Describe the field of Human-Ecology.
In order for participants in a dialogue to understand each other they must use shared metaphors. Explain. (What is a metaphor?)
Why can’t you safely assume that an idea of yours, which you have labelled with spoken words, has been understood in the same way as you, by the listener who has received the words you have spoken?
True or False: Conflicts over the meaning of a term between two individuals trying to communicate, indicates that they are probably using different metaphors or different conceptual source domains. EXPLAIN
True or False: Dialog between people with different ideas often creates good, powerful ideas.
Were you surprised at the results of you Ecological Footprint Analysis? Why?
What could you do to make your footprint smaller?
Explain why, on a finite planet, social-ecological impacts in one place, can or cannot be solved by displacing them to another place.
TRUE or FALSE: If human use of an ecosystem service is to continue, humans must respect the rates at which the stock from which the service is drawn is replenished. EXPLAIN.
In the conflict for water resources described in the Snowy River Case Study:
the grazing of sheep and cattle in the High Country caused soil erosion which led to the silting up of the reservoirs behind the dams and threatened the water security for the farmers.
farmers began to plant crops in the High Country using the manure from the cattle and sheep.
Snowy Hydro diverted water from the Murray River to provide water for the sheepherder’s stock.
the Miners Union sabotaged the construction of Snowy Hydro by blowing up the first dam.
all of the above.
TRUE or FALSE: A change in the value of any one of the variables in a feedback system may eventually cause a change in the values of all of the other variables – even feeding back to influence the value of the original variable that was initially changed!
Systems dynamics studies are focused on:
the way that a feedback system changes in response to internally generated forces.
the way that a feedback system changes in response to externally generated forces.
applying the knowledge of system changes to improve policy making and management outcomes.
all of the above.
“a” and “c” but not “b”.
In system dynamics, stocks can include:
water in a tank,
number of elephants in a grassland,
amount of money in an account,
All of the above.
Only “a”, “b”, “c” above.
TRUE or FALSE: It is necessary to be a mathematician to use system dynamics models to understand complex human-ecological relationships, because the “stock and flow” approach has a very rigorous mathematical grounding.
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.
ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS
Discussion Questions (DQ)
- Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words.
- Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source.
- One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words.
- I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses.
- Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately.
- In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies.
- Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work).
- Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week.
APA Format and Writing Quality
- Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required).
- Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation.
- I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.
Use of Direct Quotes
- I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly.
- As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content.
- It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source.
- For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me.
- Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes.
- Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?
- Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score.
- The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies.
- Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances.
- If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect.
- I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension.
- As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading.
- Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me:
- Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class.
- Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.