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Assignment NR 602 Quiz 

Assignment: NR 602 Quiz 

  1. The following are risk factors for hypertension in children and teens (choose all that apply):
  2. In evaluating a 9-year-old child with a healthy BMI during a well visit, a comprehensive cardiovascular evaluation should be conducted by the following methods (choose all that apply):
  3. At what age is it appropriate to recommend dietary changes to parents if overweight or obesity is a concern?
  4. The following are risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and teens (choose all that apply):
    hyperinsulinemia: abnormal weight-to-height ratio.:  Native American ancestry.

 

  1. Screening children with a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus is recommended at age 10 or at onset of puberty, and should be repeated how often?
    every year.
  2. Prediabetes in children is defined as (choose all that apply):
    impaired fasting glucose (glucose level ≥100 mg/dL or 6.2 mmol/L) but ≤125 mg/dL or 7 mmol/L).
    impaired glucose tolerance (2-hour postprandial ≥140-199 mg/dL or 7.8 mmol/L-11 mmol/L).
  3. Risk factors for dyslipidemia in children include (choose all that apply):
    family history of lipid abnormalities.

 

  1. Screening cholesterol levels in children with one or more risk factors begins at what age? .
  2. An acceptable level of total cholesterol (mg/dL) in children and teens is:

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. low birth weight, and poor infant growth are risk factors for type 2 diabetes

 

  1. Prediabetes in children is defined as impaired fasting glucose (glucose level ≥100 mg/dL or 5.6 mmol/L but ≤125 mg/dL or 7 mmol/L) or impaired glucose tolerance (2-hour postprandial ≥140-199 mg/dL or 7.8 mmol/L-11 mmol/L) or an A1C of 5.7% to 6.4%.

 

  1. Screening for type 2 diabetes begins at age _10___ or at onset of puberty and continues every 2 years until adulthood; at that point, the adult guidelines should be followed.

 

  1. The AAP screening guidelines for total cholesterol levels in children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years old are as follows:
  1. Children should be screened for family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) beginning at age _3___ and should be periodically updated annually or as required by risk factors during non-urgent health visits.

 

  1. For at-risk children, fasting lipid levels should be tested after __2__ years of age (but no later than 10 years of age) and should be retested in 3-5 years if the values fall within the reference range.

 

  1. Body mass index (BMI) should be measured beginning at age __2__.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. For children between 12 months and 2 years of age for whom overweight or obesity is a concern, the use of __REDUCED___ fat milk would be appropriate.

 

  1. Beginning at age ___ if BMI is ≥ 85th percentile, intensify dietary and activity changes to the parent.
  2. Infection with Corynebacterium diphtheriae usually causes:
  3. The tetanus infection is caused by ________, an anaerobic, gram-positive, spore-forming rod. This organism is found in soil and is particularly potent in manure.

 

  1. Sources of lead that can contribute to plumbism include select traditional remedies such as azarcon and greta.

 

  1. Patients with plumbism present with which kind of anemia?

 

  1. Intervention for a child with a lead level of 5 to 44 mcg/dL usually includes all of the following except:

 

  1. Ingested lead inactivates heme synthesis by inhibiting the insertion of iron into the protoporphyrin ring. This leads to the development of what kind of anemia?

 

  1. __________ stippling is often noted on red blood cell morphology in lead poisoning.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. Lead is significantly toxic to the solid organs, bones, and nervous system

 

  1. Long-term complications of ________ poisoning include behavior or attention problems, poor academic performance, hearing problems, kidney damage, reduced IQ, and slowed body growth.

 

  1. Unless deleading procedures have been performed, however, most homes built before __1957 contain lead-based paint.

 

  1. A diet low in calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, and copper and high in fat, which is a typical diet for children living in _________, enhances oral lead absorption

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. In older homes, the point of greatest risk is the _____ because their sills and the putty have high lead concentration. Because toddlers (age 2 to 3) are the ideal height to reach them and are often drawn to open ones, they are at greatest risk and summer is the riskiest season.

 

  1. Symptoms of elevated ______ levels include abdominal pain and cramping, aggressive behavior, anemia, constipation, difficulty sleeping, headaches, irritability, loss of previous developmental skills in young children, low appetite and energy, and reduced sensations. Very high levels can result in vomiting, staggering walk, muscle weakness, seizures, or coma.

 

  1. A measure of ____ mcg/dL is now used to identify children with elevated blood lead levels.
  2. Most children with lead levels of 5-44 mcg/dL are treated with removal from the source, improved nutrition, and ______ therapy.

