Assignment: EBP Evaluation Plan
Assignment: EBP Evaluation Plan
The execution any evidence-based practice protocol or change, an evaluation of the suggested change’s efficacy as well as the compliance of the studied population to it becomes necessary. According to Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt (2015), “Stetler Model explains that the evaluation step of evidence-based practice is evaluating the plan in terms of the degree to which it was implemented and whether the goals for using the evidence were met”. The collection of the information on the present author’s PICOT that focuses on major depressive disorder: For adult female and male patients between the ages of 30-50 years of age who have been diagnosed with major depression (P) will exercise therapy (I) compared to pharmacological treatment with antidepressants alone (C) decrease symptoms of depression (O) over a period of 3 months (T), will make it possible for the efficacy of the intervention to be determined through the application of multifarious evaluation tools. In the present study, depression measuring tools such as the PHQ-9 tool, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and the Beck Depression Scale will be adopted to gather data from the patients.
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The PHQ-9 tool will play an important role in determining the severity of depression amongst the chosen population as it offers insights into the severity of depression. In order to arrive at this, patient information regarding the symptomatology of depression and
the manner in which they have reduced or increased during the exercise period will be determined. Data concerning the patient’s interest in doing things and feeling depressed will be gathered for exercise and pharmacological interventions populations. Moreover, questions about the effect of the tool on the quality of sleep enjoyed by the patients will also receive attention using the PHQ-9 tool (Adams et al., 2015). In other words, the tool will be used to determine whether the prevalence of symptoms as indicated by the patients at the beginning of the regimen will have reduced or increased by the end of the project period.
Moreover, the effectiveness of major depression amongst the respondents will be determined using the Hamilton Depression Rating tool. In this tool, the present author will administer a structured interview containing 17-items related to the symptomatology of major depression (Knapen, Vancampfort, Moriën, & Marchal, 2015). In addition to the interest of the patient in doing things, the HDR tool will also look to examine the patients’ appetite levels, their concentration levels on aspects such as newspaper reading and speaking or moving slowly in a noticeable manner will be gathered. The data collection will occur for the group that will be subjected to exercises and the one that will be using antipsychotic drugs during the same period in order to get data regarding the effectiveness of both in managing depression.
Once the data has been gathered using the above instruments, a statistical analysis will be conducted for specific interventions. Afterwards, a statistical comparison will occur to determine the effectiveness of each of the interventions. The comparison will reveal whether using exercise as a standalone therapy is more effective compared to antidepressants. Moreover, the results will be shared with the relevant stakeholders to facilitate application in practice (Brewer & Alexandrov, 2015). Also, disseminating the results of the study to professionals in the field using methodologies such as peer-reviewed journals will be crucial as it will add onto the increasing body of evidence regarding the application of exercise as a therapy to reduce the symptoms of depression. As such, clinical decision-making will be enhanced as a consequence of the present EBP project as it makes a comparative analysis of two interventions.