

Conclusion

            Therefore, the ACA has played an integral role in ensuring that diabetics in the United States receive high quality care. The scope and design of the policy is such that both the federal and state governments participate in the implementation of the ACA. The entire process has influenced the role of Advanced Practice Nurses as they work to promote it and advocate for its implementation.

References

American Diabetes Association. (2016). 1. Strategies for improving care. Diabetes Care39(Supplement 1), S6-S12.

Bastable, S. B. (2017). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Blewett, L. A., Planalp, C., & Alarcon, G. (2018). Affordable Care Act Impact in Kentucky: Increasing Access, Reducing Disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 108(7), 924–929. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2018.304413

Herman, W. H., & Cefalu, W. T. (2015). Health policy and diabetes care: is it time to put politics aside?. Diabetes Care38(5), 743-745.

Hilliard, J. I., Liebenberg, A. P., Liebenberg, I. A., & Ruhland, J. (2018). The Market Impact of the Supreme Court Decision Regarding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Evidence from the Health Insurance Industry. Journal of Insurance Issues, 41(2), 135–167

Konchak, J. N., Moran, M. R., O’Brien, M. J., Kandula, N. R., & Ackermann, R. T. (2016). The state of diabetes prevention policy in the USA following the affordable care act. Current diabetes reports16(6), 55.

McDermott-Levy, R., Leffers, J., & Mayaka, J. (2018). Ethical Principles and Guidelines of Global Health Nursing Practice. Nursing Outlook66(5), 473-481.

Schembri, S., & Ghaddar, S. (2018). The Affordable Care Act, the Medicaid Coverage Gap, and Hispanic Consumers: A Phenomenology of Obamacare. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 52(1), 138–165. https://doi.org/10.1111/joca.12146

Choose a current or proposed health-care policy that aims to provide equitable health-care services to a diverse population. Create a 12- to 15-slide PowerPoint presentation that discusses the health care policy and how it improves access to quality, cost-effective health care for a specific population. Create 100-250 word speaker notes for each slide. Add extra slides for the title and references.

Include the following information in your presentation:

 

Describe the chosen policy.

Discuss the diverse population that this policy will affect.

Explain how the policy is intended to improve cost-effectiveness and equity in health care for a diverse population.

Explain why the policy is financially sound and how it incorporates the nursing perspective as well as relevant ethical, legal, and political factors. Give a rationale to back up your explanation.

Describe the policy’s relationship to state, federal, or global health policies or goals, and explain how each contributes to equitable health care for a diverse population.

Discuss advocacy strategies for improving access to, quality of, and cost-effectiveness of health care for a diverse population.

NUR 550 – Population Health Policy Analysis

 

NUR 550 – Population Health Policy Analysis

chosen population

From a Christian perspective, discuss the professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good by working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations.

To complete this assignment, you must cite eight peer-reviewed sources. Sources must be within the last 5 years of publication and relevant to the assignment criteria and nursing content.

For more information on completing this assignment in the proper style, consult the resource “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” which can be found in the Student Success Center.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and source documentation should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the Student Success Center’s APA Style Guide.

Description:

Select a current or proposed health care policy that is designed to provide equitable health care for a diverse population. Create a 12-15-slide PowerPoint presentation discussing the health care policy and how it improves a specific population’s access to quality, cost-effective health care. Create speaker notes of 100-250 words for each slide. Include additional slides for the title and references.

Include the following in your presentation:

  1. Describe the policy selected.
    2. Discuss the diverse population that will be affected by this policy.
    3. Explain how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population.
    4. Discuss why the policy is financially sound and explain how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors. Provide rationale to support your explanation.
    5. Describe what state, federal, global health policies, or goals the policy is related to and explain the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population.
    6. Discuss advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected.
    7. Discuss the professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective.

You are required to cite eight peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.

Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Benchmark Information

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies:

MBA-MSN; MSN-Nursing Education; MSN Acute Care Nurse Practitioner-Adult-Gerontology; MSN Family Nurse Practitioner; MSN-Health Informatics; MSN-Health Care Quality and Patient Safety; MSN-Leadership in Health Care Systems; MSN-Public Health Nursing

2.1 : Examine financially sound health care policy that incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors.

2.2 : Determine advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for diverse populations.

4.2 : Integrate appropriate state, federal, and global health policies and goals into the design of equitable health care for populations.

4.3 : Examine the professional and moral obligation of master’s-prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective.

Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NUR-550 NUR-550-O503 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis 100.0
Criteria Percentage Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Less Than Satisfactory (80.00%) Satisfactory (88.00%) Good (92.00%) Excellent (100.00%)
Content 100.0%
Description of Policy Designed to Provide Equitable Health Care 5.0% The policy is not described. The policy is only partially described. The policy is summarized. Some aspects are unclear or inaccurate. The policy is adequately described. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. The policy is clearly and accurately described.
Diverse Population Affected by Policy 10.0% Discussion of how a diverse population is affected by this policy is not presented. Discussion of how a diverse population is affected by this policy is presented but is incomplete. It is unclear how the population will be affected by this policy. Discussion of how a diverse population is affected by this policy is general. More information and support are needed. Discussion of how a diverse population is affected by this policy is adequate. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. Discussion of how a diverse population is affected by this policy is thorough. The narrative is well-supported and insightful.
Policy Design (Cost-effectiveness and health care equity) 10.0% Explanation of how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population is not presented. Discussion of how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population is incomplete. Discussion of how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population is general. More information and support are needed. Discussion of how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population is adequate. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. A thorough explanation for how the policy is designed to improve cost-effectiveness and health care equity for the diverse population is clearly presented.
“Evaluation of Financial Soundness of Policy; Incorporation of Nursing Perspective; and Relevant Ethical, Legal, and Political Factors
(C2.1)” 10.0% A discussion of why the policy is financially sound and how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors is not presented. A discussion of why the policy is financially sound and how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors is incomplete. A discussion of why the policy is financially sound and how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors is general. Some rationale is offered for support. More information and support are needed. A discussion of why the policy is financially sound and how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors is adequate. Adequate rationale is provided for support. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. A thorough discussion of why the policy is financially sound and how the policy incorporates the nursing perspective and relevant ethical, legal, and political factors is clearly presented, and strong rationale is offered for support.
“Integration of State, Federal, and Global Health Policies and Goals in Design of Equitable Care
(C4.2)” 10.0% The state, federal, and global health policies or goals the policy is related to and the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population are not discussed. The state, federal, and global health policies or goals the policy is related to and the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population are only partially discussed The state, federal, and global health policies or goals the policy is related to and the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population are summarized. Some aspects are unclear or inaccurate. The state, federal, and global health policies or goals the policy is related to and the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population are adequately discussed. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. The state, federal, and global health policies or goals the policy is related to and the degree to which each helps achieve equitable health care for the diverse population are thoroughly explained. The narrative is accurate and well-supported.
“Advocacy Strategies for Improving Access, Quality, and Cost-Effective Health Care
(C2.2)” 10.0% Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are not discussed. Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are incomplete. General advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are summarized. More information and support are needed. Advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. Well-developed advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed. NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment Essays
“Examination of Responsibilities of Master’s Prepared Nurses
(C4.3)” 10.0% The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are not discussed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are only partially discussed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are summarized. Some aspects are unclear. Rationale or support is needed. The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are adequately discussed. Some detail is needed for clarity or accuracy. “Well-developed advocacy strategies for improving access, quality, and cost-effective health care for the diverse population selected are discussed.
The professional and moral obligation of master’s prepared nurses to respect human dignity and advance the common good through working to promote health and prevent disease among diverse populations from a Christian perspective are thoroughly discussed. The narrative is insightful and well supported.”
Presentation of Content 15.0% The content lacks a clear point of view and logical sequence of information. Includes little persuasive information. Sequencing of ideas is unclear. The content is vague in conveying a point of view and does not create a strong sense of purpose. Includes some persuasive information. The presentation slides are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization or in their relationships to each other. The content is written with a logical progression of ideas and supporting information exhibiting a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Includes persuasive information from reliable sources. The content is written clearly and concisely. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The project includes motivating questions and advanced organizers. The project gives the audience a clear sense of the main idea. NUR 550 Benchmark – Diverse Population Health Policy Analysis Assignment Essays
Layout 10.0% The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings, and subheadings to enhance the readability. The text is extremely difficult to read with long blocks of text, small point size for fonts, and inappropriate contrasting colors. Poor use of headings, subheadings, indentations, or bold formatting is evident. The layout shows some structure, but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or a distracting background. Overall readability is difficult due to lengthy paragraphs, too many different fonts, dark or busy background, overuse of bold, or lack of appropriate indentations of text. The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately. Sometimes the fonts are easy to read, but in a few places the use of fonts, italics, bold, long paragraphs, color, or busy background detracts and does not enhance readability. The layout background and text complement each other and enable the content to be easily read. The fonts are easy to read and point size varies appropriately for headings and text. The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space. Text is appropriate in length for the target audience and to the point. The background and colors enhance the readability of the text.
Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Slide errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Slides are largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. Writer is clearly in control of standard, written, academic English.
Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Sources are not documented. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error

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