 

  1. Those with lead levels of 45-50 mcg/dL are treated with a _____agent such as succimer, in addition to the previously listed interventions.

 

  1. For children with lead levels of greater than 51 mcg/dL, hospital admission with expert evaluation is likely the most prudent course to avoid serious problems (including _____) associated with markedly elevated lead levels

 

  1. Which of the following represents the best choice of clinical agents for a child who has had a history of penicillin allergy who requires antimicrobial therapy?

 

  1. The clinical presentation of UTI in children can be without the classic symptoms such as frequency, dysuria, or flank pain.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. In younger children, UTI often manifests as ____, _____, and ____ with no obvious focal infectious source.
  2. Older children with UTI often present with _____ pain, unexplained fever, or both; as children approach puberty, flank pain becomes more common
  3. ______ should be considered in infants and young children 2 months to 2 years old with unexplained fever, particularly in boys younger than 6 months and girls younger than 2 years who have a temperature greater than or equal to 39°C (≥102.2°F).

 

  1. A _________ should be obtained in a child with unexplained fever or symptoms that suggest a UTI; however, 20% from UTI cases return a false-negative result.
  2. Any of the following findings are suggestive, although not diagnostic, of UTI: positive leukocyte esterase, positive nitrite, more than __5____ white blood cells (WBCs) per high-power field in spun specimen, and bacteria present in unspun Gramstained specimen.

 

  1. An acceptable method because of the low rate of skin and fecal contamination is a urine specimen collection via bag or from the diaper.

 

  1. a single documented UTI in a child must be taken seriously. If an infant or young child 2 months to 2 years old with suspected UTI is assessed as toxic, dehydrated, or unable to retain oral intake, ______is advised.

 

  1. Oral amoxicillin, TMP-SMX, or a second-or third-generation __________ is recommended as options for initial therapy for UTI in children

 

  1. The use of _______ has a small risk of treatment failure.

 

  1. Current evidence-based practice recommendations for UTI in Children indicate a _7____ to ___14___ day course of antibiotics because the outcomes are superior to a 1-to 3-day course in preventing spread of infection and subsequent renal scarring.

 

  1. Although fluoroquinolone antibiotics have not been widely used in children, ciprofloxacin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in pediatric patients for the treatment of UTI; this use is approved starting at age __1__ years old.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. Urinary tract imaging should be considered for all children with UTI, particularly if this occurs before toilet training.

 

  1. The two mainstays for imaging for UTI in young children are ______(RBUS) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)

 

  1. RBUS is an easily obtained, noninvasive test but can miss a small number of high-grade ________ cases

 

  1. The benefits of __________ (no radiation exposure, non-invasive, minimal discomfort for child and parents), however, outweigh the slight increase in specificity of VCUG

 

  1. A ________ scan is useful for detecting renal scarring, a finding present after infection, but is not recommended for routine, initial evaluation of young child with their first febrile UTI.
    Assignment NR 602 Quiz 

    Assignment NR 602 Quiz

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  1. ________ only is indicated if RBUS reveals hydronephrosis, scarring, or other findings that would suggest either high-grade vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) or obstructive uropathy, as well as other atypical or complex clinical circumstances.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. A 4-year-old child presents with fever; exudative pharyngitis; anterior cervical lymphadenopathy; and a fine, raised, pink rash. The most likely diagnosis : Scarlet fever
  2. An 18-year-old woman has a chief complaint of “a sore throat and swollen glands” for the past 3 days. Her physical examination reveals exudative pharyngitis, minimally tender anterior and posterior cervical lymphadenopathy, and maculopapular rash. Abdominal examination reveals right and left upper quadrant abdominal tenderness. The most likely diagnosis is: .

 

  1. Kawasaki disease most commonly occurs in what age group?
  2. For acute phase illness (usually lasts about 11 days), fever with T104ºF (40ºC) lasting5 days, polymorphous exanthem on trunk, flexor regions, and perineum, erythema of the oral cavity (“strawberry tongue”) with extensively chapped lips, bilateral conjunctivitis usually without eye discharge, cervical lymphadenopathy, edema and erythema of the hands and feet with peeling skin (late finding, usually 1-2 weeks after onset of fever), no other illness accountable for the findings.
    Usually in children age 1-8 years Treatment with IV immunoglobulin and PO aspirin during the acute phase is associated with a reduction in rate of coronary abnormalities such as coronary artery dilatation and coronary aneurysm. Expert consultation and treatment advice about aspirin use and ongoing monitoring warranted.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. Rates of urinary tract infection (UTI) among uncircumcised infant boys are how much higher than those in circumcised boys?
  2. Which of the following is most likely to be part of the clinical presentation of UTI in a 20-month-old child?
  3. Which of the following is considered the ideal method for obtaining a urine sample for culture and sensitivity in an 18-month-old-old girl with suspected UTI?

