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Assignment: Literature Review Research Paper

Assignment: Literature Review Research Paper

While the implementation plan prepares students to apply their research to the problem or issue they have identified for their capstone change proposal project, the literature review enables students to map out and move into the active planning and development stages of the project.

A literature review analyzes how current research supports the PICOT, as well as identifies what is known and what is not known in the evidence. Students will use the information from the earlier PICOT Statement Paper and Literature Evaluation Table assignments to develop a 750-1,000 word review that includes the following sections:

  1. Title page
  2. Introduction section
  3. A comparison of research questions
  4. A comparison of sample populations
  5. A comparison of the limitations of the study
  6. A conclusion section, incorporating recommendations for further research

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

Diabetes causes many deaths in the United States today. Among the most affected population groups are African Americans. Regrettably, there have been disparities in health care that deprive this population the opportunity to get the care they need. Education has proven to be an effective strategy to help diabetic individuals engage in behavior that does not put them at risk of complications linked to the disease. Preventing these complications is critical to cutting the huge cost associated with treatment and mortality. This review compares the research questions, sample populations used, and study limitations. It then concludes by providing a summary of the findings, as well as recommendations for further research. Ultimately, nursing education is seen as a critical approach to promoting healthy behavior and managing diabetes to improve quality of life and reduce the mortality rate.

Assignment: Literature Review Research Paper

Research Questions

Diabetes Education and the Reduction of Complications

In their research, Burke, Sherr, and Lipman (2014) aimed at outlining the aspects involved in ongoing and comprehensive diabetes support and education, as well as to explicate the efficaciousness of collaborating with a certified diabetes educator. They found that diabetes education played a vital role in promoting behavioral change that can reduce the risk factors of diabetes including obesity. Garg (2013), on the other hand, investigates how educating people on adopting a healthy lifestyle can be effectual in preventing Type 2 diabetes. They found education to be an effective strategy for preventing diabetes and its complications. Steele et al. (2017) researched the link between education services and diabetes incidence in older grownups. They found that education is as an effective strategy for reducing the incidence of diabetes.  These researchers center upon using education as a way to encourage healthy habits that can help in ameliorating the quality of care in diabetic patients.

Use of Language in Individualized and Group Approaches

In their research, Dickinson et al. (2017) centered upon the language used by health care staff and other professionals in talking about diabetes. They explored the use of written or spoken words in relation to diabetes care and prevalence. They found language movement critical in diabetes education and care. Fan et al. (2017) aimed to assess the impact of personalized education for diabetic individuals. They affirmed that diabetes education targeting individuals is more efficacious compared to group education in managing and preventing type 2 diabetes. Dickinson et al. (2017) explore the impact of quality communication when dealing with diabetics while Fan et al. (2017) focus on the differences in the individualized and group-based approaches.

Lifestyle and Behavioral Changes

The research by Powers et al. (2015) aims to define what, how, and when diabetes self-management training and support ought to be given to individuals having diabetes. The researchers find that ongoing diabetes self-care training and support may help diabetic

individuals’ on-going demands and deal successfully with barriers to successful treatment and life transitions. On the other hand, Forouhi, Misra, Mohan, Taylor, and Yancy (2018) investigate the best dietary approach to diabetes management. They attempt to answer the question of how lifestyle behavioral changes can help in managing diabetes. They find that lifestyle and behavioral changes are vital in achieving effectual diabetes care. Wooton and Melchior (2017) investigate the purpose of nurse practitioners in providing care and improving the quality of life in diabetic adolescents and children. They accentuate education on the risk of obesity as an important measure in the management of diabetes.

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Also Read: Topic 7: Policies Affecting Practice and State of Health Care Delivery

Sample Populations

The sample by Burke, Sherr, and Lipman (2014) was drawn from a population drawn from the United States. Garg (2013), on the other hand, obtained his sample population from India. Steele et al. (2017) used a sample size of 7462 people aged between 50 and 75 years drawn from across the globe. On the other hand, Dickinson et al. (2017) obtained their study sample from the United States. Fan et al. (2017) surveyed 280 patients in their study. This sample took place in a hospital, which facilitated convenient sampling. Powers et al. (2015) focused on diabetic individuals living in the United States. Forouhi, Misra, Mohan, Taylor, and Yancy (2018) explored the impact of dietary management on diabetes care, and their focus was on a global scale. Finally, Wooton and Melchior (2017) focused their study on the United States. As seen only Steele et al. (2017) and Fan et al. (2017) used a specific sample, but the latter was more focused on a specific population. Other research studies focused on a wider population, but their findings are pertinent to the current research. The fact that most of the research studies are not well-focused creates a gap that needs to be filled by conducting fresh research.

Limitations

Among the limitations of the research by Burke, Sherr, and Lipman (2014) is the fact that their study accentuates individualized education focused on self-care as recommended by Diabetes Educators American Association. Nevertheless, this article is not focused on a single population but the general findings of diabetes education. Garg (2013) has a limitation his research discourages eating Western foods and lifestyle because the researcher associates them with obesity and diabetes. The author does not suggest Western foods that do not pose risk to the population that is the subject of this study. Steele et al. (2017) did not use a robust methodology to deduce mediation in diabetes care, implying that it was not possible to accurately assess the risk factors. The investigators only investigated some relationships, implying they should have looked into factors such as working conditions, neighborhood conditions, race, income, depression, and stress in affecting diabetes self-care. The study by Dickinson et al. (2017) explored the significance of language in disparate types of cultures, diabetes, and groups. This study was general in focus and may not be generalized without taking into account other factors. The limitation of the study by Fan et al. (2017) is that it did not assess medication adherence. Their focus was on glucose control through individualized education and self-care.

The limitation of the research by Powers et al. (2015) is that even though diabetes education services have proven to be effective and valuable in diabetes care and prevention, such strategies have not been utilized well. The researchers have not recommended how this gap can be filled. Forouhi, Misra, Mohan, Taylor, and Yancy (2018) find significance in educating individuals on individual behavior related to diabetes prevention and care. Nevertheless, they have not suggested ways in which nutrition transition can be achieved. Wooton and Melchior (2017) focus on diabetic adolescents and children, as well as strategies that can reduce risky dietary behavior. The limitation of this is that it focuses on a small group, implying that the results cannot be applied fully to a community like the African Americans. Nevertheless, this article offers fundamental ideas about the impact of engaging nurse practitioners in measures like educating diabetic patients.

The eight studies explored here have accentuated education as a critical approach to advancing or advocating for healthy behaviors and averting diabetes complications. Most of these research studies center upon education to help diabetics self-manage their blood sugars and engage in exercise. A notable observation in these studies is the lack of s specificity regarding whom the diabetes education should target. This is a clear gap that the proposed research needs to address, especially the prevalence of diabetes education targeted for African Americans.

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