Assignment: Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Part 3: Research Analysis
Nursing students taking the MSN program need to understand the health care environment and issues that affect care delivery. Research analysis skills are critical tools for advanced education nursing students who seek to understand the different aspects of care and how to delivery better interventions for quality patient outcomes. One of such issues affecting health population is accessibility to health care services and resources, especially among low-income populations, households, and individuals. The enactment of health policies like the Affordable Care Act 2010 is focused on improving accessibility, lowering the cost of care and enhancing quality, especially for individuals from low-income settings. However, irrespective of the transformation and changes in the health care industry, millions of vulnerable Americans have limited access to care while the demand for health care increases due to the existing diversity and an aging population. As such, in this part, I review an article on the issue and reflect on the professional practice use of the concepts and theoretical frameworks described in the article.
Step 1: Research Analysis
Complete the table below
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|Topic of Interest:||Health Care Access among Vulnerable Communities|
|Research Article: Include full citation in APA format, as well as link or search details (such as DOI)||Bhatt, J. & Bathija, P. (2018). Ensuring Access to Quality Health Care in Vulnerable Communities, Academic Medicine, 93(9):1271-1275. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002254|
|Professional Practice Use:
One or more professional practice uses of the theories/concepts presented in the article
|In the study, the authors highlight the need for increased access to health for millions of Americans living in vulnerable situations; both in rural and urban settings. The authors are categorical that the current transformation in healthcare service delivery may lead to loss of access to health care services, opportunities and resources that these communities and individuals need to enhance and maintain their health. The authors in the article present a commentary outlining features and parameters of vulnerable communities and the need for essential health care services that facilities need to maintain locally based on a taskforce report on ensuring access to these populations and communities.
The concept of access to health care services by vulnerable communities and individuals is essential for professional practice use and understanding for nurse practitioners and other individuals to offer quality care. The authors mention critical strategies that can improve access to health care by the vulnerable communities. These include tackling the social determinants of health, embracing new and innovative virtual strategies, designing global budgets and using a transformational strategy targeting outpatient and inpatients in these setting. The implication is that the concepts presented in the article can be used by professional nurses and other healthcare providers to understand the vulnerability of these communities and need to use interventions that will lead to improved access to health care. The authors emphasize the need to enhance innovative models through collaboration among all stakeholder to address value and affordability and ensure that all involved in care practice understand the underlying issues.
Secondly, professionals can use the concepts to determine and implement the most effective approaches to addressing challenges faced by the vulnerable communities in different parts of the country in accessing quality and affordable care interventions. The concept implies that professional health care providers should develop innovative yet collaborative approaches to tackle the limited access to these communities in both rural and urban settings.
|Research Analysis Matrix
Add more rows if necessary
|Strengths of the Research||Limitations of the Research||Relevancy to Topic of Interest||Notes|
|Demonstrates the quality and economic security risks faced by many individuals because of the systematic health care challenges in the country.
|Focuses on patients who defied the status quos based on their socioeconomic status.||Indicates causes of limited access and the inherent challenges to the health care system, especially among the vulnerable populations and individuals||The strengths and relevance meet the need to enhance access to healthcare for all people irrespective of their conditions and social statuses.|
|The study shows the challenges that hospitals and health systems are facing and opportunities presented by the ever changing health care environment||The commentary shows the need to advance the health of all patients and communities by health systems through increased access, value creation and addition, partners, wellbeing and coordination||Important to the topic as it illustrates the need to attain optimal care outcomes for a healthy population||The research shows that optimal health and wellness are critical to lifelong healthy living for many people who have limited access to care.|
|The commentary shows the need for providers to identify and implement different strategies to enhance access to care among vulnerable communities.||The commentary shows the parameters to define vulnerable communities. However, these parameters only focus on social determinants of health as opposed to other features like systematic inefficiencies and inability to deploy innovative models.||The research is essential to the topic as it demonstrates that effective strategies based on interventions from providers and government entities lead to improved accessibility to healthcare, especially among the vulnerable communities.||Again, the study demonstrates the need to collect evidence from primary sources on ways or practices that address ways to overcome challenges to access|
|Gathered evidence from diverse patient population based on participating clinics and patients
|The article offers a commentary based on data from existing research and therefore does not give new information.||It shows the significance of patient-centered care and its effects on cost of health care.||Evidence shows that patient-centered interventions or practices are better at addressing barriers to accessibility.|
|Demonstrates how health care providers, patients, their families and vulnerable communities can collaborate to develop responsive approaches to enhancing accessibility.
|The article focuses on one segment of the population yet many not described as vulnerable face limitations in accessing care in different settings.||It helps the topic as it shows that collaboration among providers can lower costs, increase access and improve quality of care. It also illustrates the need for innovative models that can help providers increase access through collaboration.||The study shows the importance of having a collaboration among all stakeholders focused on addressing accessibility to care issues in community health clinics|