 

  1. When choosing an antimicrobial agent for the treatment of UTI in a febrile female child who is 16 months old, the NP considers that:
  2. When evaluating the urinalysis of a 10-month-old infant with UTI, the NP considers that:

.

  1. In children 2 months to 2 years old with UTI, antimicrobial therapy should be prescribed for:

 

  1. The preferred urinary tract imaging study for a 22-month-old girl with first-time febrile UTI is:

 

  1. VCUG is indicated:
  2. The urinary tract abnormality most often associated with UTI in younger children is: .

 

  1. Signs of severe dehydration include (choose all that apply):

 

  1. The onset of symptoms of food poisoning caused by Staphylococcus species is typically how many hours after the ingestion of the offending substance?

 

  1. The onset of symptoms in food poisoning caused by Salmonella species is typically how many hours after the ingestion of the offending substance?

 

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  1. What percentage of body weight is typically lost in a child with moderate dehydration?

6-10%

73.Clinical features of shigellosis include all of the following except:

  1. acute gastritis usually does not have a fever

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. Asking about the last urination is a helpful way of evaluating dehydration. If the child has voided within the previous few hours, the degree of dehydration is minimal.
  2. Because they contain inappropriate glucose and electrolyte composition, sports drinks such as Gatorade ™, soda, and most fruit juices are __________for rehydration.

inappropriate

  1. The use of antidiarrheal agents is usually discouraged because of the risk of increasing the severity of illness if toxinproducing bacteria are the causative agent.

 

  1. Warning signs during acute gastroenteritis include _______ coupled with ___or ____-filled stools. If these are present, a bacterial source of infection such as shigellosis should be considered. Stool culture should be obtained, and appropriate antimicrobial therapy should be initiated.

 

  1. Precocious puberty in girls has long been defined as the onset of secondary sexual characteristics before the child’s __8TH _____ birthday.
  2. In boys, precocious puberty is defined as the onset of secondary sexual characteristics before his _9TH_____ birthday.
  3. Thelarche (the isolated appearance of breast development) is common as early as age __7__ .
  4. . Pubarche (the appearance of pubic hair without other signs of puberty) as early as age ___ in otherwise healthy girls.
  5. A subset of girls, particularly girls with pubertal changes noted before their ______ birthday, often has significant health problems, however, such as ovarian or adrenal tumors. Expert evaluation and referral is indicated in these children.
  6. Delayed puberty is defined as no evidence of sexual maturation (Tanner stage 1) in girls older than age ____and in boys older than age _____.
  7. The most common reason for precocious puberty in girls is: estrogen.. early onset of normal puberty.
  8. The most common reason for precocious puberty in boys is:
  9. Which of the following is noted in a child with premature adrenarche?
  10. Girls typically grow to their adult height by

 

  1. A 15-year-old male is found to be at Tanner stage 1 on exam. The least likely cause of this finding is:

 

  1. An innocent heart murmur has which of the following characteristics?

 

  1. The murmur of atrial septal defect is usually:

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. A Still murmur: has a humming or vibratory quality
  2. Grade 1-3/6 early systolic ejection, musical or vibratory, short, often buzzing, heard best midway between apex and LLSB. Softens or disappears when sitting, when standing, or with Valsalva maneuver Louder when supine or with fever or tachycardia Usual onset age 2-6 years; may persist through adolescence Benign condition
  3. Grade 1-2/6 systolic ejection, high-pitched, heard best in pulmonic and aortic areas. Heard only in presence of increased cardiac output, such as fever, anemia, stress. Disappears when underlying condition resolves Usually seen without cardiac disease Most often heard in children and younger adults with thin chest walls

 

  1. Grade 1-2/6 continuous musical hum heard best at upper right sternal border (URSB) and upper left sternal border (ULS) and the lower neck. Disappears in supine position, when jugular vein is compressed Common after age 3 years. Believed to be produced by turbulence in subclavian and jugular veins Benign condition

 

  1. Grade 1-3/6 systolic ejection murmur, heard best at ULSB with widely split fixed S 2. Accompanying mid-diastolic murmur heard at fourth intercostal space (ICS) left sternal border (LSB); commonly caused by increased flow across tricuspid valve. Two times as common in girls Child is often entirely well or present with heart failure Often missed in the first few months of life or even entire childhood Watch for children with easy fatigability Cyanosis rare

 

  1. Grade 2-5/6 regurgitant systolic murmur heard best at LLSB Occasionally holosystolic, usually localized. Thrill may be present and a loud P 2 with large left-to-right shunt. Usually without cyanosis Children with small-to moderate-sized left-toright shunt without pulmonary hypertension likely to have minimal symptoms Larger shunts may result in CHF with onset in infancy

Ventricular septal defect

  1. When counseling the family of an otherwise healthy 2-year-old child who just had a febrile seizure, you consider the following regarding whether the child is at risk for future febrile seizures (choose all that apply):

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. A simple febrile seizure actually is most likely to occur as fever is ___ _(increasing or decreasing) rather than at its peak; however, there is no evidence that the rapidity of the rate of increase is associated with febrile seizures.
  2. A familial tendency has been noted with febrile seizure, but is the condition predictive of the development of epilepsy? No
  3. A simple febrile seizure is a benign, although frightening, common event in children ___months to ____years old; a child who has had one seizure is at increased risk for a recurrence.

 

102.Most children with febrile seizures do not need to be treated with medication. Daily phenobarbital and valproate, reduce risk and could prevent occurrence but risks outweigh the benefits …. true

103.In situations in which parental anxiety about febrile seizures is severe, intermittent oral diazepam (Valium) at the onset of febrile illness. True

  1. Do antipyretics prevent febrile seizures?

 

  1. You exam a healthy 2 month old boy and note that his foreskin cannot be retracted. You consider that:

 

  1. You examine a thriving 4-week old boy, born at 39 weeks’ gestation, and note a painless, tense, non-reducible, relatively symmetric scrotal enlargement that brightly and evenly trans-illuminates. The parents state the scrotum always looks like this without change in size during the day.  Bilateral testes 1 cm in length, are palpable and held within the scrotum. The penis is about 4cm in length. You consider these findings are most consistent with:

 

  1. Most of the time a non-communicating hydroceles will resolve on their own by the time the baby is 1 year old.

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. Communicating or Non-communicating Hydrocele: A Fluid-filled scrotal sac; transilluminates, nontender, testes normal, however amount of fluid in scrotum (scrotal size) varies with position of neonate; larger with dependent upright position (day) and smaller after lying flat (upon awakening) . Due to communication, an infant is at risk for herniation of abdominal contents and should be referred to pediatric urologist or surgeon.

 

  1. A ______hydocele occurs due to sealing of the abdominal cavity during gestation with residual trapped peritoneal fluid in the scrotal sac.
  2. What does intussusception result in?

 

  1. What does pyloric stenosis result in?
  2. Approximately 4:1 male to female ratio.

 

  1. Sudden onset colicky, severe, an intermittent abdominal pain.

 

  1. Accompanied by loose stools that are often described as currant jelly appearance (Mixture of blood and sloughed mucous).

 

  1. Most common time for symptoms onset = Approximately Age 3 weeks.

 

  1. Post-fed projectile vomiting is present with the baby eager to eat again immediately post emesis

 

  1. Accompanied by a sausage-shaped abdominal mass.

 

  1. Olive Shaped abdominal Mass occasionally noted.

 

  1. Usually occurs in the first year of life

 

  1. Intussusception is caused when a section of intestines invaginates into the adjoining intestinal lumen, causing bowel obstuction, if left untreated is uniformly fatal in ______ to _____ days.
  2. Intussesception symptoms are often preceded by an upper respiratory tract infection.

 

  1. Puberty is the onset of Tanner Stage ___
  2. In a boy Tanner Stage __ consists of testicular enlargement, scrotal skin reddening, sparse growth of long slightly pigmented pubic hair at base of penis.
  3. Gynecomastia is usually found in males at which tanner stage/age?

 

  1. You see a 17 year old female, as part of the visit you consider her risk factors for T2 Diabetes would likely include all of the following except:
    Family History of Type 1 DM
  2. When should you consider doing T2DM screening in Children:

 

NR 602 Quiz Assignment

  1. If child is overweight or obese initiate testing at age ____ years or at onset of puberty if puberty occurs earlier. Frequency is every ____ years.
  2. Microcytic, Hypochromic, Elevated RDW is what kind of anemia?

 

  1. Iron deficiency is most common in children 12-30 months

 

  1. For mild to moderate dehydration oral rehydration therapy with oral rehydration solution is as effective as parenteral therapy, easier to administer and more cost-effectiveImportant information for writing discussion questions and participationHi Class,

    Please read through the following information on writing a Discussion question response and participation posts.

    Contact me if you have any questions.

    Important information on Writing a Discussion Question

    • Your response needs to be a minimum of 150 words (not including your list of references)
    • There needs to be at least TWO references with ONE being a peer reviewed professional journal article.
    • Include in-text citations in your response
    • Do not include quotes—instead summarize and paraphrase the information
    • Follow APA-7th edition
    • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

    Participation –replies to your classmates or instructor

    • A minimum of 6 responses per week, on at least 3 days of the week.
    • Each response needs at least ONE reference with citations—best if it is a peer reviewed journal article
    • Each response needs to be at least 75 words in length (does not include your list of references)
    • Responses need to be substantive by bringing information to the discussion or further enhance the discussion. Responses of “I agree” or “great post” does not count for the word count.
    • Follow APA 7th edition
    • Points will be deducted if the above is not followed

    Welcome to class

    Hello class and welcome to the class and I will be your instructor for this course. This is a -week course and requires a lot of time commitment, organization, and a high level of dedication. Please use the class syllabus to guide you through all the assignments required for the course. I have also attached the classroom policies to this announcement to know your expectations for this course. Please review this document carefully and ask me any questions if you do. You could email me at any time or send me a message via the “message” icon in halo if you need to contact me. I check my email regularly, so you should get a response within 24 hours. If you have not heard from me within 24 hours and need to contact me urgently, please send a follow up text to.

    I strongly encourage that you do not wait until the very last minute to complete your assignments. Your assignments in weeks 4 and 5 require early planning as you would need to present a teaching plan and interview a community health provider. I advise you look at the requirements for these assignments at the beginning of the course and plan accordingly. I have posted the YouTube link that explains all the class assignments in detail. It is required that you watch this 32-minute video as the assignments from week 3 through 5 require that you follow the instructions to the letter to succeed. Failure to complete these assignments according to instructions might lead to a zero. After watching the video, please schedule a one-on-one with me to discuss your topic for your project by the second week of class. Use this link to schedule a 15-minute session. Please, call me at the time of your appointment on my number. Please note that I will NOT call you.

    Please, be advised I do NOT accept any assignments by email. If you are having technical issues with uploading an assignment, contact the technical department and inform me of the issue. If you have any issues that would prevent you from getting your assignments to me by the deadline, please inform me to request a possible extension. Note that working fulltime or overtime is no excuse for late assignments. There is a 5%-point deduction for every day your assignment is late. This only applies to approved extensions. Late assignments will not be accepted.

    If you think you would be needing accommodations due to any reasons, please contact the appropriate department to request accommodations.

    Plagiarism is highly prohibited. Please ensure you are citing your sources correctly using APA 7th edition. All assignments including discussion posts should be formatted in APA with the appropriate spacing, font, margin, and indents. Any papers not well formatted would be returned back to you, hence, I advise you review APA formatting style. I have attached a sample paper in APA format and will also post sample discussion responses in subsequent announcements.

    Your initial discussion post should be a minimum of 200 words and response posts should be a minimum of 150 words. Be advised that I grade based on quality and not necessarily the number of words you post. A minimum of TWO references should be used for your initial post. For your response post, you do not need references as personal experiences would count as response posts. If you however cite anything from the literature for your response post, it is required that you cite your reference. You should include a minimum of THREE references for papers in this course. Please note that references should be no more than 5 years old except recommended as a resource for the class. Furthermore, for each discussion board question, you need ONE initial substantive response and TWO substantive responses to either your classmates or your instructor for a total of THREE responses. There are TWO discussion questions each week, hence, you need a total minimum of SIX discussion posts for each week. I usually post a discussion question each week. You could also respond to these as it would count towards your required SIX discussion posts for the week.

    I understand this is a lot of information to cover in 5 weeks, however, the Bible says in Philippians 4:13 that we can do all things through Christ that strengthens us. Even in times like this, we are encouraged by God’s word that we have that ability in us to succeed with His strength. I pray that each and every one of you receives strength for this course and life generally as we navigate through this pandemic that is shaking our world today. Relax and enjoy the course!

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